PR594111 - Decision - 06 Jul 2017

[2017] FWCFB 3433
FAIR WORK COMMISSION

DECISION


Fair Work Act 2009

s.156 - 4 yearly review of modern awards

4 yearly review of modern awards—Award stage—Group 3
(AM2014/217 and others)

JUSTICE ROSS,PRESIDENT

SENIOR DEPUTY PRESIDENT HAMBERGER
DEPUTY PRESIDENT CLANCY
COMMISSIONER ROE
COMMISSIONER JOHNS

MELBOURNE,6 JULY 2017

4 yearly review of modern awards –Award stage –exposure drafts –Group 3 awards.

CONTENTS

 

Paragraph

1. Introduction

[1]

2. Review of Group 3 awards

[4]

2.1 Banking,Finance and Insurance Award 2010

[12]

2.2 Business Equipment Award 2010

[17]

2.3 Commercial Sales Award 2010

[40]

2.4 Coal Export Terminals Award 2010

[43]

2.5 Contract Call Centres Award 2010

[45]

2.6 Electrical Power Industry Award 2010

[51]

2.7 Higher Education Industry–Academic Staff–Award 2010

[53]

2.8 Higher Education Industry–General Staff–Award 2010

[59]

2.9 Labour Market Assistance Industry Award 2010

[65]

2.10 Local Government Industry Award 2010

[78]

2.11 Marine Towage Award 2010

[83]

2.12 Market and Social Research Award 2010

[90]

2.13 Miscellaneous Award 2010

[104]

2.14 Pastoral Award 2010

[106]

2.15 Port Authorities Award 2010

[289]

2.16 Ports,Harbours and Enclosed Water Vessels Award 2010

[302]

2.17 Real Estate Industry 2010

[307]

2.18 Seagoing Industry Award 2010

[308]

2.19 State Government Agencies Award 2010

[311]

2.20 Telecommunications Award 2010

[312]

3. Other matters

[320]

3.1 Title and commencement

[321]

3.2 Definitions section

[329]

3.3 Duplication of definitions in coverage clause and definition section

[334]

3.4 Coverage

[341]

3.5 References to the Fair Work Act

[345]

3.6 Casual overtime rates tables

[351]

3.7 Hourly rates of pay schedule –minimum hourly rate and percentage of ordinary hourly rate

[353]

3.8 Reference to “allowances”,“rates”,or “loadings”as opposed to “shift penalties

[363]

3.9 Occupational health and safety references

[380]

4. Next steps

[383]

Attachment A—List of Group 3 awards

 

Attachment B—List of modern awards containing all purpose allowances

 

Attachment C—Awards using term “occupational health and safety”

 

Attachment D—Overtime meal allowance provisions

 

ABBREVIATIONS

ABI

Australian Business Industrial and New South Wales Business Chamber (jointly ABI)

ACTU

Australian Council of Trade Unions

AFEI

Australian Federation of Employers and Industries

Ai Group

Australian Industry Group

AIMPE

The Australian Institute of Marine and Power Engineers

AIRC

Australian Industrial Relations Commission

AMOU

The Australian Maritime Officers’Union

APESMA

The Association of Professional Engineers,Scientists and Managers,Australia

ASU

Australian Municipal,Administrative,Clerical and Services Union

AWU

The Australian Workers’Union

Business SA

South Australian Employers’Chamber of Commerce and Industry Inc trading as Business SA

CEPU

Communications,Electrical,Electronic,Energy,Information,Postal,Plumbing and Allied Services Union of Australia

CFMEU

Construction,Forestry,Mining and Energy Union

Commission

Fair Work Commission

CPSU

Community and Public Sector Union

December 2014 decision

Full Bench decision re exposure drafts in Group 1A and 1B –General drafting –alleged inconsistencies with NES –23 December 2014 [2014] FWCFB 9412

FW Act

Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth)

FWO

Fair Work Ombudsman

FSU

Finance Sector Union of Australia

HSU

Health Services Union of Australia

July 2015 decision

Full Bench decision re exposure drafts in Group 1A and 1B –drafting and technical issues –ordinary hourly rate of pay –13 July 2015 [2015] FWCFB 4658

MIAL

Maritime Industry Australia Ltd

MUA

Maritime Union of Australia

NES

National Employment Standards

NFF

National Farmers’Federation

  

QIRC

Queensland Industrial Relations Commission

Review

4 yearly review of modern awards under s.156 of the Fair Work Act 2009

SCAA

Shearing Contractors Association of Australia

SDA

Shop,Distributive and Allied Employees Association

September 2015 decision

Full Bench decision re exposure drafts in Group 1A and 1B –drafting and technical issues –Absorption clause –casual loading –30 September 2015 [2015] FWCFB 6656

the Market Research Report

Report by Justice Ross;Four yearly Review of Modern Awards:Market and Social Research Award 2010 –6 July 2016

the Pastoral award

Pastoral Award 2010

The Port Authorities award

Port Authorities Award 2010

The Ports award

Ports,Harbours and Enclosed Water Vessels Award 2010

1. Introduction

[1] Section 156 of the Fair Work Act 2009 (the Act) requires the Fair Work Commission (the Commission) to review all modern awards every four years (the Review). In the Award stage of the Review the 122 modern awards have been divided into 4 groups. This decision deals with the technical and drafting issue issues arising out of the awards in Group 3. 1 The 33 awards allocated to Group 3 are listed at Attachment Ato this decision.

[2] This decision should be read in conjunction with earlier decisions and statements concerning the Review,and in particular the decisions of 23 December 2014 2 (the December 2014 decision),13 July 20153 (the July 2015 decision) and 30 September 20154 (the September 2015 decision) in which the Commission dealt with a number of general drafting and technical issues common to multiple exposure drafts.

[3] The December 2014 decision, along with an additional decision issued in May 2015 5 dealt with alleged inconsistencies with the National Employment Standards (NES). Further decisions in relation to award flexibility (AM2014/300)6,annual leave (AM2014/47)7 and transitional provisions in relation to accident pay (AM2014/190)8 also have application to this group of awards.

2. Review of Group 3 awards

[4] Conferences were held on 30 March 2015 to identify the issues to be raised by interested parties during the review of each of the Group 3 awards. The Commission published summaries of proposed variations.

[5] The Fair Work Ombudsman (FWO) raised a number of issues identified through interactions with employers and employees covered by Group 3 awards. While the FWO did not participate in any proceedings during the Award stage,these issues were drawn to the attention of the parties through notes in the exposure drafts and included in summaries of submissions published.

[6] The Commission published exposure drafts for the Group 3 awards in two tranches between December 2015 and January 2016 together with comparison documents showing the changes made to the structure and language in the award. Interested parties were given an opportunity to make written submissions on the exposure drafts and to reply to the submissions of others. At the request of the parties,further conferences were held to deal with a range of award-specific matters.

[7] Mentions were held on 6 and 7 June 2016 dealing with the technical and drafting issues identified in relation to the Group 3 exposure drafts. The purpose of the mention was to:

  • confirm that the published summaries of submissions were accurate and reflected the positions of the parties;

  • identify any submissions or variations that were agreed or withdrawn;and

  • identify any matters of a substantive nature that had not yet been referred to a specially constituted Full Bench.

[8] Further conferences were conducted by individual members in respect of particular Group 3 awards.

[9] This decision deals with the technical and drafting issues in the Group 3 awards,along with a number of changes sought by parties (other than substantive changes requiring extensive evidence). A subsequent decision will deal with the technical and drafting issues in the remaining awards in Group 3 (Dredging Industry Award 2010,Educational Services (Post-Secondary Education) Award 2010,Educational Services (Schools) General Staff Award 2010;Horticulture Award 2010,Sugar Industry Award 2010,Clerks Private Sector Award 2010,Fitness Industry Award 2010,Gardening and Landscaping Services Award 2010,Legal Services Award 2010,Nursery Award 2010,Silviculture Award 2010,Sporting Organisations Award 2010 and Wine Industry Award 2010).

[10] This decision also deals with a number of ‘other matters’which are set out at Chapter 3.

[11] We now turn to the awards under Review which are dealt with in this decision.

2.1 Banking,Finance and Insurance Award 2010

[12] On 18 December 2015 the Commission published an initial exposure draft based on the Banking,Finance and Insurance Award 2010 together with a comparison document showing the changes made to the structure and language in the award. Interested parties were provided with an opportunity to file written submissions and submissions in reply on the drafting and technical issues in the exposure draft. Submissions were received from the following parties:

  • Australian Industry Group (Ai Group)

  • South Australian Employers’Chamber of Commerce and Industry Inc trading as Business SA (Business SA)

  • Australian Federation of Employers and Industries (AFEI)

  • Australian Business Industrial and New South Wales Business Chamber (jointly ABI)

  • The Australian Workers’Union (AWU)

[13] A report was published on 22 April 2016 setting out the matters dealt with at a conference held on 21 April 2016. 9 A number of issues raised were resolved at this conference and at a further conference on 29 April 2016. A revised exposure draft was published on 27 April 2016 along with a summary of submissions document. The report of 22 April 2016 called for further submissions in respect of a number of specific matters.

[14] Submissions were received from Business SA,Ai Group,AFEI,ABI and Finance Sector Union of Australia (FSU). Commissioner Roe held a conference on 26 May 2016 during which a number of further issues were resolved. In preparation for that conference a draft report was published on 12 May 2016. A further report was published by Commissioner Roe on 26 May 2016. A revised exposure draft and summary of submissions reflecting the progress made were published on 1 June 2016. In proceedings before Justice Ross on 6 and 7 June 2016 there was a further opportunity for parties to identify any outstanding issues. Commissioner Roe conducted a further conference on 20 July 2016 to consider the issues identified at the conference before Justice Ross. 10 Business SA provided a further submission for that conference on 15 July 2016. A further report was published by Commissioner Roe on 21 July 2016.

[15] The outstanding items in respect of this award relate to the use of the terminology ‘shiftwork penalties’and ‘shiftwork loadings’(see Items 18 and 27 in the summary of submissions). Ai Group support the use of the term ‘shift loading’rather than ‘shift penalty’in two clauses in this award. Ai Group addressed these matters in their submission of 31 August 2016 (relating to general issues in exposure drafts). This issue is also raised by Ai Group in respect to a number of other Awards. This general issue is dealt with in Section 3.8 of this decision (at paragraph [363]).

[16] We are satisfied that it is appropriate to make the changes agreed to by the parties (as outlined in the report to the Full Bench of 21 July 2016) and that there are no outstanding technical or drafting issues in respect to the latest exposure draft of this award. There are no substantive variation proposals which have not already been referred to a specially constituted Full Bench. A revised exposure draft reflecting the agreed position of the parties’will be published shortly and parties will be provided with a final opportunity to comment.

2.2 Business Equipment Award 2010

[17] On 18 December 2015 the Commission published an initial exposure draft based on the Business Equipment Award 2010 together with a comparison document showing the changes made to the structure and language in the award.  Interested parties were provided with an opportunity to file written submissions and submissions in reply on the drafting and technical issues in the exposure draft. Submissions were received from the following parties:

  • Ai Group

  • Business SA

  • AFEI

  • ABI

  • the Australian Municipal,Administrative,Clerical and Services Union (ASU)

  • AWU

[18] Commissioner Roe published a report on 22 April 2016 that set out the matters dealt with at a conference held on 21 April 2016. A number of issues raised were resolved at this conference and a further conference on 29 April 2016. A revised exposure draft was published on 27 April 2016 along with a summary of submission document. The report of 22 April 2016 called for further submissions in respect to a number of specific matters.

[19] Submissions were received from Business SA,Ai Group,AFEI,ABI and ASU. Commissioner Roe held a further conference on 26 May 2016 during which a number of further issues were resolved. In preparation for that conference a proposal was published on 2 May 2016 and a draft report was published on 12 May 2016. A further report was published by Commissioner Roe on 26 May 2016. A revised exposure draft and summary of submissions reflecting the progress made were published on 1 June 2016. In proceedings before Justice Ross on 6 and 7 June 2016 there was a further opportunity for parties to identify any outstanding issues. Commissioner Roe conducted a further conference on 20 July 2016 to consider the issues identified at the conference before Justice Ross. Business SA provided a further submission for that conference on 15 July 2016. A further report was published by Commissioner Roe on 21 July 2016.

[20] The outstanding items in respect to this award were items 5,6 and 57 in the summary of submissions report. Item 57 is a matter raised by the Ai Group concerning the Summary of Hourly Rates of pay tables and the heading concerning “ordinary hourly rates”. The Ai Group addressed this matter in their submission of 31 August 2016 relating to general issues in exposure drafts. This general issue is dealt with in Section 3.7 of this decision (at paragraph [353]).

[21] All parties at the relevant conferences agreed that Items 5 and 6 be determined on the basis of the written submission provided to date and we deal with these issues below.

(i) Item 5 (Clause 6.4(c)(ii))

[22] The issue is whether the terms ‘ordinary hourly rate’or ‘minimum hourly rate’should be used in Clause 6.4(c)(ii) of the award. It is not contested that the leading hand all-purpose allowance does apply to casual employees. What is in contest is whether the casual loading is applied to the minimum rate plus leading hand allowance. It was agreed that this matter should be determined by the Full Bench on the basis of the written submissions currently before us.

[23] Ai Group accept that the intention of the usage of ‘ordinary hourly rate’in the exposure draft is to require that the casual loading be applied to a rate that incorporates any all purposes allowance.

[24] In its September 2015 Decision,the Full Bench referred to the July 2015 Decision in the following terms.

‘[85] However in respect of the calculation of the casual loading vis-a-vis all purpose allowances,the Commission went on to say in the July 2015 decision:

[69] Some employer parties (e.g. Ai Group pp.12-13 re Cotton Ginning Award 2010 and more generally,pp.17-18) have submitted that where the current modern award states that the loading is calculated on "1/38th of the weekly award wage"or "1/38th of the minimum weekly rate",the casual loading should not be calculated based on the ordinary hourly rate that is they do not consider the all purpose allowance should be added to the minimum rate before the 25% is calculated. They submit that the casual loading is 25% of the minimum rate and added to the minimum hourly rate,then the all purpose allowance is added after that.

[70]1n our view it is desirable that there be a consistent rule relating to the calculation of a casual loading which should apply across all awards. Our provisional view is that the position of certain employer parties outlined above at paragraph [69] is the preferred option that should be adopted across all awards. That is,the casual loading will not be calculated based on the ordinary hourly rate. The casual loading will be calculated as 25% of the minimum rate,with any all purpose allowance being added after that.”’ 11

[25] The conclusion of the September 2015 Decision was the provisional view expressed in the July 2015 Decision would not be followed and,relevantly,said:

‘[102] We accept the submission that the provisional decision is inconsistent with the general approach adopted in the 2008 decision,namely that the casual loading should be applied to the ordinary time rate. Although what constituted the ordinary time rate was not the subject of express consideration in the 2008 decision,we consider it to be well understood that an allowance which is described as all purpose in nature is one that necessarily forms part of the ordinary time rate. That being the case,any departure from that approach proposed by the provisional decision must be justified by cogent reasons.’ 12

[26] The September 2015 Decision continued:

[106] The obligation in s.134(1) of the FW Act to ensure that modern awards provide a fair and relevant minimum safety net of terms and conditions carries with it a requirement (in s.134(1)(g)) to take into account “the need to ensure a simple,easy to understand,stable and sustainable modern award system …”. We accept that the adoption of a clear and consistent approach in relation to whether the casual loading should apply to all purpose allowances is desirable in the interests of simplicity and ease of understanding,although the particular circumstances of some awards may require special consideration. The question is whether the approach proposed by the provisional decision is the one which should be preferred in this respect.

….

[109] The concern which underlay the provisional decision was whether it was appropriate for certain allowances currently expressed as all-purpose allowances to be paid at an increased level for casual employees by reason of the application of the casual loading. Ultimately however we have concluded that to deal with this concern in the manner proposed by the provisional decision is too broad-brush an approach and involves conducting the analysis from the wrong starting point. We consider that the preferable approach is to permit reconsideration,on an award-by-award basis during the course of the 4-yearly review,as to whether any existing allowance should retain its “all purpose”designation or should be payable on some different basis.’ 13

[27] The Full Bench then reached the following conclusion:

‘[110] The general approach will remain as expressed in the exposure drafts,namely that the casual loading will be expressed as 25% of the ordinary hourly rate in the case of awards which contain any all purpose allowances,and will be expressed as 25% of the minimum hourly rate in awards which do not contain any such allowances.’ 14.

[28] The Ai Group submits that the present award requires that the all purpose payment be added to the minimum hourly rate plus the casual loading. The exposure draft requires the casual loading to be applied to the minimum hourly rate plus the all purpose payment. Ai Group argue that this is a substantive change which may have significant cost implications and suggest that the definition of “all purpose”could be altered to exempt the casual loading in relevant awards.

[29] The definition of “all purpose”and the issue of the use of “ordinary hourly rate”in respect to the casual loading in the case of awards which contain an all purpose allowance has been determined by a Full Bench. When that Full Bench made its decision it was conscious of the fact that current awards deal with this issue differently and decided that despite this a general approach should be adopted.

[30] The expression in the current award –‘1/38th of the weekly wage prescribed by this award for the work which the employee performs,plus 20%’–does not necessarily exclude all purpose allowances because the terms “weekly wage”and ‘minimum weekly wage’are not identical. It is not necessary to determine this matter.

[31] The award by award consideration referred to by the Full Bench and quoted above relates to questions “as to whether any existing allowance should retain its “all purpose”designation or should be payable on some different basis”. Ai Group is not arguing that the leading hand allowance in this award should lose its all purpose designation.

[32] We are not satisfied that we should depart from the general approach adopted by the September 2015 Full Bench. The exposure draft will not be varied.

(ii) Item 6 (Clause 6.4(c))

[33] The issue is whether in Clause 6.4(c) the expression “for the classification in which they are employed”should be used or the expression “for the work which the employee performs”. It was agreed that this matter should be determined by the Full Bench on the basis of the written submissions currently before us.

[34] Ai Group submit as follows:

‘The current award at clause 13.2 requires the payment of 1/38th of the weekly wage prescribed by the award “for the work which the employee performs”.’ 15

[35] That is,the rate at which the employee is to be paid is contingent upon the work performed. It is not based upon a pre-determination of the employee’s classification.

[36] Clause 6.4(c) of the Exposure Draft alters the effect of the current clause by associating the rate at which a casual employee is to be paid with “the classification in which they are employed”. This is despite the fact that,having regard to the relevant provisions of the award and the classification structure,a casual employee need not be employed at any specific classification.” 16

[37] We do not consider the expression “for the classification in which they are employed”excludes the possibility that a casual employee may be engaged in work covered by different classifications from time to time. We therefore do not consider that in this context there is any significant difference between the expression “for the classification in which they are employed”and the expression “for the work which the employee performs”. In the exposure drafts the expression “for the classification in which they are employed”has commonly been used in this context.

[38] However,we accept that the expression sought by the Ai Group provides sufficient clarity and we will vary the exposure draft accordingly. The expression “for the classification in which they are employed”will be replaced with the expression “for the work which the employee performs”in Clause 6.4(c).

[39] We are satisfied that it is appropriate to make the changes agreed to by the parties (as outlined in the further report to the Full Bench),and that there are no outstanding technical or drafting issues in respect to the latest exposure draft of this award. There are no substantive variation proposals which have not already been referred to a specially constituted Full Bench. A revised exposure draft reflecting this decision and the agreed position of the parties’will be published shortly and parties will be provided with a final opportunity to comment.

2.3 Commercial Sales Award 2010

[40] On 18 December 2015 the Commission published an initial exposure draft based on the Commercial Sales Award 2010 together with a comparison document showing the changes made to the structure and language in the award. Interested parties were provided with an opportunity to file written submissions and submissions in reply on the drafting and technical issues in the exposure draft. Submissions were received from the Ai Group,Business SA,AFEI,and ABI. Commissioner Roe published a report on 22 April 2016 that set out the matters dealt with at a conference held on 21 April 2016.  A number of issues raised were resolved at this conference and a further conference on 29 April 2016. A revised exposure draft was published on 27 April 2016 along with a summary of submission document. The Report of 22 April 2016 called for further submissions in respect to a number of specific matters. Submissions were received from Business SA,Ai Group,AFEI,ABI and ASU.

[41] A representative of a number of major media organisations 17 attended the conferences. Their concern particularly related to variations proposed in respect to annual leave which have been referred to the annual leave Full Bench. Commissioner Roe held a further conference on 26 May 2016 during which a number of further issues were resolved. In preparation for that conference a proposal was published on 2 May 2016 and a draft report was published on 12 May 2016. A further report was published by Commissioner Roe on 26 May 2016. A  revised exposure draft and summary of submissions reflecting the progress made were published on 1 June 2016. In proceedings before Justice Ross on 6 and 7 June 2016 there was a further opportunity for parties to identify any outstanding issues.

[42] We are satisfied that it is appropriate to make the changes agreed to by the parties (as outlined in the report to the Full Bench of 26 May 2016),and that there are no outstanding technical or drafting issues in respect to the latest exposure draft of this award. There are no substantive variation proposals which have not already been referred to a specially constituted Full Bench.

2.4 Coal Export Terminals Award 2010

[43] On 15 January 2016 the Commission published an exposure draft of the Coal Export Terminals Award 2010,together with a comparison document showing the changes to the structure and language in the award. Interested parties were invited to file submissions about drafting or technical issues in the exposure draft. Submissions were received from the Construction,Forestry,Mining and Energy Union (CFMEU) and the Coal Terminals Group (CTG),consisting of Hay Point Services Pty Limited,Port Kembla Coal Terminal Limited and Abbott Point Bulkcoal Pty Ltd. A conference was held in Sydney on 11 May 2016 attended by representatives of both organisations. Senior Deputy President Hamberger published a report to the Full Bench on 26 May 2016 that set out a number of proposed variations to the exposure draft that were agreed to by the parties,or which were sought by the CFMEU and for which the CTG had no submission to make. A number of variations that were not agreed were also set out.

[44] A further conference was held on 5 July 2016 to deal with the outstanding issues. A second report to the full bench was made by Senior Deputy President Hamberger on 10 August 2016. This report noted that the parties had subsequently reached agreement on the outstanding matters and outlined the agreed changes. We are satisfied that it is appropriate to make the changes agreed to by the parties (as outlined in the two reports to the Full Bench),and that there are no outstanding technical or drafting issues in respect of the Coal Export Terminals Award 2010. A revised exposure draft reflecting the agreed position of the parties’will be published shortly and parties will be provided with a final opportunity to comment.

2.5 Contract Call Centres Award 2010

[45] On 18 December 2015 the Commission published an initial exposure draft based on the Contract Call Centres Award 2010 together with a comparison document showing the changes made to the structure and language in the award. Interested parties were provided with an opportunity to file written submissions and submissions in reply on the drafting and technical issues in the exposure draft. Submissions were received from the Ai Group,AFEI,and ABI. The ASU and the Community and Public Sector Union (CPSU) also made proposals at the conferences. Commissioner Roe published a report on 22 April 2016 that set out the matters dealt with at a conference held on 21 April 2016. A number of issues raised were resolved at this conference and a further conference on 29 April 2016. A revised exposure draft was published on 27 April 2016 along with a summary of submission document.

[46] Submissions in reply were received from Ai Group,AFEI and ABI. Commissioner Roe held a further conference on 26 May 2016 during which a number of further issues were resolved. In preparation for that conference a draft report was published on 12 May 2016. A further report was published by Commissioner Roe on 26 May 2016. A revised exposure draft and summary of submissions reflecting the progress made were published on 1 June 2016. In proceedings before Justice Ross on 6 and 7 June 2016 there was a further opportunity for parties to identify any outstanding issues. Commissioner Roe conducted a further conference on 20 July 2016. A further report was published by Commissioner Roe on 21 July 2016 and an updated exposure draft was published on 16 August 2016.

[47] The only outstanding matter following the publication of the 16 August 2016 draft is the proposal to vary the classification structure in this Award to clarify the classification level of employees providing and developing on the job training. The relevant parties have held discussions and following a conference held on 2 September 2016 Ai Group and the CPSU reached an agreement on the appropriate amendments to the classification structure. The agreed proposal was distributed with a report published by Commissioner Roe on 19 May 2017 and a corrected version was published on 30 May 2017. In that report the following directions were published.

“Any interested party who wishes to make a submission about this proposal must do so by no later than 2 June 2017. It is proposed to deal with this matter on the basis of the submissions received by 2 June 2017. If there is any objection to this proposed course of action it should be received by no later than 2 June 2017.”

[48] No objections or submissions were received. The first change proposed is to insert an additional aspect of the definition for a “Principal Customer Contact Specialist”as follows:

“An employee at this level may provide on the job training instead of customer contact and assist with developing training programs where they are not receiving calls.”

[49] The second change proposed is to insert an additional indicative task for the “Customer Contact Team Leader”definition as follows:

“Develop and lead on the job training”

[50] We agree that it is both necessary and appropriate to vary the classification definitions to include on the job training. A revised exposure draft will be published to incorporate this variation. We are satisfied that it is appropriate to make the changes agreed to by the parties (as outlined in the further report to the Full Bench),and that there are no outstanding technical or drafting issues in respect to this Award. There are no substantive variation proposals which have not already been referred to a specially constituted Full Bench.

2.6 Electrical Power Industry Award 2010

[51] On 15 January 2016 the Commission published an exposure draft of the Electrical Power Industry Award 2010,together with a comparison document showing the changes to the structure and language of the award. On 3 March 2016 a separately constituted Full Bench issued a decision rejecting the insertion of an electrical licencing allowance into the award. 18 A conference was held in Sydney on 11 May 2016,attended by representatives of Ai Group,the ASU,the Communications,Electrical,Electronic,Energy,Information,Postal,Plumbing and Allied Services Union of Australia (CEPU),the CFMEU and the AWU. A report to the Full Bench on 25 May 2016 was made by Senior Deputy President Hamberger indicating proposed variations to the exposure draft that had the support of all the parties at the conference. There were no proposed variations still pressed that did not have the support of all the interested parties.

[52] We are satisfied that it is appropriate to make the changes agreed to by the parties (as outlined in the report to the Full Bench),and that there are no outstanding technical or drafting issues in respect of the Electrical Power Industry Award 2010. A revised exposure draft reflecting the agreed position of the parties’will be published shortly and parties will be provided with a final opportunity to comment.

2.7 Higher Education Industry–Academic Staff–Award 2010

[53] An exposure draft based on the Higher Education Industry–Academic Staff–Award 2010 was published on 18 December 2015. A conference was held before Commissioner Johns on 10 May 2016 to address the outstanding technical drafting issues raised by Australian Higher Education Industrial Association (AHEIA),National Tertiary Education Union (NTEU),and the Group of Eight Universities (Go8). Many outstanding issues were resolved at this conference. A revised exposure draft was published on 26 May 2016 reflecting parties agreed position and a further revised exposure draft published on 3 June 2016. The Commission adopts the agreed position of the parties as reflected in the further revised exposure draft of 3 June 2016.

[54] At the hearing before Justice Ross on 7 June 2016 it was acknowledged that there some are outstanding technical and drafting issues for this award. Parties were provided an opportunity to make submissions on the further revised exposure draft of 3 June 2016 to address any inaccuracies.

[55] The NTEU submitted that the second iteration of clause 9.4(a),rather than the first,of ‘marking as a supervising examiner’should be deleted. The NTEU reiterated their concern regarding consistency of the public holiday provision with the NES in exposure draft clause 16.2 Public Holiday substitution. 19

[56] Go8 agreed with NTEU submission regarding exposure draft clause 9.4(a) and submitted that the second issue,regarding public holiday provisions,was not inconsistent. However,it submitted that the issue needs to be addressed that it should be dealt with by this Full Bench. 20

[57] The NTEU is directed to respond to the Go8 submission that public holiday substitution should be dealt with by this Full Bench by Friday 28 July 2017.

[58] A number of substantive issues in this award were referred to a separately constituted Full Bench in AM2015/6 in October 2015. 21 Any outstanding technical and drafting issues will be finalised after the Full Bench hands down its decision on the remaining substantive matters.22

2.8 Higher Education Industry–General Staff–Award 2010

[59] An exposure draft based on the Higher Education Industry–General Staff–Award 2010 was published on 18 December 2015. A conference was held before Commissioner Johns on 10 May 2016 to address the outstanding technical drafting issues raised by Australian Higher Education Industrial Association (AHEIA),National Tertiary Education Union (NTEU),and the Group of Eight Universities (Go8). Most of the outstanding issues were resolved at this conference. A revised exposure draft was published on 27 May 2016 reflecting parties agreed position and a further revised exposure draft published on 3 June 2016.

[60] At hearing before Justice Ross on 7 June 2016 the outstanding technical and drafting issues for this award were discussed. Parties were provided an opportunity to make submissions on the exposure drafts published on 3 June 2016 to address any inaccuracies.

[61] The NTEU wrote to the Commission following the hearing to reiterate its concern that the exposure draft public holiday clause 20 was inconsistent with the NES.  23 Go8 addressed NTEU’s concern regarding public holiday provisions,submitting the clause was not inconsistent NES. However,Go8 submits that if the clause is to be addressed it should be dealt with by the 4 yearly review Group 3 Full Bench. 24

[62] The NTEU is directed to respond to the Go8 submission that public holiday substitution should be dealt with by this 3 Full Bench by Friday 28 July 2017.

[63] Go8 also made submissions regarding a drafting error with clause 16.5 of the exposure draft,proposing it be amended according to its submission which reflected what was agreed at conference. We agree with the Go8 proposal in respect of clause 16.5.

[64] A number of substantive issues in this award were referred to a separately constituted Full Bench in AM2015/6 in October 2015. 25 Any outstanding technical and drafting issues will be finalised after that Full Bench hands down its decision on the remaining substantive matters.26

2.9 Labour Market Assistance Industry Award 2010

[65] The Commission published an initial exposure draft based on the Labour Market Assistance Industry Award 2010 on 18 December 2015 together with a comparison document showing the changes made to the structure and language of the award. Interested parties were provided with an opportunity to file written submissions and submissions in reply on the drafting and technical issues in the exposure draft. 27 Submissions were received from AFEI,28 ABI,29 ASU30 and Jobs Australia31 and a summary of submissions was published on 23 May 2016. The matter was listed for mention on 6 June 2016 in order to:

(i) confirm that the published summary of submissions was accurate and reflected the parties’positions;

(ii) identify any submissions or variations agreed or withdrawn;and

(iii) identify whether any matters raised in submissions were of a substantive nature and required consideration by a specially constituted Full Bench.

[66] At the 6 June 2016 mention 32 the interested parties33 indicated that they would benefit from a conference to discuss the outstanding technical and drafting issues in relation to this award. In addition,the union parties were given seven days to clarify their positions.34 On 10 June 2016,correspondence was received from the ASU,in which it confirmed that the parties would benefit from conferencing to assist in working through the outstanding issues.35

[67] A revised summary of submissions was published on 27 June 2016 and on 30 June 2016 a conference was held to discuss the outstanding technical and drafting issues. 36 A Report to the Full Bench (the Labour Market Report) was issued on 6 July 2016 setting out the matters discussed at the 30 June 2016 conference.

[68] In respect of item 2 of the revised summary of submissions,all parties who appeared 37 at the conference were content with the wording of clause 6.3 of the exposure draft and AFEI (who did not appear) was given seven days to confirm their position. The Commission wrote to AFEI38 on 21 October 2016 and gave a deadline of 4.00 pm on Friday 28 October 2016 by which to provide a response. No response has been received.

[69] In the Labour Market Report,the Commission directed the parties to have further discussions in respect of items 8,10,11,12 and 14 of the revised summary of submissions and to report back to the Commission within 21 days. On 25 July 2016,the parties' joint report back 39 was filed and is summarised below:

(i) Items 8 and 10 (clause 11.2(b)(ii))

[70] The parties agreed that the clause in the exposure draft reflected the current award provision and prima facie a provision for overtime applied. As to the circumstances in which overtime is to be paid,the parties reported as follows:

‘…provision for an 8 hour payment,facilitation of the maximum of up to 10 ordinary hours for excursion activities and the overtime obligation for work in excess of ordinary hours’.

[71] Further,the parties proposed the following words be inserted at clause 11.2(b)(ii):

‘Except where an agreement has been made in accordance with clause 14.3,where an employee is required to work in excess of 10 ordinary hours per day during excursion activities,the employee is entitled to the overtime rates at clause 14.2.’

(ii) Items 11 and 12 (clause 14.2(c))

[72] The parties agreed that clause 20.2 of the exposure draft should be amended for consistency with clause 14.2(c) and had no further submissions in relation to the wording proposed for that clause.

[73] It was agreed that clause 14.2(c) of the exposure draft reflected the position under the current award. In addition,the parties proposed amendments to clauses 14.2(c)(i) and 14.2(c)(ii) to clarify how the overtime provision operated as follows:

(a) in relation to clause 14.2(c)(i) the parties proposed the following wording be inserted:

‘250% of the minimum hourly rate for work performed during the span of hours worked between 6.00 am and 8.00 pm,and not exceeding 10 hours in one day;and/or’.

(b) the parties proposed the following wording in respect of clause 14.2(c)(ii):

‘350% of the minimum hourly rate for work performed outside the span of hours worked between 6.00 am and 8.00 pm,or in excess of 10 hours in one day.’

(iii) Item 13 –ASU claim to clarify payment of leave loading on termination

[74] The ASU noted that the issue of payment of annual leave entitlements on termination is being dealt with by the Annual Leave Common Issue Full Bench (AM2014/47) but nevertheless advised it is continuing discussions with the Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU) regarding the next steps for dealing with the claim.

(iv) Item 14 –Jobs Australia proposal to vary the classification definitions

[75] ASU noted its interest in the Jobs Australia proposal 40 and advised it had no concerns with the proposal,as amended,following the parties’discussions. During the parties’discussions,the proposal was amended as follows:

(a) paragraph 8 was withdrawn and the parties agreed the exposure draft wording should be retained;and

(b) paragraph 9 was amended such that it is now proposed that the word ‘instruction’be replaced with the words ‘employment services’for consistency throughout the classification schedules.

[76] Items 5,6 and 7 of the revised summary of submissions were referred to the Part-time and Casual employment Full Bench in AM2014/196 and AM2014/197.

[77] Following receipt of the parties' joint report back there were no outstanding technical and drafting issues. A revised exposure draft reflecting the agreed position of the parties’will be published shortly and parties will be provided with a final opportunity to comment.

2.10 Local Government Industry Award 2010

[78] On 18 December 2015 the Commission published an initial exposure draft based on the Local Government Industry Award 2010. A conference was held to discuss the exposure draft on 27 April 2016. The parties agreed to a number of matters and a revised exposure draft was republished on 28 April 2016 to reflect these agreed changes.

[79] A further conference was held on 18 May 2016 to discuss the agreed changes made to the revised exposure draft published 28 April 2016 as well as to discuss any outstanding matters. A number of matters were agreed between the parties and a further revised exposure draft was republished on 26 May 2016 to reflect these agreed changes. The full bench adopts the changes as reflected in the further revised exposure draft.

[80] At the mention for the matter on 7 June 2016 parties were invited to consider the Report to the Full Bench published on 6 June 2016 together with the further revised exposure draft and advise the Commission of any outstanding issues. 41 

[81] Local Government NSW,on behalf of various local government associations,(jointly the LGA) wrote to the Commission on 14 June 2016 advising that there were a few outstanding amendments to consider in relation to trading names of default superannuation funds at clause 12.4 of the further revised exposure draft. On 26 May 2017 the Commission wrote to the LGA explaining that s.156(2)(c) of the Act provides that the Full Bench ‘must not review,or make a determination to vary,a default fund term of a modern award’as part of the 4 yearly review of modern awards. The LGA replied on 31 May 2017 stating they would withdraw this claim under the Review and intend making a similar claim under s.160,Variation of modern awards to remove ambiguity or uncertainty or correct error.

[82] There are no remaining drafting and technical issues to be resolved.

2.11 Marine Towage Award 2010

[83] On 15 January 2016 the Commission published an initial exposure draft based on the Marine Towage Award 2010 (the Marine Towage Award) together with a comparison document showing the changes made to the structure and language in the award. Interested parties were provided with an opportunity to file written submissions and submissions in reply on the drafting and technical issues in the exposure draft. 42 Submissions were filed by the Maritime Union of Australia (MUA)43 and Maritime Industry Australia Limited (MIAL)44 in relation to the drafting and technical issues. Submissions concerning substantive issues were filed by The Australian Maritime Officers’Union (AMOU),MIAL,MUA and Sea Swift. A summary of submissions was published by the Commission on 30 May 2016.

[84] The substantive issues raised (items 1,2 and 3 of the summary of submissions) were referred to a separately constituted Full Bench in matter AM2016/5 for determination. 45

[85] The Marine Towage Award was listed for mention on 6 June 2016 to:

(i) confirm that the published summary of submissions was accurate and reflected the parties’positions;

(ii) identify any submissions or variations agreed or withdrawn;and

(iii) identify whether any matters raised in submissions were of a substantive nature and required consideration by a specially constituted Full Bench.46

[86] The Australian Institute of Marine and Power Engineers (AIMPE),MIAL and the MUA appeared at the 6 June 2016 mention.

[87] Following the 6 June 2016 mention,a revised summary of submissions was published on 24 June 2016. A further conference was held in Sydney on 4 August 2016 (the August conference) to discuss the outstanding technical and drafting issues listed in the revised summary of submissions. 47 MIAL and the MUA appeared before the Commission at that conference.

[88] It was confirmed at the August conference that there were no outstanding technical and drafting issues remaining. 48

[89] Following the determination of the coverage matters by the AM2016/5 Full Bench,the Commission will publish a revised exposure draft. All questions will be removed from the revised exposure draft and the draft will be republished shortly and parties will be provided with a final opportunity to comment.

2.12 Market and Social Research Award 2010

[90] On 18 December 2015 the Commission published an initial exposure draft based on the Market and Social Research Award 2010 (the Market Research award) and a comparison document showing the changes made to the structure and language in the award. Interested parties were provided with an opportunity to file written submissions and submissions in reply on the drafting and technical issues in the exposure draft. 49 Ai Group was the only party to file material in the Commission in relation to the review of the the Market Research award. A summary of submissions was published by the Commission on 23 May 2016 and the award was listed for mention50 on 6 June 2016 to:

(i) confirm that the published summary of submissions was accurate and reflected the parties’positions;

(ii) identify any submissions or variations agreed or withdrawn;and

(iii) identify whether any matters raised in submissions were of a substantive nature and required consideration by a specially constituted Full Bench.

[91] Ai Group appeared at the 6 June 2016 mention and proposed that the award be listed for conference to discuss the issues listed in the summary of submissions. Following the mention,a revised summary of submissions was published on 27 June 2016 and on 30 June 2016 a conference was held to discuss the outstanding technical and drafting issues. 51

[92] At the conference,Ai Group withdrew its claim listed at item 10 of the revised summary of submissions. 52 A Report to the Full Bench (the Market Research Report) was published by the Commission on 6 July 2016 setting out what was discussed at the 30 June 2016 conference.53 In the Market Research Report,Ai Group was directed to file an amended submission by 4.00pm on Monday 8 July 2016 and on 4 July 2016 Ai Group filed its amended submission.54 No submissions were filed in reply.

[93] In their submission Ai Group withdrew a number of the issues previously raised. The remaining issues relate to: (i) Clauses 3.4 and 3.5—Coverage and (ii) Clause 6.5(c)(ii)—Casual loading

[94] The first issue re coverage is a matter that affects a number of exposure drafts and is dealt with later in paragraphs [334] to [340].

(i) Clause 6.5(c)(ii)–Casual loading

[95] Clause 6.5(c)(ii) of the exposure draft refers to the casual loading being paid instead of various “entitlements”of full-time or part-time employment. Ai Group submit that this is an oversimplification of the purpose of the casual loading and that the word “attributes”,which appears in the current award is more appropriate. We agree. The exposure draft will be revised to read:

‘The casual loading is paid instead of annual leave,personal/carer’s leave,notice of termination,redundancy benefits and the other entitlements attributes of full-time or part-time employment.’

(ii) Clause 7.2—Classifications

[96] Ai Group submit that the reference to Schedule B in the clause is an error. The clause should refer to Schedule A. We agree. The error will be corrected in the revised exposure draft.

(iii) Clause 8.5—Ordinary hours of work and rostering

[97] Clause 8.5 refers to the “casual hourly rate of pay set out in clause 9”. Ai Group submit that this cross-reference should be to clause 6.5(c). We agree. The error will be corrected in the revised exposure draft.

(iv) Clause 10.4(b)—Expenses reimbursement

[98] Ai Group contend that clause 10.4(b) of the exposure draft significantly broadens the scope of the expenses that must be reimbursed by the employer. Ai Group submit that the word “such”be inserted at the start of the clause to limit its application to the type of expenses referred to in clause 10.4(a). Clause 10.4(b) will be re-drafted to clarify that it only applies to the expenses in clause 10.4(a).

(v) Clause 13.1—Out of hours penalty

[99] In response to a question by the Commission,Ai Group submit that if the out of hours penalties were expressed as a percentage of the employees’minimum hourly rate instead of as a percentage of the standard rate,this would significantly increase existing payroll costs. Ai Group submit that the fixed model of compensation for such working hours should remain unchanged. The corresponding penalties in the pre-reform instrument 55 were expressed as a flat dollar amount. In the absence of any opposing submission,the amounts in clause 13.1 will continue to be set and adjusted by reference to the standard rate.

(vi) Clause 13.2—Out of hours penalty

[100] In response to a question by the Commission,Ai Group submits that the award does not presently provide for a quantum of time off that may be taken instead of the out of hours penalty,rather this is left to the discretion of the employer. This would amount to a substantive change which is unwarranted. No submissions were received proposing a change the clause 13.2 regarding time off instead of payment for the out of hours penalty. Consistent with the approach taken in AM2014/300 re Award flexibility and reflected in the model term inserted at clause 22.2 of the current award,the current wording will be retained.

(vii) Clause 23.1—Dispute Resolution procedure training leave

[101] In response to a question by the Commission,Ai Group submits the reference to the Workplace Relations Act 1996 (Cth) should be amended to the Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth). This change will be made in the revised exposure draft.

(viii) Schedule A.5—Door to door interviewer

[102] The exposure draft separates ‘Executive (face-to-face) interviewer’and ‘door-to-door interviewer’into separate paragraphs giving the impression that they are distinct classifications. Ai Group submit that the format in the current award where they appear as one sub-clause should be retained. The combination of these two classification definitions appears to have been a drafting error in the modern award and is inconsistent with the pre-reform instrument from which the classifications were derived 56. Given the two definitions can stand alone and do not necessarily apply to the same employee we will retain the separate definitions in clauses A.4 and A.5 of the exposure draft.

[103] A revised exposure draft will be published shortly and parties will be provided with a final opportunity to comment.

2.13 Miscellaneous Award 2010

[104] On 18 December 2015,the Commission published an initial exposure draft based on the Miscellaneous Award 2010 together with a comparison document showing the changes made to the structure and language in the award. Interested parties were provided with an opportunity to file written submissions and submissions in reply on the drafting and technical issues in the Exposure draft. 57 Submissions were filed by ABI,58 AFEI59 and Ai Group60 and on 23 May 2016 the Commission published a summary of submissions. The award was listed for mention on 6 June 2016.61 The CPSU,Ai Group and ABI appeared at the mention and confirmed that there were no outstanding technical and drafting issues in relation to this award.62

[105] A revised exposure draft will be published shortly and parties will be provided with a final opportunity to comment.

2.14 Pastoral Award 2010

[106] A separately constituted Full Bench has dealt with substantive claims in relation to this award in AM2015/23.  63 A large number of technical and drafting issues are before this Full Bench. Before turning to deal with the outstanding issues we set out the procedural steps taken to deal with the various technical/drafting issues.

[107] On 15 January 2016 the Commission published an initial exposure draft 64 based on the Pastoral Award 2010 (the Pastoral award) together with a comparison document65 showing the changes made to the structure and language in the award. Interested parties were provided with an opportunity to file written submissions and submissions in reply on the drafting and technical issues in the exposure draft.66 Submissions were received from ABI,67 AFEI,68 AWU,69 Business SA,70 and National Farmers’Federation (NFF)71 and a summary of submissions was published by the Commission on 30 May 2016 (listing some 119 items in contention).

[108] On 6 June 2016 the matter was listed for mention to:

(i) confirm that the published summary of submissions was accurate and reflected the parties’positions;

(ii) identify any submissions or variations agreed or withdrawn;and

(iii) identify whether any matters raised in submissions were of a substantive nature and required consideration by a specially constituted Full Bench.

[109] ABI,AFEI,Ai Group,AWU,Business SA and the NFF appeared at the 6 June 2016 mention. 72

[110] After the mention,a revised summary of submissions 73 was published on 4 July 2016 and a conference was held on the same date to deal with the remaining 43 outstanding technical and drafting issues listed in the revised summary of submissions.74 Following that conference,a Statement75 attaching a revised exposure draft and further revised summary of submissions was issued on 17 August 2016. That Statement provided an update as to the status of the review of the award and included a list of the outstanding technical and drafting issues. A further conference76 was held on 24 August 2016 to discuss further directions in relation to the outstanding technical and drafting matters and,following that conference,the Commission issued a Statement and directions.77 The parties were directed to confirm the accuracy of the revised exposure draft and the revised summary of submissions set out in the attachments to the 17 August 2016 Statement and in doing so,were asked to identify:

(i) which,if any,technical and drafting claims are being pursued;

(ii) which,if any,technical and drafting claims are withdrawn (if not already so identified);and

(iii) whether a party contends that a clause in the revised Exposure Draft has a different legal effect to the corresponding clause in the Pastoral award. If so,how it has been changed.

[111] In addition,draft directions setting out the process for dealing with any outstanding technical and drafting matters identified were set out at Attachment A to the Statement. 78 Parties were asked to file any comments in relation to the draft directions by Wednesday 28 September 2016 and were also asked to confirm which if any of the tasks the Commission agreed to undertake at the conference held on 4 July 201679 were still required. The tasks the Commission agreed to undertake were as follows:

(i) prepare a document comparing the current coverage clause with the coverage clauses in the other agricultural awards 80 and identify any differences;81

(ii) prepare a document identifying all inconsistencies throughout the current award in relation to the General Employment Conditions; 82

(iii) prepare a short paper summarising the parties’respective positions in relation to items 30 and 62 of the revised summary of submissions and provide additional background information on the history of the provision if available; 83 and

(iv) research and publish findings on the relevant award history of clause 14.4(a)(i) of the revised Exposure Draft (that is,clause 23.4 of the current award). 84

[112] Submissions were filed in response to the Statement and Directions 85 by ABI86 and the NFF.87 ABI confirmed it was not pursuing any claims and that it would file submissions in response to the other parties’outstanding claims if not resolved prior. 88 ABI also pointed out that the Commission had indicated it would undertake research and release its findings in relation to item 26 (relating to the payment of the first aid allowance) and item 65 (relating to payment for public holidays) of the further revised summary of submissions.

[113] Research has been undertaken relating to the payment of the first aid allowance and will be published concurrently with this decision. If any party wishes to pursue the issue they are directed to file a short written submission by no later than 4.00 pm on Friday 28 July 2017. The issue in relation to the payment for public holidays is dealt with at paragraph [155]- [158] of this decision.

[114] The NFF submitted that the revised exposure draft did not reflect its submissions of 16 June 2016 in relation to the facilitative provisions clause and submitted that it had previously proposed that a number of additional terms be identified as facilitative provisions. 89 The NFF pressed for the inclusion of the following terms:90

Clause

Provision

Agreement between an employer and:

6.4(d)

Part-time employment

An individual

6.5(e)

Casual employees

An individual

30.3

Spread of ordinary hours

An individual

40.9(d)(iv)

Woolclassers and Shearing shed experts

An individual

42.1(e)

Fares and travelling allowances for expeditionary employees

An individual

43.4(a)(ii)

Special conditions regarding the hours of work of Shearers and Crutchers

An individual

[115] No further submissions have been received in relation to the facilitative provisions clause. We will include the additional terms as proposed by the NFF.

[116] The NFF also submits that several clauses of the exposure draft no longer have the same legal effect as the current award (in particular items 84,86 and 95 in the revised summary of submissions). We return to these items later.

[117] In addition,the NFF confirmed it was pursuing some 24 items 91 and that the remaining items in the revised summary of submissions that were listed as ‘not agreed’remained outstanding to the extent that the party making the claim was still pursuing it.92

[118] Final directions setting out the process for dealing with the outstanding technical and drafting matters were issued on Wednesday 5 October 2016. 93 The following submissions and submissions in reply were received in accordance with those directions:

(i) Shearing Contractors Association of Australia (SCAA) –submission in reply,20 October 2016;

(ii) NFF –submission –outstanding claims,26 October 2016;

(iii) NFF –submission in reply,23 November 2016;and

(iv) AWU –submission in reply,23 November 2016.

[119] The issues listed at items 3,4 and 116 of the revised summary of submissions,and relating to coverage –specifically the definition of ‘wine industry’–were resolved at the conference of 4 July 2016. 94

[120] Similarly,the issues in relation to full-time employment and part-time employment listed at items 11 and 13 respectively were resolved at the same conference. 95 The NFF confirmed it is not opposed to the proposed amended wording of clause 24.3 of the exposure draft in relation to the ‘with keep rate’(item 42) and no other parties have objected.96 The revised exposure draft published on 17 August 2016 reflects the agreed position in relation to these items.97 The NFF has withdrawn items 41 and 66 in their entirety.98 The issue at item 41 is linked to items 51 and 66 and was resolved in conference.99 Further,the NFF has amended its claim concerning when overtime rates are payable for weekend work (item 49 of the revised summary of submissions) such that it has withdrawn its submissions in relation to clauses 32.2,33.1 and schedules B.4.1 and B.4.2 to B.4.5 of the exposure draft.100 We will return to item 49 shortly.

[121] The SCAA filed a submission in reply on 20 October 2016 proposing four new variations to the award that had not been canvassed at an earlier stage of the review. 101 Both the NFF and the AWU argued that it was not appropriate to deal with the new claims at this late stage of the review of the award. The Commission wrote to the SCAA on 12 June 2017 seeking clarification of its position in relation to the additional claims and,in correspondence dated 13 June 2016 the SCAA confirmed that they no longer wished to pursue the additional matters.

[122] We now turn to the remaining issues in dispute.

Item 9:Part 2 –General employment conditions

[123] In the exposure draft the Commission asked the parties to consider whether clarification was required in circumstances where there may be a conflict between the operation of a term in Part 2 –General employment conditions - and a term in one of the particular occupation streams.

[124] On 6 October 2016,the Commission’s research area published a document identifying potential inconsistencies102 between the general employment conditions and occupation streams in the current award in relation to the following clauses in the current award:

(i) clauses 10.3 and 30.1 –station cooks and part-time rates

(ii) clauses 17 and 29 –provision of a saddle

(iii) clauses 17.2 and 36.10 –overtime meal breaks for piggery attendants

(iv) clauses 17.4 and 46 –sleeping quarters not provided for shearers

(v) clauses 26 and 38.3 –public holidays for piggery attendants

[125] The AWU in its reply submission responds to each potential issue identified. 103 No other party commented upon the potential conflicts identified the Commission’s research document.

(i) clauses 10.3 and 30.1 –station cooks and part-time rates

[126] Clause 10.3(f) of the current award states:

‘10. Types of employment

10.3 Part-time employment

(f) All time worked in excess of the hours mutually arranged will be overtime and paid for at the appropriate overtime rate.’

[127] Clause 30 of the current award states:

‘30 Ordinary hours of work and rostering

30.1 The average ordinary working hours for a Farm and livestock hand will be fixed by agreement between the employer and the employees but will not exceed an average of 38 hours per week over a four week period.

30.2 The ordinary hours of work of Farm and livestock hands (other than Station cooks) will not exceed 152 hours in any consecutive period of four weeks.

30.3 Station cooks

(a) A cook who is required to work for more than five and a half days in any one week will be paid,in addition to the weekly wage of this award,the following overtime rates:

(i) for work on six full days—an amount of 3/22nds of the appropriate weekly rate;

(ii) for work on six full days and one half day—an amount equal to 3/11ths of the appropriate weekly rate;or

(iii) for work on seven full days—an amount equal to 9/22nds of the appropriate weekly rate.

(b) No overtime will be worked nor will an employee perform work on the employee’s day and/or half day off without the permission of or under the instructions of the employer or their authorised representative.’

[128] The following potential conflict was identified in respect of clauses 10.3(f) and 30.1:

‘Clause 10.3(f) provides that ‘all time worked in excess of mutually arranged hours will be overtime’for a part-time employee. The overtime provision at clause 31 appears to apply to farm and livestock hand employees only. A station cook employee appears to be excluded from the overtime provisions in clause 31. Overtime rates for station cook employees are provided at clause 30.3 and are paid where the employee works for more than five and a half days in one week. It is unclear what a part-time station cook would be paid.’

[129] The AWU makes the following submissions in relation to the potential conflict between clauses 10.3 and 30.1:

‘The AWU considers a part-time station cook would be entitled to overtime as per clause 10.3 (f) and clauses 31.1 and 31.2 of the Award.

Clause 31.1 defines overtime and indicates it applies when in excess of the ordinary hours in clause 30.1 are worked. Station cooks are not excluded from clause 30.1 –they are only excluded from clause 30.2.

Given a station cook is classified as a Farm and livestock hand Level 1 –they are not prevented from accessing the overtime rates in clause 31.2. The definition of “Farm and livestock hand”in clause 3.1 of the Award also does not exclude a station cook.’ 104

[130] Our provisional view is to accept the AWU’s submission. We will seek further submissions in response to our provisional view.

(ii) clauses 17 and 29 –provision of a saddle

[131] Clause 17.2(a)(i) currently states:

‘17. Allowances

17.2 Expense-related allowances

(a) Tool and equipment allowance

(i) Where the employer requires employees to supply their own tools and equipment,the employer must reimburse the employees for the cost of supplying such tools and equipment.

(ii) The provisions of this clause do not apply where the tools and equipment are paid for by the employer.’

[132] Clause 29.1 of the current awards states:

‘29. Special allowances

29.1 Where a Station hand is required by the employer to find their own horse and/or saddle,the employee will be paid a weekly allowance of $7.11 for the horse,and a weekly allowance of $5.68 for the saddle.’

[133] The following potential conflict was identified in respect of clauses 17 and 29 of the current award (relating to the provision of a saddle):

‘If the employer requires the employee to purchase their own saddle for use on a horse,is the employee entitled to reimbursement pursuant to clause 17.2(a)(i) and to the weekly allowance of $5.68 pursuant to clause 29.1? The interaction between clauses 17 and 29 is unclear.’

[134] The AWU submits that where an employee is required to supply their own horse and purchase their own saddle,the employee will be entitled to be reimbursed for the cost of the horse (under clause 17.2) and also paid the weekly allowances prescribed under clause 29.1. 105 The AWU submits:

‘Clause 17.2 is concerned with the cost of supply and clause 29.1 is concerned with the additional task of finding one’s own horse and saddle.’ 106

[135] Our provisional view is that where a station hand is required by the employer to supply their own saddle,and the employee does not own a saddle and must purchase one,then the employee is to be reimbursed for the cost of purchasing the saddle (under clause 17(a)(i)). But in such circumstances the employee is not also entitled to receive the allowance specified in clause 29.1. It seems to us that the saddle allowance is intended to cover wear and tear and depreciation over time. It does not seem reasonable to apply such an allowance in circumstances where the employer has reimbursed the employee for the full cost of the saddle.

[136] We can see no reasonable basis for the AWU’s contention that the allowance specified in clause 29.1 is for the purpose of compensating an employee for ‘the additional task of finding one’s own…saddle’.

[137] We will seek further submissions in response to our provisional view and on the question of whether an amendment is required to clause 29.1 to make clear that the allowance is not payable if a station hand has been reimbursed by the employer for the cost of purchasing a saddle (pursuant to clause 17(a)(i)).

(iii) clauses 17.2 and 36.10 –overtime meal breaks for piggery attendants

[138] Clause 17.2(c)(ii) of the current award states:

‘17.2 Expense-related allowances

(c) Meal allowance

(i) If an employee is required to work overtime after working ordinary hours (except where the period of overtime is fewer than one and a half hours),the employee will be paid $12.93 for the first and any subsequent meals. Alternatively,the employer may supply the employee with a meal.

(ii) An employee required to work overtime for more than two hours after the employee's ordinary ceasing time without having been notified before leaving work on the previous day that the employee will be required to work overtime,will be provided free of cost with a suitable meal,and if the work extends into a second meal break,another meal,provided that in the event of the meal not being supplied the employee is entitled to a payment of $12.93 for each meal not supplied.’

[139] Clause 36.10 of the current award states:

‘36.10 Where overtime is unplanned and not notified the day or days beforehand,a payment will be made of $12.93 after two hours of overtime if work will continue beyond the meal break. Alternatively the employer may supply the employee with a meal.’

[140] The Commission identified the following potential conflict in respect of clauses 17.2(c)(ii) and 36.10:

‘If a pig breeding and raising employee works overtime that he/she was not notified of the previous day,and the overtime extends to a second meal break,is the employee entitled to a second meal in accordance with clause 17.2(ii) or limited to one in accordance with clause 36.10?’

[141] The AWU submits that clause 36.10 is not limited to one allowance or meal. It submits that:

‘When unplanned overtime is worked,an employee receives a payment or a meal after two hours of overtime if work will continue beyond the meal break. This applies after each two hours of overtime if work will continue after the meal break.’ 107

[142] The AWU’s submission appears to be a logical reconciliation of the two clauses and is consistent with the terms of such provisions in other modern awards (see Attachment D). However,it seems to us that the terms of clauses 17.2(c)(ii) and 36.10 are far from clear and in our view should be redrafted in plain language. It is necessary to first attempt to determine what entitlements the clauses are intended to provide.

[143] It appears that clause 17.2(c) provides that an employee is entitled to a meal allowance in the following circumstances:

  • the employee is required to work overtime after their ordinary ‘ceasing time’on a particular day;

  • the employee works ‘more than two hours’overtime

  • the employee is not ‘provided free of cost with a suitable meal’;and

  • the employee was not notified of the requirement to work overtime ‘before leaving work the previous day’.

[144] In addition,if the overtime work ‘extends into a second meal break’then a further meal allowance would be payable (provided that the circumstances set out above have been met).

[145] But clause 17.2(c) is unclear in a number of respects. In particular,the meal allowance is payable where an employee works ‘more than two hours’overtime,which simply begs the question,how much more? Nor is it clear when an employee is entitled to a second meal allowance. The clause appears to provide for the payment of a further allowance in circumstances where the overtime ‘extends into a second meal break’,but it does not specify when overtime can be said to extend into a ‘second meal break’. Is it after a further two hours? Or a longer period?

[146] Clause 36.10 also lacks clarity. It appears to provide for the payment of a meal allowance in circumstances where an employee is not notified of the request to work overtime (‘the day or days beforehand’) and the employer does not provide the employee with a meal. But the amount of overtime required to be worked to qualify for payment of the meal allowance is unclear. The clause states that the allowance is payable ‘after two hours of overtime if work will continue beyond the meal break’. What this means is anyone’s guess. The award is silent on when ‘the meal break’would be required and hence one cannot determine whether the overtime ‘will continue beyond the meal break’.

[147] It seems to us that the meaning of the existing provisions needs to be clarified before we can attempt to reconcile any conflict between the provisions.

[148] A further conference will be convened in an effort to clarify the intended operation of clauses 17.2(c)(ii) and 36.10. It seems to us that these clauses need to be redrafted to clearly specify the circumstances in which an employee is entitled to a meal allowance (i.e. after a specified number of hours of overtime work,such as two hours overtime) and any further meal allowance (such as working a further two hours overtime). To assist the parties we have attached (at Attachment D) a table which summarises the overtime meal allowance provisions in modern awards.

(iv) clauses 17.4 and 46 –sleeping quarters not provided for shearers

[149] Clause 17.4(c)(iii) of the current award states:

‘17.4 All-purpose allowances

(c) Travelling allowance

(iii) Where an employee is compelled by their duties to spend the night away from home or the property at which the employee is employed (whichever is the employee’s normal place of sleeping during employment),the employer will reimburse the employee for the demonstrable cost of suitable accommodation.’

[150] Clause 46.1(b) of the current award states:

‘46. Special allowances (other than Woolclassers Special allowances (other than Woolclassers and Shearing shed experts)

46.1 Allowance where sleeping quarters are not provided

Where the employee does not reside during a shearing (or crutching) at the employee’s home or usual place of residence and the employee is forced to obtain and pay for sleeping quarters away from the employer’s premises because the employer is unable to provide sleeping quarters at the premises for the employee,the employer will:

(a) arrange for sleeping quarters for the employee to be supplied elsewhere at the employer’s expense;or

(b) pay to the employee an allowance of 259.4% of the standard rate per night for each night during the employee’s employment that the employee is so forced to obtain and pay for sleeping quarters;and

(c) where the distance is one kilometre or more walking distance between the employee’s sleeping quarters and the shed,provide or pay for the transport of the employee between the sleeping quarters and the shed.’

[151] The following potential conflict was identified in respect of clauses 17.4 and 46.1(b):

Where a shearing operations employee (other than woolclasser or shearing shed expert) is required to spend the night away from home is the allowance under clause 46.1(b) payable instead of the reimbursement payable under clause 17.4(c)(iii)?

[152] The AWU submits an employee is not ordinarily entitled to the allowance in clause 46.1(b) and the allowance in 17.4(c)(iii),however submits there may be an exceptions where an employee is:

‘directed to travel again during the shearing or crutching meaning they cannot stay in the sleeping quarters they have obtained and paid for.’ 108

[153] We agree with the AWU that an employee is not entitled to the benefit of both clauses,that is,employee’s cannot claim reimbursement for ‘the demonstrable cost of suitable accommodation’(under clause 17(c)(ii)) and the allowance specified under clause 46.1. As to the exception referred to by the AWU it seems to us that in such circumstances the employee may be entitled to the allowance specified in clause 46.1(c) as they have been ‘forced to obtain and pay for sleeping quarters’and hence qualify for the payment of the allowance.

[154] It is unclear whether the AWU is seeking a specific amendment to the award to deal with the exception to which it refers. We will provide the AWU with an opportunity to clarify its intentions in this regard.

(v) clauses 26 and 38.3 –public holidays for piggery attendants

[155] Clause 26.2 of the current award states:

‘26.2 Substitution of certain public holidays by agreement at the enterprise

(a) By agreement between the employer and the majority of employees in the enterprise or part of the enterprise concerned,an alternative day may be taken as the public holiday instead of any of the prescribed days.

(b) An employer and an individual employee may agree to the employee taking another day as the public holiday instead of the day which is being observed as the public holiday in the enterprise or part of the enterprise concerned.’

[156] Clause 38.3 of the current award states:

‘38. Payment for public holidays

38.3 By agreement between an employer and the employees,time off instead of payment for public holidays may be accrued for public holiday work. That is,the employee will receive ordinary time payment for the hours worked on the said holiday and accrue time to be taken at a mutually agreed time.’

[157] The following potential conflict was identified in respect of clauses 26.2 and 38.3:

Clause 38.3 appears as though for an employee to accrue time off instead of payment for working on a public holiday an agreement between the majority of employees is first required (‘agreement between an employer and the employees’). The same clause appears to allow the timing of taking TOIL to be determined by the employer and individual employee (‘a mutually agreed time’). Does clause 38 wholly supersede clause 26 insofar as it applies to piggery attendants?

[158] The AWU submits there is no conflict in respect of clauses 26 and 38.3 for the following reasons:

‘Clause 26 determines when a public holiday is observed.

Clause 38 is concerned with payment for public holidays for piggery attendants.

Clause 38.3 allows a TOIL system to be applied for work on public holidays by agreement. If the TOIL system is agreed,the individual employee can then determine whether to utilise it and when to take the time off.’ 109

[159] Our provisional view is to accept the AWU’s submission,the clauses are directed at different subject matters. We will seek further submissions in response to our provisional view.

[160] We now turn to the remaining outstanding issues requiring determination. The item numbers listed below correspond with the item numbers in the revised summary of submissions document published on 17 August 2016.

Item 10:clause 6.1 –Types of employment

[161] The NFF submits that the proposed new term at clause 6.1 of the exposure draft (types of employment) ‘duplicates existing terms and may have unintended consequences’. 110 Clause 6.1 of the exposure draft is in the following terms:

6.1 Employees under this award will be employed in one of the following categories:

(a) full-time;

(b) part-time;or

(c) casual.’

[162] The NFF submits that ‘the new term limits the categories of employment’because the exception for casual pieceworkers in clause 10.4(c) of the current award is not replicated in the proposed clause 6.1 of the exposure draft. 111

[163] Clause 10.4(c) of the current award is in the following terms:

(c) A casual employee other than a casual pieceworker must be paid per hour at the rate of 1/38th of the weekly rate prescribed for the class of work performed,plus 25%.’

[164] The NFF proposes that the following amendments to clauses 6.5(a) and (b) would address its concern (changes tracked):

(a) Except in the case of pieceworkers, A a casual employee is an employee engaged as such and paid by the hour.

(b) Except in the case of pieceworkers, An an employee who does not meet the definition of a part-time employee in clause 6.4(a) and who is not a full-time employee will be paid as a casual employee in accordance with clause 6.5.’ 112

[165] The AWU submits that the NFF’s proposed amendments to clauses 6.5(a) and (b) would ‘expand the scope of the current piecework provisions’and create ambiguity in respect of which employees may work on a piecework basis. 113 Further,it emphasised that the current award and the exposure draft confine piecework arrangements to specific occupations covered by the award.114 It highlighted the importance of ensuring that the term ‘casual pieceworker’is used in clause 6 of the exposure draft rather than ‘pieceworker’as only the former term is a defined term in the award and exposure draft.115 The AWU submits that the purpose of having ‘casual pieceworker’as a defined term is to confine piecework arrangements to shearers,crutchers and woolpressers who are engaged on a casual basis.116

[166] We agree with the AWU’s contention that ‘piecework is not a distinct type of employment but rather a method of payment for an employee engaged on a casual basis in the prescribed occupations’. 117 It follows that we do not propose to make the changes sought by the NFF.

Item 18:clause 6.6(a) –Farm and livestock hand at shearing or crutching

[167] The NFF submits that the wording in clause 10.5 of the current award should be retained as it is ‘simpler and easier to understand’than the proposed clause 6.6 of the exposure draft. 118 In its submission of 5 May 2016,the AWU submits that the wording in the exposure draft is clearer and should be incorporated into the award. No further submissions were made in relation to this issue. The relevant clauses are set out below.

[168] Clause 10.5 of the current award is as follows:

10.5 Farm and livestock hand at shearing or crutching

Notwithstanding anything else contained in this award,Part 7—Shearing Operations of the award will not apply to any employee engaged to work on a weekly basis under Part 4—Broadacre Farming and Livestock Operations during any time the employee is employed in shearing or crutching operations of the principal employer. Provided that this clause will not apply to any Farm and livestock hand engaged by the week who works in the employer’s shearing shed and who has been engaged by the employer during the period commencing one week before the actual shearing or crutching begins and who is discharged during the week after the shearing or crutching actually ends. In such case,the employee will be paid station hand rates when performing work covered by Part 4 of this award and shearing rates when performing work covered by Part 7 of this award.’

[169] Clause 6.6(a) of the exposure draft is in the following terms:

6.6 Farm and livestock hand at shearing or crutching

(a) Subject to clause 6.6(b),during any time an employee engaged on a weekly basis under Part 5—Broadacre Farming and Livestock Operations is employed in shearing or crutching operations of the principal employer,Part 8—Shearing Operations will not apply.

(b) Exception

(i) Clause 6.6(a) will not apply to any farm and livestock hand engaged by the week who:

  • works in the employer’s shearing shed;and

  • who has been engaged by the employer during the period commencing one week before the actual shearing or crutching begins;and

  • who is discharged during the week after the shearing or crutching actually ends.

(ii) In this case,the employee will be paid station hand rates when performing work covered by Part 5 of this award and shearing rates when performing work covered by Part 8 of this award.’

[170] Contrary to the NFF’s submission we do not agree with the proposition that clause 10.5 of the current award is ‘simpler and easier to understand’than clause 6.6 of the exposure draft. The proposed clause 6.6 is plainly a clearer exposition of the substance of the existing somewhat ‘text dense’clause and there is no suggestion that the legal effect of the clause has been altered. We propose to adopt clause 6.6,with a slight variation to clause 6.6(b)(ii),to delete the words ‘this case’and insert ‘the circumstances set out in clause 6.6(b)(i). The revised clause 6.6 will be as follows:

6.6 Farm and livestock hand at shearing or crutching

(a) Subject to clause 6.6(b),during any time an employee engaged on a weekly basis under Part 5—Broadacre Farming and Livestock Operations is employed in shearing or crutching operations of the principal employer,Part 8—Shearing Operations will not apply.

(b) Exception

(i) Clause 6.6(a) will not apply to any farm and livestock hand engaged by the week who:

  • works in the employer’s shearing shed;and

  • who has been engaged by the employer during the period commencing one week before the actual shearing or crutching begins;and

  • who is discharged during the week after the shearing or crutching actually ends.

(ii) In this case In the circumstances set out in clause 6.6(b)(i),the employee will be paid station hand rates when performing work covered by Part 5 of this award and shearing rates when performing work covered by Part 8 of this award.’

Item 26:clause 10.1(c) –first aid allowance

[171] The AWU submits that the wording in the exposure draft ‘conveys that the employee would have to actually carry out first aid duties to receive the allowance’and propose amending the clause. 119 The AWU’s proposed amendments read as follows (changes tracked):

‘An employee appointed by their employer to perform first aid duty as required in addition to their usual duties,and holding a current recognised first aid qualification,such as one from St John Ambulance or similar body,must be paid an allowance of $2.55 per day to carry out such work.’

[172] Business SA supports the AWU’s position. 120

[173] The NFF noted the AWU’s concerns however submits that clause 10.1(a)(ii) of the exposure draft makes clear that the allowance is payable for all purposes. 121

[174] No further submissions were made in relation to this issue.

[175] The relevant aspects of clause 10 –Allowances of the exposure draft are as follows:

10.1 Wage related allowances

(a) All purpose allowances

Allowances paid for all purposes are included in the rate of pay of an employee who is entitled to the allowance,when calculating any penalties or loadings or payment while they are on annual leave. The following allowances are paid for all purposes under this award:

(ii) first aid allowance (clause 10.1(b)(ii)) …

(c) First aid allowance

An employee appointed by their employer to perform first aid in addition to their usual duties,and holding a current recognised first aid qualification,such as one from St John Ambulance or similar body,must be paid an allowance of $2.55 per day to carry out such work.’

[176] The comparable provisions in the current award are as follows:

17.4 All-purpose allowances

The following allowances apply for all purposes of this award:

(b) First aid allowance

An employee designated by the employer to render first aid in addition to his or her usual duties and who is the current holder of a recognised first aid qualification,such as one from St John Ambulance or a similar body,must be paid a daily allowance of 14% of the standard rate to carry out such work.’

[177] As mentioned earlier,some research in relation to the first aid allowance will be published concurrently with this decision.

[178] It is our provisional view that the AWU’s proposed amendment be accepted. We will provide an opportunity for interested parties to make further submissions in respect of our provisional view if they wish to do so.

Items 30 and 62:clauses 10.2(d) and 32.7 –overtime meal allowance

[179] In the exposure draft,parties were asked to clarify how clauses 10.2(d)(i) and (ii) interact and specifically whether clause 10.2(d)(i) only applies when an employee has been notified that they are required to work overtime.

[180] The relevant provisions of the exposure draft and the current award are set out in the table below:

Current award

Exposure draft

17.2

(c) Meal allowance

(i) If an employee is required to work overtime after working ordinary hours (except where the period of overtime is fewer than one and a half hours),the employee will be paid $12.93 for the first and any subsequent meals. Alternatively,the employer may supply the employee with a meal.

10.2

(d) Overtime meal allowance

(i) If an employee is required to work overtime after working ordinary hours (except where the period of overtime is less than one and a half hours):

•the employee will be paid $12.93 for the first and any subsequent meals;or

•the employer will supply the employee with a meal.

(ii) An employee required to work overtime for more than two hours after the employee's ordinary ceasing time without having been notified before leaving work on the previous day that the employee will be required to work overtime,will be provided free of cost with a suitable meal,and if the work extends into a second meal break,another meal,provided that in the event of the meal not being supplied the employee is entitled to a payment of $12.93 for each meal not supplied.

(ii) An employee required to work overtime for more than two hours after the employee's ordinary finishing time without having been notified before leaving work on the previous day that they will be required to work overtime:

•will be provided with a suitable meal free of cost;and

•if the work extends into a second meal break,another meal;or

•in the event of the meal not being supplied the employee is entitled to a payment of $12.93 for each meal not supplied.

36.5 If an employee is required to work overtime after working ordinary hours on Monday to Friday (except where the period of overtime is less than one hour and a half) the employee will be paid $12.93 for the first and any subsequent meals. Alternatively the employer may supply the employee with a meal.

Clause 36.5 doesn’t appear to have been transposed to the exposure draft.

36.10 Where overtime is unplanned and not notified the day or days beforehand,a payment will be made of $12.93 after two hours of overtime if work will continue beyond the meal break. Alternatively the employer may supply the employee with a meal.

32.7 Overtime meal allowance

    (a) Where overtime is unplanned and not notified the day or days beforehand,a payment will be made of $12.93 after two hours of overtime if work will continue beyond the meal break. Alternatively the employer may supply the employee with a meal.

[181] The NFF submits that because ordinary hours are averaged over a four week period,the obligation to pay overtime meal allowances under clause 10.2(d)(i) of the exposure draft will only arise once in every four weeks,regardless of whether the employee was notified on the previous day that overtime would be worked. 122 It contends that for this reason,clause 10.2(d)(ii) is only relevant in the limited circumstances where there is an ordinary finishing time and that this is not the case for the majority of farming operations.123

[182] In addition,the NFF submits that the meal allowance requirements in the award should be reviewed for relevance to the pastoral industry. 124 It submits that they are not arrangements of long standing,and that they duplicate other provisions in the award that deal with the provision of board and lodging,mess and cook.125 The NFF agree with the AWU submission (outlined below) in the sense that the two clauses ‘overlap considerably’but do not go so far as to say,as the AWU does,that the clauses ‘conflict’. Further,the NFF submits that similar provisions in the Pastoral award provide that the entitlement to the meal allowance for overtime becomes due after an employee has worked two hours of overtime.126 It submits that ‘unless there is a particular historical reason to retain the existing terms in full’the Pastoral award should be amended such that the entitlement to the allowance is enlivened after the employee has worked two hours of overtime. We will return to this submission shortly.127

[183] The AWU submits that the two clauses overlap and conflict,and propose that clause 10.2(d)(i) be amended to read as follows (changes tracked):

If an An employee is required to work overtime after working ordinary hours (except where the period of overtime is less for more than one and a half hours): after working ordinary hours

  • the employee will be paid $12.93 for the first and any subsequent meals;or

  • the employer will supply the employee will be provided with a suitable meal free of cost for the first and any subsequent meals.

This clause does not apply to piggery attendants who are entitled to a meal allowance in accordance with clause 32.8. 128

[184] Further,the AWU does not agree with the NFF submission that the meal allowance provision has no relevance in the industry 129 and notes that the ordinary hours of work for a farm and livestock hand are fixed by agreement,130 albeit they can be averaged over a four week period and for this reason there would be occasions where an employee works beyond their usual finishing time and would be entitled to a meal allowance.131

[185] Business SA submits that clauses 10.2(d)(i) and (ii) operate in substantially the same way,save for the notice requirement. 132 It submits that clause 10.2(d)(i) provides that where an employee is required to work more than 1.5 hours of overtime after finishing working ordinary hours that the employee will be paid the allowance for the first meal and any subsequent meals.133 It submits that pursuant to clause 10.2(d)(ii),an employee who was not notified before leaving work the previous day that they would be required to work overtime and who works overtime for more than two hours will be entitled to the allowance for the first meal and any subsequent meals.134

[186] We return now to the NFF’s submission that the allowance should become due after two hours,irrespective of whether notice of the requirement to work overtime was given the previous day. The NFF identifies clause 32.7(a) of the exposure draft and clauses 36.5 and 36.10 of the current award as similar overtime meal allowance provisions whereby the allowance becomes due after two hours. 135 It appears that clause 36.5 of the current award may not have been replicated in the exposure draft. That clause (set out in the table above at [180]) provides that a Pig Breeding and Raising employee may receive the overtime meal allowance after working more than 1.5 hours of overtime. A comparison of the overtime meal allowance provisions in the current award and the equivalent provisions in the exposure draft indicates that the general entitlement and the entitlement which only applies to Pig Breeding and Raising employees,operate in much the same way..

[187] As mentioned earlier,a further conference is to be convened to attempt to clarify the intended operation of clauses 17.2(c)(ii) and 36.10 (which deal with the provision of a meal allowance). The same conference will also deal with the issues raised by the parties in relation to clauses 10.2 and 32.7.

Item 33:clause 14.4(a)(i) –Annual leave loading

[188] Clause 14.4(a)(i) of the exposure draft is in the following terms:

‘14.4 Annual leave loading

An employee must also be paid a loading calculated on the wages prescribed by this award. The loading must be as follows:

(a) Other than shiftworkers

(i) An employee other than a shiftworker must be paid a loading equal to 17.5% of the wages prescribed by this award for the ordinary hours of work as performed between Monday and Friday.

(ii) Where an employee is rostered to work ordinary weekly hours on days which attract penalty rates and the employee would have earned a greater amount than the amount provided in clause 14.4(a)(i) but for the period of leave then the employee will be paid the amount they would have earned for the ordinary hours worked instead of the 17.5% loading.

(b) Shiftworkers

An employee who would have worked on shiftwork had they not been on leave must be paid a loading equal to 17.5% of the wages prescribed by this award or the shift loading including relevant weekend penalty rates,whichever is the greater but not both.’

[189] The comparable provision in the current award is clause 23.5,which states the following:

‘23.5 Annual leave loading

(a) An employee must also be paid a loading calculated on the wages prescribed by this award.

(b) The loading must be as follows:

(i) Other than shiftworkers

  • An employee other than a shiftworker must be paid a loading equal to 17.5% of the wages prescribed by this award for the ordinary hours of work as performed between Monday and Friday.

  • Where an employee is rostered to work the ordinary weekly hours on days which attract penalty rates and the employee would have earned a greater amount than the payment for ordinary hours worked between Monday and Friday plus 17.5% but for the period of leave then the amount which the employee would have earned for the ordinary hours of work they would have worked but for the period of leave will be paid instead of the 17.5% loading.

(ii) Shiftworkers

An employee who would have worked on shiftwork had they not been on leave must be paid a loading equal to 17.5% of the wages prescribed by this award or the shift loading including relevant weekend penalty rates,whichever is the greater but not both.’

[190] The AWU submits,with the support of Business SA, 136 that the words ‘as performed between Monday and Friday’should be deleted from clause 14.4(a)(i) of the exposure draft because farm and livestock hands and poultry workers can be required to work ordinary hours on weekends,without penalty rates.137

[191] The AWU and the NFF agree that the exposure draft correctly transposes the terms of the current award. The AWU,acknowledges that the issue may be one of merit as opposed to translation but contends that the provision operates unfairly. 138 The AWU submits:

‘…the wording in the exposure draft seemingly could exclude payments they [poultry employees] receive for work on a Saturday and Sunday in calculating the annual leave loading’. 139

[192] The Commission undertook research into this issue,and a research document was published on 14 October 2016.

[193] In their reply submission of 23 November 2016,the AWU note the words ‘worked between Monday and Friday’appearing in the second dot point in clause 23.5(b)(i) should also be deleted. Clause 23.5(b)(i) is a reference to the current award,not the exposure draft. The words ‘Monday to Friday’only appear in the exposure draft at clause 14.4(a)(ii).

[194] It is not in dispute that ordinary hours for farm and livestock hands and poultry workers may be worked on weekends without attracting penalty rates. The NFF notes that clause 14.4(a)(ii) ‘provides for a higher rate of pay if you work on days and hours that attract penalty rates’. 140

[195] The issue is that the application of clause 14.4(a)(ii) is triggered by the entitlement an employee has to be paid penalty rates for ordinary hours worked on a Saturday or Sunday and hence the interaction of clauses 14.4(a)(i) and (ii) may disadvantage some employees. A poultry employee who,for example,works Wednesday to Sunday at ordinary rates may not have their weekend work included for the purpose of calculating the annual leave loading because that employee does not receive penalty rates for weekend work and therefore clause 14.4(a)(ii) has no application. Further,under clause 14.4(a)(i) the loading would only be calculated for the ordinary hours such an employee performs on Wednesday to Friday.

[196] The NFF acknowledge that the ‘clear intention’of the provision is that the annual leave loading is calculated on ‘base rate 38 hours or if you would ordinarily in that week get a higher rate…you get the higher rate…’in lieu of the annual leave loading. 141

[197] As a matter of merit an employee who regularly works on a weekend,say Wednesday through to Sunday,and does not receive penalties for the Saturday and Sunday,should be entitled to an annual leave loading based on those five days,and if that amount is greater than what the employee would have received had they worked their ordinary hours on Monday to Friday (plus 17.5 per cent),then the employee should be paid the higher amount. We will amend the exposure draft accordingly.

Item 45:clause 26.3 –Station cooks

[198] At clause 26.3 of the exposure draft the following question was put to the parties:

‘Given that cooks are classified as an FL1,should the words “appropriate weekly rate”in clause 26.3 be changed to the “FL1 ordinary hourly rate”? Should these amounts also be expressed as percentages?’

[199] Clause 26.3 of the exposure draft is in the following terms:

‘26.3 Station cooks

(a) A cook who is required to work for more than five and a half days in any one week will be paid,in addition to the weekly wage of this award,the following overtime rates:

(i) for work on six full days—an amount of 3/22nds of the appropriate weekly rate;

(ii) for work on six full days and one half day—an amount equal to 3/11ths of the appropriate weekly rate;or

(iii) for work on seven full days—an amount equal to 9/22nds of the appropriate weekly rate.

(b) No overtime will be worked nor will an employee perform work on the employee’s day and/or half day off without the permission of or under the instructions of the employer or their authorised representative.’

[200] The AWU,Business SA and NFF agree that it is not necessary to alter the existing wording in clause 26.3 of the exposure draft. 142 ABI/NSWBC support the change proposed by the Commission in the exposure draft.143

[201] Given the position of the AWU,Business SA and the NFF,namely,that it is not necessary to alter the wording in clause 26.3 of the exposure draft,the current wording will remain.

Item 49:clauses 27.2,38.1 and Schedules B.2.2,B.5.2 and B.6.1 –Overtime and penalty rates –various

[202] Clause 27.2 of the exposure draft deals with overtime and penalty rates for broadacre farming and livestock operations and is set out below:

27.2 The rate of pay for overtime for a farm and livestock hand will be:

For overtime worked

Overtime rate
% ordinary hourly rate

Monday to Saturday

150

Sunday—all hours—feeding and watering stock

150

Sunday— all hours—other than feeding and watering stock

200

[203] Clause 38.1 of the exposure draft deals with overtime and penalty rates for poultry farmers and is set out below:

38.1 Overtime

(a) All time worked by a poultry workers in excess of the ordinary hours in clause 37 will be regarded as overtime.

(b) The rate of pay for overtime for a poultry farm worker will be:

For overtime worked

Overtime rate
% ordinary hourly rate

Monday to Saturday

150

Sunday—all hours—feeding and watering stock

150

Sunday— all hours—other than feeding and watering stock

200

(c) Time off instead of payment for overtime

An employee may elect to take time off duty,with pay,for a period equal to the overtime worked.

[204] Schedule B.2.2 of the exposure draft sets out overtime rates for full-time and part-time farm and livestock hand adult employees;Schedule B.5.2 deals with ordinary and penalty rates for full-time and part-time piggery attendant junior employees (shiftworkers) and B.6.1 of the exposure draft sets out ordinary and penalty rates for full-time and part-time poultry farm worker adult employees.

[205] The NFF submit that employees,other than piggery attendants,are entitled to overtime only after 152 ordinary hours have been worked in a period of four weeks. 144

[206] They submit that the tables in the exposure draft at clauses 27.2,38.1 and at B.2.2,B.5.2 and B.6.1 currently ‘imply that all hours worked on weekends are overtime hours’ 145 and that the ‘tables setting out rates of pay should accurately reflect that overtime penalties only apply once 152 ordinary hours over a four week period have been worked’.146 They submit that the columns ‘setting out penalty rates should be deleted or amended’as follows:147

27.2 The rate of pay for overtime for a farm and livestock hand will be:

For overtime worked For hours worked after 152 hours in any 4 week period

Overtime rate
% ordinary hourly rate

Monday to Saturday

150

Sunday—all hours overtime—feeding and watering stock

150

Sunday— all hours overtime —other than feeding and watering stock

200

[207] Further,the NFF submits that schedule B.2.2 (by way of example) ‘should be deleted or amended as follows’: 148

B.2.2 Full-time and part-time farm and livestock hand adult employees—overtime rates

 

Overtime:Hours in excess of 152 hours worked over a 4 week period

 

Monday to Saturday –Overtime hours

Sunday –Overtime hours

feeding &watering stock

other than feeding &watering stock

 

% of ordinary hourly rate

 

150%

150%

200%

 

$

$

$

FLH1

26.55

26.55

35.40

FLH2

27.32

27.32

36.42

FLH3

27.71

27.71

36.94

FLH4

28.37

28.37

37.82

FLH5

28.88

28.88

38.50

FLH6

29.34

29.34

39.12

FLH7

30.92

30.92

41.22

FLH8

33.21

33.21

44.28

With keep $122.53 per week is deducted where keep is provided in accordance with clause 24.3.

[208] The AWU opposes the NFF submission and argues that ‘the inclusion of these provisions…will create confusion and ambiguity’. 149 The AWU submits that overtime may also be payable in the following circumstances:150

(i) ‘[w]hen a part-time employee works more than their agreed hours of work;and/or’; 151

(ii) ‘[w]hen an employee in the broadacre farming and livestock stream works more than the agreed ordinary hours’. 152

[209] Further,the AWU submits:

‘The current provisions are sufficient to determine when overtime rates are payable and the amendments sought by the NFF will complicate rather than clarify their operation.’ 153

[210] We note that the parties were directed to file a joint paper setting out what changes they think are required and setting out a short argument in support of the changes. 154 The joint paper has not been filed. The parties are directed to file the joint paper by Friday 28 July 2017. The Commission will then determine this issue on the papers.

Items 54 and 55:clauses 31.1 and 31.5 –Shiftwork definitions

[211] The term ‘shiftworker’is not defined in the current award. This was initially raised by the Fair Work Ombudsman (FWO) in correspondence of 2 March 2015. 155 Clause 35.3 of the current award defines types of shifts,and clause 35.9 provides penalty rates applying to ‘shiftworkers’. The FWO submits that without the term ‘shiftworker’being defined,it may be unclear as to whether an employee is a shiftworker or a day worker working outside the spread of hours.156

[212] In the exposure draft,the following question was put to the parties:

‘Parties are asked to comment on whether the award should include a definition of ‘shiftworker’in order to clarify which employees are shiftworkers (for the purposes of shift loading) and which employees are dayworkers (working outside the spread of ordinary hours)’

[213] Following the 4 July 2016 conference,it was noted that two issues remained unresolved:

(i) whether the term ‘shiftworker’require a definition;and

(ii) the range of issues raised in the AWU submission of 17 April 2016 at paragraphs 28 to 31 and the corresponding arrangements that it proposes. 157

[214] The AWU initially proposed inserting a definition for ‘shiftworker’at clause 14.1 (in the annual leave provision) as follows:

‘For the purpose of the additional week of annual leave provided by the NES,a shiftworker means a shiftworker on continuous work as defined in this award.’ 158

[215] The AWU later submitted that it had not encountered any issues in relation to the definition for ‘shiftworker’and that it does not see ‘a compelling need for a definition’. 159 The AWU also queried whether ‘an award has to include a definition for the purpose of the extra week of annual leave or not’.160

[216] The NFF submits that a definition for ‘shiftworker’is unnecessary and contends that:

‘No issues have arisen as to the definition of shiftworker and including one may have the unintended consequence of unduly restricting or altering the current application of this clause.’ 161

[217] No further submissions were made in respect of inserting a definition for the term ‘shiftworker’.

[218] Given the views of the parties we do not propose to include a definition of ‘shiftworker’in the award.

[219] In their submission of 17 April 2016,the AWU raised concerns relating to clause 31.1 and submits that clause 31.1 of the exposure draft (‘shiftwork definitions’) no longer has the same meaning as the corresponding clause in the current award (clause 35.3 of the current award). It submits that by inserting a definition for ‘non-continuous work’at clause 31.1(c),the exposure draft has ‘conflated the concepts of non-continuous work and non-successive shifts’. 162 Clause 31.1(c) of the exposure draft is in the following terms:

(c) Non-continuous work means work carried [out] by a shiftworker who works on an afternoon or night shift which does not continue:

(i) for at least five successive afternoons or nights on a five day site or six successive afternoons or nights on a six day site;or

(ii) for at least the number of ordinary hours prescribed by one of the alternative arrangements in clauses 31.1(f)(ii) or (iii) of this award;’

Note:the word ‘out’that should appear between the words ‘means work carried’and ‘by a shiftworker’is missing from the most recently published exposure draft.

[220] The AWU submits:

‘“Non-continuous work”is referring to the system of shifts that operates at the enterprise. In contrast,“non-successive shifts”is concerned with the shifts worked by an individual employee and is specifically directed at prescribing higher rates when they perform less than a full week of afternoon or night shift.’ 163

[221] The AWU contends that the shift allowances in clause 31.5 of the exposure draft ‘are related to the disability an employee experiences from working different shifts during a week’and that the allowances may apply irrespective of whether the enterprise operates continuously. 164 The AWU submits that the redrafted clauses may have the unintended effect of removing the ‘entitlement to higher rates of pay for employees who perform less than a full week of shifts in a continuous enterprise’. 165

[222] The NFF agrees with the AWU position 166 and submits that the ‘issue arises from the inclusion in the exposure draft of a new definition of “non-continuous work”’,a previously undefined term.167 Although the AWU and NFF agree with respect to the issue,they each propose different solutions.

[223] The NFF submits that the exposure draft should be changed to reflect the current award arrangements. It proposes deleting the ‘non-continuous work’definition (clause 31.1(c)) and replacing clause 31.5 of the exposure draft with the current award clause 35.9. 168

[224] The AWU proposes replacing the term ‘non-continuous work’in clause 31.1(c) with ‘non-successive shifts.’The same change is consequentially proposed for the table appearing at clause 31.5—Afternoon or night shift allowances. 169 In addition,the AWU proposes inserting a definition for ‘non-continuous work’at clause 31.1.170 A summary of the AWU’s proposed amendments is set out below:

(i) amending clause 31.1(c) to read (changes tracked):

Non-continuous work Non-successive shifts means work carried out by a shiftworker who works on an afternoon or night shift which does not continue…’;

(ii) amending clause 31.1 by inserting a new definition for ‘non-continuous work’which reads:

Non-continuous work means shift work which does not meet the definition of “continuous work”’;and

(iii) amending all references to ‘Non-continuous afternoon or night’in the table at clause 31.5 to ‘Non-successive afternoon or night’.

[225] The AWU also submits that the exposure draft restricts the entitlement of a paid crib break to continuous workers 171 and that this is contrary to the intent of the award,as demonstrated by the ‘fact that clause 35.6 (a) of the Award refers to non-continuous workers performing an average of 38 hours per week ‘inclusive of crib time’.172 The AWU proposes removing the distinction in clause 31.2(h) in respect of breaks for employees engaged in ‘continuous work’and ‘other than continuous work’and amending the clause as follows (changes tracked):173

[226] The AWU submits that the distinction in clause 31.2(h) between ‘Continuous work’and ‘Other than continuous work’should be removed. It proposes clause 31(h) be amended as follows:

(h) Breaks

(i) Continuous work

Shiftworkers on continuous work as defined in clause 31.1(b) will be allowed a 20 minute crib break each shift,which will be counted as time worked.

(ii) Other than continuous work

Shiftworkers who are not engaged in continuous work as defined in clause 31.1(b):

  • •will work ordinary hours continuously except for meal breaks at the discretion of the employer;and

  • •must not be required to work for more than five hours without a break for a meal.

(h) Shiftworkers will be allowed a 20 minute crib break each shift,which will be counted as time worked.

(i) Shiftworkers will work ordinary hours continuously except for crib breaks at the discretion of the employer.

[227] ABI ‘agree generally with the other parties that clause 31.1 of the exposure draft requires further attention’and indicated its support for further discussion between the parties. 174 ABI made no further submissions in relation to these issues.

[228] We agree with ABI. These issues should be the subject of a further discussion between the parties and a conference will be convened for that purpose.

Items 102 and 104:Schedule B.4.2 –Pig Breeding and Raising –Piggery attendant employees and Schedule B.4.5 –Casual piggery attendant adult employees—shiftworkers—ordinary and penalty rates

[229] The AWU submits that the references to ‘non-continuous’should be amended to ‘non successive’and that footnote two should be amended and footnote three deleted. 175

[230] The NFF ‘do not support the introduction of a new “non-successive shift”term’. 176

[231] The determination of this issue is related to the resolution of the matters raised above at [219][228]which are to be the subject of a further conference.

Items 58 and 60:clauses 32,32.3 and 33 –Overtime and penalty rates;Saturday and Sunday Penalty rates

[232] The AWU does not oppose the NFF’s proposed amendments to clause 32.7(b). 177 The proposed amendments correct typographical errors and we will make the changes in the form sought by the NFF. The AWU opposes the remaining amendments proposed by the NFF in respect of clauses 32 and 33. We discuss these below.

[233] The NFF submits that clause 32.1 of the exposure draft requires the following ‘typographical corrections’:

‘All time worked by piggery attendants before the ordinary commencing time or after the ordinary finishing time or in excess of ordinary hours of work in any one day or in any one week will be regarded as overtime.’ 178

[234] The AWU opposes the NFF’s proposal and submits that the deletion of the words ‘of work in any one day or in any one week’makes the clause less clear in respect of overtime payments in circumstances where an employee works outside the span of ordinary hours or above the maximum number of hours to be worked in a day or in a week. 179

[235] Clause 36.1 is the corresponding clause in the current award and is in the following terms:

‘All time worked by Piggery attendants before the ordinary commencing time or after the ordinary ceasing time or in excess of ordinary hours of work in any one day or in any one week will be regarded as overtime and will be paid for at the rate of time and a half for the first two hours and double time after that.’[our emphasis]

[236] The NFF’s characterisation of its proposed amendment to clause 32.1 as a ‘typographical correction’is incorrect. The words which the NFF proposes to delete appear in identical form in the current award. We agree with the AWU that to delete the words would make the provision less clear. We will not make the amendments sought by the NFF.

[237] In respect of clause 33,the NFF proposes amendments which included moving clause 32.3 of the exposure draft to clause 33.2. 180 The NFF submits that the clause should be moved as it ‘refers directly to Saturday and Sunday overtime rates’.181 The proposed clause in the NFF submission of 14 April 2016 also duplicates clause 32.4 of the exposure draft in what is clause 33.3 of its proposed clause. The clause proposed by the NFF is set out below (changes tracked):182

33. Saturday and Sunday penalty rates work

33.1 For work performed by piggery attendants on a Saturday or a Sunday,the following rates apply Overtime worked on weekends will be paid at the following rates:

For time worked after 152 hours in any 4 week period:

Penalty rate
% ordinary hourly rate

Day workers

 

Saturday—ordinary hours

150

Saturday—ordinary hours worked by agreement First 2 hours of overtime

150

Saturday —After the first two hours of overtime

200

Sunday—all hours overtime

200

Shiftworkers

 

Saturday1

150

Sunday—continuous shifts2

200

1 Provision in substitution for and not cumulative upon shift allowances in clause 31.5.
2
Where the major portion of the rostered shift is on a Sunday.

33.2 A minimum payment of three hours will apply to overtime worked on a Saturday or Sunday except for work which is continuous with ordinary duty.

33.3 In computing overtime each day’s work will stand alone.

[238] We note that the NFF’s proposal in respect of clause 33.2 involves more than merely moving clause 32.3 to clause 33.2. The NFF’s clause 33.2 is in slightly amended terms as depicted below (changes tracked):

32.3 33.2 A minimum payment of three hours’ will apply to overtime worked on a Saturday or Sunday is payable except for work which is continuous with ordinary duty.’

[239] The AWU does not agree with any of the NFF’s proposed amendments to clause 33. 183 The AWU submits that the provisions in clause 33 of the exposure draft are concerned with penalty rates for ordinary hours only whereas the provisions the NFF proposes to move are concerned with overtime. Further,the AWU submits that the minimum engagement provision at clause 32.3 concerns overtime worked on the weekend and those overtime rates are in clause 32 of the exposure draft. For these reasons the AWU submits the amendments proposed by the NFF ‘do not make sense’.184

[240] We agree with the AWU. We do not propose to make the changes proposed by the NFF. Clauses 37.1(a)(ii) and 37.2(a) of the current award are accurately reflected in clauses 32.2 and 32.3 of the exposure draft and deal with overtime. The table appearing at clause 33 of the exposure draft reflects the penalty rates for piggery attendants working Saturday and Sundays as they appear at clauses 37.1(a)(i),37.1(b) and 37.2(b) of the current award. The remaining provisions in clause 37 of the current award are concerned with overtime payments for piggery attendants only and have been accurately transposed to clause 32 of the exposure draft. We propose amending the heading of clause 32 so that it accurately reflects that the provisions in the clause pertain to overtime entitlements only. That is,clause 32 will be headed (changes tracked) ‘Overtime and penalty rates’.

Item 59:clause 32.2 –Overtime and penalty rates

[241] The NFF submits that clause 32.2 should be amended to ‘align the table with the current award terms and assist to avoid misunderstanding about when overtime rates must be paid’. 185 The amendments proposed are set out below (changes tracked):186

32.2 Subject to clause 33,O overtime will be paid at the following rates:

For overtime worked Overtime after 152 hours in a 4 week period

Overtime rate
% ordinary hourly rate

Monday to Saturday Any day—f First two hours

150

Monday to Saturday Any day—a After first two hours

200

Sunday—all hours overtime

200

[242] The AWU submits that the words ‘all hours’should be deleted from the table because the clause is only concerned with overtime. 187 Business SA agrees with the AWU position in this regard.188

[243] The AWU rejects the NFF’s proposed amendments and contends that:

‘Piggery attendants can be entitled to overtime payments when they have not worked 152 ordinary hours in a 4-week period. Overtime is payable for working outside the span of ordinary hours for day workers or shift workers and for working more than the maximum daily ordinary hours.’ 189

[244] The table in clause 32.2 of the exposure draft contains the overtime rates for piggery attendants and reflects clauses 36.1,36.2,37.1(a)(ii) and 37.2(a) of the current award. The clauses are set out below:

36.1 All time worked by Piggery attendants before the ordinary commencing time or after the ordinary ceasing time or in excess of ordinary hours of work in any one day or in any one week will be regarded as overtime and will be paid for at the rate of time and a half for the first two hours and double time after that.

36.2 All overtime worked on Saturday will be paid for at the rate of time and a half for the first two hours and double time after that.

37.1 Saturdays

(a) Day workers

(ii) The rate for overtime duty on a Saturday will be time and half for the first two hours and double time after that,with a minimum payment of three hours except for work which is continuous with ordinary duty.

37.2 Sundays

(a) The rate for overtime duty on a Sunday will be double time with a minimum payment of three hours at such rate except for work which is continuous with ordinary duty.’

[245] We do not accept the NFF’s proposed variation to the table in clause 32.2. It seems to us that the variation proposed is inconsistent with the terms of clause 32.1 which provides that Piggery attendants are paid overtime rates for all time worked ‘before the ordinary commencing time or after the ordinary ceasing time or in excess of ordinary hours of work in any one day or in any one week’.

Item 64:clause 33 –Saturday and Sunday penalty rates

[246] The AWU submits that the table at clause 33 should be amended in relation to the penalty rate for day worker piggery attendants who work ordinary hours on a Sunday. They propose three amendments to the table as detailed below.

[247] It submits that the fourth row should read ‘Sunday—ordinary hours worked by agreement’as opposed to ‘Sunday—all hours’as it currently appears. 190 It also proposes that the words ‘continuous shifts’in the seventh row of the same table should be deleted because shiftworkers perform ordinary hours on a Sunday.191 In this regard,the AWU note that clause 31.6 of the exposure draft ‘refers generally to shiftworkers when excluding the shift loading for work on the weekend and public holidays’. The NFF supports the AWU submission in respect of shiftworkers but does not respond to the other aspects of the AWU claim other than to refer it its own claim in relation to this clause (see under items 58 and 60 at paragraphs [232][240]).192

[248] In addition,the third amendment the AWU seek is that the second footnote in the table be deleted because ‘there is no corresponding provision for Saturday night shifts or shifts on a public holiday’. ABI oppose this AWU submission ‘on the basis that this represents a substantive change rather than a drafting or technical amendment’. 193

[249] We do not propose to make any of the amendments sought by the AWU. Rather we propose to delete the fourth row of that table in its entirety. Clause 37.2(a) of the current award indicates that the rate for day workers working overtime on a Sunday will be paid for at double time (or rather 200 per cent of the ordinary hourly rate). There is no provision of the current award that indicates that ordinary hours worked (by agreement) on a Sunday will attract penalty rates and be paid for at 200 per cent of the ordinary hourly rate. The translation of clause 37.2 of the current award to the table at clause 32.2 (in the overtime provision) accurately reflects the terms of the current award.

Item 65:clause 34 –Payment for public holidays

[250] At clause 34 of the exposure draft,the following question was put to parties:

‘The overtime rates that apply for work in excess of rostered hours on a public holiday in accordance with clause 32.1 are less than that provided for ordinary hours on a public holiday. Is this correct?’

[251] The parties agreed that the rate for overtime worked on a public holiday is correct,although it is less than the rate for ordinary hours worked on a public holiday. 194 Business SA submits that the pre-reform award supports their position that the clause is correct.195

[252] The AWU initially submitted that:

‘…it is illogical and unfair for overtime hours on a public holiday to be paid at a lower rate than ordinary hours. The rate should be 250% of the ordinary hourly rate for all hours worked’. 196

[253] In a later submission,the AWU submit that the current award and exposure draft:

‘…do currently appear to allow an employee working on a public holiday to reduce to a lower rate when they work more than the usual rostered hours on a public holiday.

The Award and Exposure Draft lack a provision stating overtime on a public holiday is paid at the rate of double time and a half.’

[254] We do not propose to change clause 34 of the exposure draft as it accurately reflects the position under the current award. However,it is unclear whether or not the AWU is seeking to vary the provision. We will provide the AWU with an opportunity to clarify their position.

Item 84:clause 41 –Special allowances (other than Woolclassers and Shearing shed experts)

[255] The NFF submits that the wording in the current award clause (clause 46.1) should be retained ‘to reduce the risk of unintentional changes to the meaning of this clause’ 197 and that the redrafted clause has a different legal effect to the corresponding clause in the current award.198 The SCAA agrees with the NFF.199 The AWU ‘accepts the word “home”appears in the current award and is not opposed to it being inserted into the Exposure Draft on that basis’.200

[256] The current award clause is in the following terms (emphasis added):

46.1 Allowance where sleeping quarters are not provided

Where the employee does not reside during a shearing (or crutching) at the employee’s home or usual place of residence and the employee is forced to obtain and pay for sleeping quarters away from the employer’s premises because the employer is unable to provide sleeping quarters at the premises for the employee,the employer will:

(a) arrange for sleeping quarters for the employee to be supplied elsewhere at the employer’s expense;or

(b) pay to the employee an allowance of 259.4% of the standard rate per night for each night during the employee’s employment that the employee is so forced to obtain and pay for sleeping quarters;and

(c) where the distance is one kilometre or more walking distance between the employee’s sleeping quarters and the shed,provide or pay for the transport of the employee between the sleeping quarters and the shed.’

[257] The corresponding clause in the exposure draft is as follows (emphasis added):

41.1 Allowance where sleeping quarters are not provided

If the employee does not reside at their usual place of residence and is forced to obtain and pay for sleeping quarters away from the employer’s premises because the employer is unable to provide sleeping quarters at the premises for the employee during a shearing or crutching,the employer will:

(a) arrange for sleeping quarters for the employee to be supplied elsewhere at the employer’s expense;or

(b) pay to the employee an allowance of $47.24 per night during the employee’s employment that the employee is forced to obtain and pay for sleeping quarters;and

(c) provide or pay for the transport of the employee between the sleeping quarters and the shed where the distance is one kilometre or more walking distance between the employee’s sleeping quarters and the shed.’

[258] The NFF and SCAA submit that ‘the term “home”should be reinserted’. 201 The NFF makes the following submissions in support of its argument that clause 41.1 no longer has the same meaning as the corresponding clause in the current award:

‘The word “home”has been removed from clause 41.1 of the Exposure Draft. The Exposure Draft clause would not apply to a circumstance where an employee returns to their home for work,which is not their usual place of residence at that time.

As outlined in our previous submission dated 28 September 2016,the legal dictionary defines residence as “personal presence at some place of abode”and indicates that “although the domicile and residence of a person are usually in the same place,and the two terms are frequently used as if they have the same meaning,domicile means living in that locality with the intent to make it a fixed and permanent home. Residence merely requires bodily presence as an inhabitant in a given place.”

The term “home”was inserted into the Pastoral Industry Award 1965 by Justice Gaudron on 23 October 1975,to supplement the phrase “usual place of residence”.

As was made clear in that decision,while a person’s home and usual place of residence will often mean the same thing,this is not necessarily the case. Shearing is a form of employment that is traditionally associated with an expeditionary lifestyle where employees move around throughout the year for work and may establish a usual place of residence that is away from their home.

This is confirmed by the decision in Russell Kerry Collison,Secretary,Australian Workers Union,Greater NSW Branch,On Behalf of Stewart Batey v Coachdale Pty Ltd where a shearer,Mr Batey moved around for shearing and travelled from his home that he shared with his wife in Warwick to stay at a hotel in Walcha for the purposes of shearing over the course of the year,travelling away from here occasionally for other jobs. After he separated from his wife he moved to Seymour,spending some time there and also living in a three bedroom house in Walcha for a significant portion of the year.

In assessing whether Mr Batey was entitled to an allowance for this accommodation,the Magistrate placed weight on the distinction between suburban and expeditionary shearers stating “as a professional shearer,Mr Batey was itinerant,and thus his “usual place of residence”was wherever he was staying for work purposes.”

He went on to explain:

“In any case,Clause 25.1 refers in the alternative to “home”or “usual place of residence”so even if Warwick was Mr Batey’s “home”at relevant times,and Seymour was his “home”in 2001,these were certainly not “his usual place of residence”. But even if “home”is all that is required for the clause to be satisfied in this case,Warwick and Seymour were not his “home”during the shearing or crutching.

What is a person’s “home”or “usual place of residence”must be judged objectively,not on what they assert to be the case;the fact that they are named on the title of a property,or pay rates at a property,or have their mail sent to a particular address,does not make such a place that person’s “home”or “usual place of residence”.

As the word “home”was inserted into the award intentionally,the NFF is concerned that its removal would have the effect of expanding the scope of the allowances to which it relates. Accordingly,we seek to retain the term “home”in the proposed clause.’(footnotes omitted) 202

[259] We propose to insert the words ‘home or’in between the words ‘their’and ‘usual place of residence’in clause 41.1 of the exposure draft so that the clause reads:‘…at their home or usual place of residence…’.

Item 86:clause 42.3(a)(ii) –Allowance for delays for Woolclassers paid at piecework rate

[260] The phrase ‘act of God’was removed when clause 47.3 of the current award was transposed to clause 42.3 of the exposure draft. The NFF expressed concern that the revised clause may no longer cover ‘fires that are deliberately lit’ 203 and submits:

‘The changes made to this clause in the exposure draft have the potential to change meaning by limiting the circumstances to which this clause applies. ‘Act of God’is a legal term of art used most commonly in the insurance industry. It should be retained.’ 204

[261] The NFF,supported by the SCAA,proposes an alternative form of wording to the phrase ‘act of God’that it submits will address its concern. 205 The proposed wording is as follows (changes tracked):

42.3 Allowance for delays for Woolclassers paid at piecework rate

(a) In the event of the employer failing to start shearing on the day fixed by the contract the employer will pay the employee for the time kept idle,a daily amount of 10% of the appropriate guaranteed weekly minimum rate for the classification of the employee;provided:

(ii) the failure to start is not caused by wet weather or other unforeseen natural causes such as fire,flood,or earthquake.’ 206

[262] Clause 47.3 of the current award provides as follows:

47.3 Allowance for delays for Woolclassers paid at piecework rate

(a) In the event of the employer failing to start shearing on the day fixed by the contract the employer will,provided the Woolclasser is ready to start on the day fixed,pay the employee for the time kept idle,a daily amount of 1/10th of the appropriate guaranteed weekly minimum rate for the classification of the employee,unless the failure to start is caused by wet weather or other unforeseen causes such as fire,flood,earthquake or any other act of God.

(b) The number of stands to be taken into account when calculating the allowance will be the maximum number of stands actually occupied by Shearers during the shearing.

(c) The allowance set out in this clause will be in full satisfaction of all claims by the employee arising out of such failure to start on the part of the employer.

(d) The abovementioned rates will only apply where an employee is paid the piecework rate.

[263] The AWU acknowledges that it had initially expressed its agreement with the NFF position, 207 but later expressed some concerns with the NFF proposed variation. The AWU submits that the word ‘natural’should not be deleted for the following reasons:

‘…the proposed amendment unreasonably confines an employee’s entitlements for idle time.

The deletion of the word “natural”would mean an employer does not have to pay the 10% daily amount if there are “other unforeseen causes”for the delay in commencing work.

An unscrupulous employer could use these words to deny the 10% payment to an employee for causes largely within their control - such as failing to keep machinery properly maintained or ensuring there are adequate staffing levels –provided there is something unforeseen about the cause.

The words “such as fire,flood or earthquake”do give an indication of the intent of the provision but would not necessarily prevent a broad interpretation of the term “other unforeseen causes”.

The NFF has identified deliberately lit fires as an example of a problem with using the term “natural”. However,an employee should not forfeit the 10% daily payment because they are prevented from working by a deliberately lit fire.

Further,determining whether a fire is deliberately lit or not may take the legal system a lengthy amount of time. Having an industrial entitlement contingent on a guilty verdict in criminal proceedings is far from ideal.

It is also reasonably unlikely that an employee would subject themselves to potential criminal prosecution via deliberately lighting a fire to receive a 10% daily payment when they could otherwise have avoided exposure to prison and received a 100% payment.’ 208

[264] We propose to amend clause 42.3 of the exposure draft so that the relevant expression reflects the wording in clause 47.3 if the current award,that is:

‘(ii) the failure to start is not caused by wet weather or other unforeseen causes such as fire,flood,earthquake or any other act of God’.

[265] The additional words (shown in red) reflect the terms of the current award,if an party seeks to depart from those terms they should file an application to vary the award.

Item 95:Schedule A.1.2 –Minimum wages

[266] The NFF submits that schedule A.1.2 ‘should clarify that the deduction is ‘per day’and that clause 40.3(d) should be similarly amended. 209 It also submits that a ‘further identical provision should be inserted above the proposed clause 40.3 in relation to shearing’.210 The SCAA agree with the NFF position.211

[267] The exposure draft provides as follows:

A.1.2 ‘If found’rates are calculated by deducting $29.85 from the ‘not found’rate. This amount is arrived at by adding the Shearing cook’s daily rate to one fifth of the Shearers’ration component. The Shearing cook’s daily rate is calculated in accordance with clause A.5.’

[268] Schedule A.1.2 is adapted from clause 45.1(h) of the current award which is in the following terms:

(h) If found employee—the rates prescribed above less the amount of $29.85,which is arrived at by adding the Shearing cook’s daily rate to one fifth of the Shearers’ration component.’

[269] Clause 40.3 of the exposure draft provides as follows:

40.3 Rates for crutching

The following rates are arrived at by the formula in clause A.2 and paid in addition to the shearing rates contained in this clause.

(a) Piecework rates—if not found employee:

 

Per 100
$
At sheds

Per 100
$
Other than at sheds

Full crutching:shearing the inside parts of the legs,between the legs,and around and above the tail. In addition when required:

    ●removing wool that has been struck by blowfly;
    ●lifting the bottom leg and shearing that leg prior to turning the sheep around and above the tail;and/or
    ●giving up to two blows above the tail

85.06

73.33

All other crutching

67.46

58.66

For wigging or ringing

32.26

32.26

For either wigging or ringing in addition to crutching

8.80

8.80

For wigging and ringing

52.80

52.80

For wigging and ringing in addition to crutching—crutching rate plus

14.67

14.67

For cleaning the belly of any ewe above the teats (no more than two blows of the machine or shears)—crutching rates plus

7.33

7.33

(b) Lack of amenities allowance

An allowance of $9.38 per person per day will be paid for the lack of amenities when crutching is performed other than at sheds in addition to the piecework rates in clause 40.3(a).

(c) Special crutching rates

(i) For crutching stud ewes and their lambs—one and a quarter of the rates prescribed in clause 0.

(ii) For crutching rams and ram stags—double the rates prescribed in clause 0.

(d) If found employee—the rates prescribed above less the amount of $29.85,which is arrived at by adding the Shearing cook’s daily rate to one fifth of the Shearers’ration component.

[270] The NFF makes the following submissions in support of its claim:

‘Historically,the Wage Rates and Ready Reckoner circular outlined clearly that the “found”deduction was “per day”.

In the current award,the “found”deduction is $29.85. The rate for engagement by the day is:

a. $219.14 if not found employee;

b. $189.29 per day if found employee.

The difference between the two is $29.85,supporting the proposition that the “found”deduction is “per day”.’ 212

[271] Conversely,the AWU submits there are ‘no issues with the wording of the Exposure Draft’, 213 but accepts that ‘the “if found”deduction is incurred daily’.214

[272] It is not entirely clear to us what changes to the current exposure draft are being sought by the respective parties. This issue will be the subject of a further conference.

Items 101 and 103:Schedule B.4.1 –Pig Breeding and Raising –Piggery attendant employees and Schedule B.4.4 –Casual piggery attendant adult employees (all employees including shiftworkers)—ordinary and penalty rates

[273] The AWU submits that the current award is ‘ambiguous in terms of whether a day worker can work ordinary hours on a Sunday’. 215 It contends that:

‘Clause 35.1 seemingly allows an agreement to this effect but clause 37.2 does not refer to ordinary duty by day workers on a Sunday.’ 216

[274] For this reason,the AWU submits:

‘…Schedule B.4.1 of the Exposure Draft should be amended to exclude shiftworkers (given their rates are comprehensively dealt with in Schedule B.4.2) and to insert a 200% Sunday column.’ 217

[275] Similarly,it submits that schedule B.4.4 should be amended and that:

‘…a 225% column should be added for ordinary hours worked by agreement on Sunday and shiftworkers should be excluded rather than included given their rates are in Schedule B.4.5.’ 218

[276] In the summary of submissions,the following comment was included by the Commission’s research area:

‘No ambiguity. Award does not contain provision for ordinary hours on Sundays. The Sat/Sun clause (MA cl 37) refers to a Saturday ordinary time rate,whereas Sunday rate referred to as ‘overtime’.

B.4.1 is a table of ordinary rates and penalty rates –overtime rats are in B.4.3.

[277] In light of the above comment,the AWU agreed to confirm its position in respect of its claims by 15 July 2016. 219 The AWU are yet to confirm whether it presses the claims. The AWU is asked to advise the Commission of its position in writing by no later than 4.00pm Friday 28 July 2017.

Item 106:Schedule B.6.2 –Full-time and part-time junior poultry farm worker employees –ordinary,penalty rates and overtime and Item 107:Schedule B.6.3 –Casual junior poultry farm worker employees –ordinary,penalty rates and overtime

[278] The NFF submits that the rates contained in Schedule B.7.2 and B.7.3 are affected by rounding errors and therefore certain rates are incorrect. 220 The NFF submits that the rates for PW1 employees under 16 years of age are incorrect in both B.7.2 and B.7.3 of the exposure draft.221 The amended figures proposed by the NFF (relative to the rates in the 2015–16 financial year) are set out below (changes tracked):

B.7.2 Full-time and part-time junior poultry farm worker employees—ordinary,penalty rates and overtime

Age

Junior hourly rate

Public holiday
(all hours worked)

Overtime

Monday to Saturday

Sunday

Feeding or watering stock

Other than feeding or watering stock

% of junior hourly rates

100%

200%

150%

150%

200%

 

$

$

$

$

$

PW1

     

Under 16 years

8.85
8.64

17.70
17.28

13.28
12.96

13.28
12.96

17.70
17.28

B.7.3 Casual junior poultry farm worker employees—ordinary,penalty rates and overtime

Age

Junior hourly rate

Casual hourly rate

Public holiday

% of junior hourly rates

100%

125%

225%

 

$

$

$

PW1

   

Under 16 years

8.85
8.64

11.06
10.80

19.91
19.44

[279] The disparity between the rates in the Exposure draft by the Commission and those calculated by the NFF appear to be due to the NFF’s failure to round the figures at each step in the calculation. When calculating the hourly adult rate,the weekly rate is to be divided by 38. However,it appears the NFF has not rounded the hourly figure to two decimal places before proceeding with further calculations. As a result,the starting figure for the NFF calculations is the unrounded adult hourly rate. Using the rates for the 2015–16 financial year as an example,this means that instead of arriving at an hourly adult rate of $17.29,the NFF has arrived at an hourly adult rate of $17.286842. The NFF’s method is inconsistent with the how the Commission calculates rates and that explains the discrepancy between the NFF’s proposed rates and those in the exposure draft.

[280] We do not propose to amend the rates in Schedule B.7.2 and B.7.3.

[281] We note that the NFF also seeks an amendment to the table such that it is clear that ‘overtime is only payable after 152 hours in any 4 week period’. For the reasons given in respect of Item 49 above,we reject the NFF’s proposed amendment.

Item 108:Schedule B.8 –Shearing operations –shearers and Item 109:Schedule B.8.2 –Casual crutchers –not found –ordinary and penalty rates

[282] The NFF submits that the tables ‘dealing with shearing rates are highly complex’and do not assist in understanding the applicable wage rates. 222 In addition,the NFF noted that there is no reference to crutching rates for rams and ram stags.223 It was also noted that some of the figures included in the table for casual crutchers were incorrect.224 The NFF reiterates this position in a later submission.225 While the AWU stated it was not opposed to the inclusion of these rates tables,it accepts that they may require further refinement.226 The AWU agrees that rates for crutching of rams and ram stags should be included.227

[283] We propose to delete the tables containing shearing rates. Accordingly,then the second issue (concerning rates for crutching rams and ram stags) becomes moot.

Item 111:Schedule C.2.2 –Adjustment of expense related allowances

[284] Schedule C.2.2(b) of the exposure draft published by the Commission amended the applicable consumer price index (CPI) figure for a number of expense-related allowances from ‘eight capital cities weighted average’to ‘all groups’. The NFF submits that this change should be reversed in order to avoid confusion or potential misunderstanding around what CPI groups constitute ‘all groups’. 228 There was broad support amongst the parties for the NFF’s position.229

[285] The NFF later submitted that it would be content with ‘All Groups CPI’rather than ‘All Groups’,as this is the terminology used when referring to the index. 230

[286] The purpose of the table is to clarify which of the index figures published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) is to be used to adjust a particular allowance,that is which group or sub-group as defined by the ABS. The preamble to the table states that the figure is taken from the Eight Capitals Consumer Price Index so there is no need to repeat the words ‘eight capital cities’as initially proposed by the NFF. When the weighted average of all groups is to be used to adjust an allowance,modern awards generally use the term ‘All groups’which is consistent with the terminology used in ABS publications. The column heading is ‘Applicable Consumer Price Index figure’so the use of ‘All Groups CPI’as per the NFF’s later proposal renders the term ‘CPI’redundant. We will retain the term ‘All groups’.

Item 118:Schedule G –Definitions and interpretation

[287] At the 4 July 2016 conference,it was highlighted that the term ‘continuous service’appears nowhere in the award other than in the definitions schedule. It was suggested by the NFF that the definition may not be required at all. On that basis,the parties were directed to give consideration to simply deleting the definitions,and the exposure draft was republished with the definition struck through,so as to indicate that the proposal was to remove it entirely. 231 Following the hearing,the NFF submitted that it was not opposed to the deletion of the entire definition on the basis that it served no purpose.232

[288] We are satisfied that deletion of the definition of ‘continuous service’is the appropriate course as the term appears nowhere else in the award and the existing definition serves only to create confusion. We will delete the definition from the award.

2.15 Port Authorities Award 2010

[289] On 15 January 2016 the Commission published an initial exposure draft based on the Port Authorities Award 2010 (the Port Authorities award) together with a comparison document showing the changes made to the structure and language in the award. Interested parties were provided with an opportunity to file written submissions and submissions in reply on the drafting and technical issues in the Exposure draft. 233 Submissions were filed by the MUA234 and Ports Australia235 and on 23 May 2016 the Commission published a summary of submissions. The Port Authorities award was listed for mention on 6 June 2016 to:

(i) confirm that the published summary of submissions was accurate and reflected the parties’positions;

(ii) identify any submissions or variations agreed or withdrawn;and

(iii) identify whether any matters raised in submissions were of a substantive nature and required consideration by a specially constituted Full Bench. 236

[290] Following the 6 June 2016 mention,a revised summary of submissions was published on 24 June 2016. A further conference 237 was held in Sydney on 4 August 2016 to discuss the issues listed in the revised summary of submissions. The AMOU,MUA,and Ports Australia appeared at that conference. Item 5 of the revised summary was the only outstanding matter for discussion and the interested parties confirmed that they were content for the Full Bench to determine that matter on the basis of the written submissions already filed,without the need for an oral hearing.

[291] The exposure draft,as currently drafted,provides for the following in relation to overtime worked by employees:

12.1 Overtime and penalties—Monday to Friday

(a) Overtime is payable to employees for any time worked outside of ordinary hours on a Monday to Friday (except a public holiday) at the following rates:

(i) 150% of the ordinary hourly rate for the first three hours;and

(ii) 200% of the ordinary hourly rate after three hours.

12.3 Ordinary hours and overtime—Saturday

An employee will be paid 150% of the ordinary hourly rate for all ordinary hours and overtime worked between midnight Friday and midnight Saturday.

[292] The exposure draft also invited parties to comment on the operation of the overtime provisions,given the rate payable for overtime in excess of three hours performed on Saturday is lower than the rate payable after three hours of overtime between Monday and Friday. The parties’attention was directed to two pre-reform awards that were utilised in the making of the Port Authorities award:the Port Services Award 1998 238 and the Port Authorities Award –State 2003239.

[293] The MUA submitted that,as the pre-reform awards both provided for work on Saturday to be paid at 150 per cent of the ordinary hourly rate for the first three hours and 200 per cent thereafter,the exposure draft should be amended to reflect this position. 240

[294] Ports Australia drew the Commission’s attention to a draft award submitted by the MUA and AIMPE during the Award Modernisation Proceedings,which provided for payment for overtime in the manner reflected in the current award and exposure draft. 241 Ports Australia submitted that the MUA did not make any submissions on this issue during the Award Modernisation Proceedings,even after the Australian Industrial Relations Commission (AIRC) published its own exposure draft,and ultimately the final award,with the same provisions.242

[295] Ports Australia submitted that,as the Commission proceeds on the basis that,prima facie,the Port Authorities award achieved the modern awards objective at the time it was made,and the MUA has not addressed the relevant legislative provisions,submitted any evidence directed at demonstrating the facts supporting the proposed change,or made submissions about any previous decisions relevant to the issue,the change proposed by the MUA should not be adopted. 243

[296] As Ports Australia’s correctly states,the approach of the Commission is to proceed on the basis that prima facie the modern award being reviewed achieved the modern awards objective at the time that it was made. 244 However,this is simply the prima facie position,and may be displaced in appropriate circumstances.

[297] The rationale for awarding a higher rate of payment for overtime in excess of three hours is to compensate employees for the disability associated with,not merely having to work in excess of or outside ordinary hours,but having to do so for a prolonged period of time. Hence,the rate of pay for overtime beyond three hours performed Monday to Friday is 200 per cent of the ordinary hourly rate,rather than 150 per cent.

[298] There does not appear to be any reasonable justification for the disparity between overtime rates payable on weekdays and the overtime rates payable on Saturdays. The rationale for awarding a higher overtime rate after three hours is as applicable to overtime worked on Saturdays as it is to overtime worked on Monday to Friday. To maintain the status quo would be anomalous.

[299] Further,the existence in the pre-reform awards of provisions in the same terms as those sought by the MUA leads us to conclude that the matter was not given detailed attention by the Full Bench in the Award Modernisation proceedings,no doubt because of the content of the draft award submitted by the MUA and AIMPE at that time.

[300] We are satisfied that it is appropriate to vary the award so as to provide for payment at 200 per cent of the ordinary hourly rate after the first three hours of overtime performed on Saturday,as sought by the MUA.

[301] A revised exposure draft will be published shortly and parties will be provided with a final opportunity to comment.

2.16 Ports,Harbours and Enclosed Water Vessels Award 2010

[302] On 15 January 2016 the Commission published an initial exposure draft based on the Ports,Harbours and Enclosed Water Vessels Award 2010 (the Ports award) together with a comparison document showing the changes made to the structure and language in the award. Interested parties were provided with an opportunity to file written submissions and submissions in reply on the drafting and technical issues in the Exposure draft. 245 Submissions were filed by the AWU,246 Business SA,247 MIAL248 and the MUA.249 On 30 May 2016 the Commission published a summary of submissions. The Ports award was listed for mention on 6 June 2016 to:

(i) confirm that the published summary of submissions was accurate and reflected the parties’positions;

(ii) identify any submissions or variations agreed or withdrawn;and

(iii) identify whether any matters raised in submissions were of a substantive nature and required consideration by a specially constituted Full Bench. 250

[303] Following the 6 June 2016 mention,a revised summary of submissions was published on 24 June 2016. A further conference was held in Sydney on 4 August 2016 (the August conference) to discuss the issues listed in the revised summary of submissions. 251 The following parties appeared before the Commission at that conference:

  • AIMPE;

  • AMOU;

  • The AWU;

  • MUA;and

  • Ports Australia.

[304] On 7 November 2016 the Commission issued a Statement 252 that attached a report setting out the issues discussed at the August conference. That Statement also included draft directions setting out the process for dealing with the outstanding technical and drafting matters for the Ports award. A revised exposure draft and a further revised summary of submissions reflecting the agreed position of the parties were also published on 7 November 2016.253 Parties were given until 14 November 2016 to file any comments on the draft directions or on the attached reports. Final directions were issued on 15 November 2016 and parties are required to file further material in December 2016.

[305] The Full Bench in matter AM2016/5 will determine the substantive issues listed at items 1,3,4 and 11 of the further revised summary of submissions. 254 Items 2 and 12 of the revised summary of submissions will be addressed after the Full Bench has determined the coverage issues (items 1,3 and 4) in matter AM2016/5.

[306] Item 6 of the further revised summary of submissions will be addressed after the Part-time and Casual Employees Full Bench has determined the matters in AM2014/196 and AM2014/197. Items 8,24 and 25 of the revised summary of submissions are being dealt with by the Part-time and Casual employees Full Bench in AM2014/196 and AM2014/197.

2.17 Real Estate Industry 2010

[307] It was confirmed at the mention held on 6 June 2016 255 that there are no outstanding technical and drafting issues in relation to the Real Estate Industry Award 2010. The summary of submissions and exposure draft will not be updated until substantive matters have been finalised. Substantive matters are being dealt by a Full Bench in AM2016/6.256

2.18 Seagoing Industry Award 2010

[308] Following the 6 June 2016 mention,a revised summary of submissions was published on 24 June 2016. A further conference was held in Sydney on 4 August 2016 (the August conference) to discuss the issues listed in the revised summary of submissions. 257 The AMOU,MIAL,MUA and AIMPE appeared before the Commission at that conference:

[309] On 7 November 2016 the Commission issued a Statement that attached a report outlining the issues discussed at the August conference. 258 That Statement also included draft directions setting out the process for dealing with the outstanding technical and drafting matters for the Seagoing award. A revised exposure draft and a further revised summary of submissions reflecting the agreed position of the parties were also published on 7 November 2016.259 Parties were given until 14 November 2016 to file any comments on the draft directions or on the attached reports. Final directions were issued on 15 November 2016 and parties are required to file further material in December 2016.

[310] Item 11 of the further revised summary of submissions is a substantive matter and was referred to the Full Bench in matter AM2016/5 for determination. 260 Item 18 was referred to the Alleged NES Inconsistencies Full Bench (AM2014/1) and the matter will be listed for mention by a member of that Full Bench. Following the mention,directions for the filing of further submissions will be issued.

2.19 State Government Agencies Award 2010

[311] A decision 261 issued on 31 July 2015 determined the substantive issues raised in respect of the State Government Agencies Award 2010. An exposure draft was published on 18 December 2015 and no submissions were received. There are no outstanding issues for determination.

2.20 Telecommunications Services Award 2010

[312] On 18 December 2015 the Commission published an initial exposure draft based on the Telecommunications Services Award 2010 together with a comparison document showing the changes made to the structure and language in the award. Interested parties were provided with an opportunity to file written submissions and submissions in reply on the drafting and technical issues in the exposure draft. Submissions were received from the Ai Group and ABI. Commissioner Roe published a report on 22 April 2016 that set out the matters dealt with at a conference held on 21 April 2016. A number of issues raised were resolved. A revised exposure draft was published on 27 April 2016 along with a summary of submission document. The Report of 21 April 2016 called for further submissions in respect to a number of specific matters. Submissions in reply were received from Ai Group,AFEI,and ABI. Commissioner Roe held a further conference on 26 May 2016 during which a number of further issues were resolved. In preparation for that conference a draft report was published on 12 May 2016 and a revised summary of submissions document on 19 May 2016. A further report was published by Commissioner Roe on 26 May 2016. A revised exposure draft and summary of submissions reflecting the progress made were published on 1 June 2016. In proceedings before Justice Ross on 6 and 7 June 2016 there was a further opportunity for parties to identify any outstanding issues. Commissioner Roe conducted a further conference on 20 July 2016 to consider the issues identified at the conference before Justice Ross. A further report was published by Commissioner Roe on 21 July 2016 and an updated exposure draft was published on 16 August 2016.

[313] The outstanding issues in respect to this Award are items 7,26 and 32 of the summary of submissions. There are no substantive variation proposals which have not already been referred to a specially constituted Full Bench. The proposal by the CPSU and the ASU to vary the classification structure in this Award has now been withdrawn.

(i) Item 7 (Clause 6.4(b)(ii))

[314] The Ai Group submit that the expression “minimum hourly rate of pay”should be utilised in Clause 6.4(b)(ii) rather than the expression “ordinary hourly rate of pay”.

[315] It is not contested that the all purpose allowances apply to casual employees. What is in contest is whether,in calculating the wage,the casual loading is applied to the minimum rate plus all purpose allowances. It was agreed that this matter should be determined by the Full Bench on the basis of written submissions. CPSU requested the opportunity to respond further to the Ai Group submission. Additional submissions were provided by the CPSU and the Ai Group.262

[316] This matter is identical to the matter we have earlier determined in respect to the Business Equipment Award 2010. We see no reason to reach a different conclusion in respect to this Award. The exposure draft will not be varied.

(ii) Item 26

[317] The Ai Group support the use of the term “shift loading”rather than “shift penalty”in two places in this Award. The Ai Group addressed these matters further in their submission of 31 August 2016 relating to general issues in exposure drafts. This general issue is dealt with in Section 3.8 of this decision.

(iii) Item 32

[318] This s a matter raised by the Ai Group concerning the Summary of Hourly Rates of pay tables and the heading concerning “ordinary hourly rates”. The Ai Group addressed this matter in their submission of 31 August 2016 relating to general issues in exposure drafts. This general issue is dealt with in Section 3.6 of this decision.

[319] The Full Bench is satisfied that it is appropriate to make the changes agreed to by the parties (as outlined in the reports to the Full Bench),and that there are no outstanding technical or drafting issues in respect of this Award. A revised exposure draft reflecting this decision and the agreed position of the parties’will be published shortly and parties will be provided with a final opportunity to comment.

3. Other matters

[320] There were a number of matters discussed at the hearing on 6–7 June 2016 which have application across multiple awards.

3.1 Title and commencement

[321] A number parties proposed that the words “as varied”should be removed from the reference to the commencement of the award (generally found at clause 1 of the exposure drafts).

[322] Following the December 2014 decision,which decided modern awards would be varied rather than superseded,the July 2015 decision amended and reinserted the commencement clause as:

‘X.2 This modern award,as varied,commenced operation on 1 January 2010.’

[323] The Ai Group submitted that the wording could be misinterpreted to read that the award as varied commenced on 1 January 2010,which would back date variations to apply from 1 January 2010. At the conference on 6 June 2016,Ai Group proposed rewording the clause in the Horticulture Award 2010 as follows:

‘This modern award commenced operation on 1 January 2010. The terms of the award have been varied since that date.’ 263

[324] Ai Group noted that this had not been previously advanced and that the proposed wording had not been fully considered,but noted that this was an issue of general relevance across all modern awards. 264

[325] Deputy President Clancy reported to the Full Bench that the parties agree to remove “as varied”from the Horticulture Award 265,Wine Industry Award266 and Silviculture Award 2010.267 The variation appears to be agreed between the parties in relation to the Pastoral Award.268 Deputy President Asbury noted that the variation to Sugar Industry Award was not pressed by the NFF.269

[326] This issue has also been considered as part of the plain language drafting of the Pharmacy Industry Award. In the Comparison Document to the revised exposure draft of the plain language Pharmacy Industry Award the drafter noted:

‘The term “as varied,”has been omitted because this would seem to give amendments made after 1 July 2010 retrospective effect.’ 270

[327] Under s.165 of the Act it is clear that variations to a modern award do not have retrospective effect,except in the circumstances provided in s.165(2). However,to avoid any ambiguity as to the intent of the commencement provision we adopt the proposal,that is:

‘This modern award commenced operation on 1 January 2010. The terms of the award have been varied since that date.’

[328] The above wording will be inserted into all exposure drafts including those listed in paragraph [325].

3.2 Definitions section

[329] The location of the definitions section was the subject of some debate. Currently most exposure drafts in Group 3 contain definitions in a schedule to the award. There was discussion as to whether this section should appear in the body of the award. The NFF submits moving definitions to a schedule had the effect of making the award more complex. 271 Business SA submits that the definition schedule makes the award easier to understand and navigate.272 Other parties are satisfied with the approach and believe no change is necessary.273 In the hearing on 6 June 2016,United Voice noted that the parties did not have a particularly strong view about this matter.274

[330] Following the conference before Deputy President Asbury,the Exposure Draft for Sugar Industry Award was revised to place the definition section in the body of the award at clause 2. The parties are in the process of considering the revised exposure draft.

[331] As part of the plain language review of modern awards,a new structure has been proposed to include the definitions within the award. 275 The initial Plain Language Report proposed inserting a definition clause into the body of the Pharmacy Industry Award as follows:

2. Definitions

2.1 Schedule G—Definitions defines expressions used in this award.’

[332] The Shop,Distributive and Allied Employees Association (SDA),The Association of Professional Engineers,Scientists and Managers,Australia (APESMA) and Health Services Union of Australia (HSU) submit that rather than referring to the definition schedule,the definitions should be inserted into the body of the modern award directly. 276 This proposal was included in the revised plain language exposure draft based on the Pharmacy Industry Award 2010 published on 22 July 2016.277 The structure of the revised plain language draft has been applied to Group 4 exposure drafts.278 This will allow parties an opportunity to comment on the propose structure as applied to variety of awards.

[333] The placement of the definitions is an issue being dealt with by the Plain language Full Bench. As foreshadowed in a Statement issued 15 July 2016,any structural changes adopted by the Group 4 exposure drafts will be applied to the Group 1–3 exposure drafts after all the technical and drafting issues of the current exposure drafts have been resolved. 279

3.3 Duplication of definitions in coverage clause and definition section

[334] A number of parties have raised the duplication of industry or occupation definitions in the coverage clause and the definition of the schedule. It has been put that having definitions in two places may result in errors if one is updated and the other is not.

[335] There have been numerous approaches proposed by parties as to how this issue may be addressed. In the following awards it was agreed by parties to keep the definition in both the coverage clause and the definition schedule:Banking Industry Award 280,Legal Services Award281,and Real Estate Award282. The following awards parties agreed to keep definitions in the coverage clause and remove these definitions from the definition schedule:Education Services (Post-Secondary Education) Award283;Horticulture Award284,Wine Industry Award285,and Silviculture Award.286 In the Nursery Award,the industry definition was kept in the coverage clause and the definition schedule referred readers to this clause. The issue was raised in the following awards and parties have not yet reached agreement:Higher Education Industry–Academic Staff–Award287and Higher Education Industry–General Staff–Award.288

[336] A different issue arose in the Sugar Industry Award. Following conferences before Deputy President Asbury,the parties agreed that they did not wish to alter the definition in the coverage clause. 289

[337] The parties have agreed to address the issue in a number of ways,however given the extent of the interest in this issue,a consistent approach is desirable.

[338] The coverage clause exists in all awards and requires definition of the industries or occupations the award covers to give the clause substantive meaning. Additionally,the definition clause should provide a complete list of the relevant terms that require definitions within the award. The issue is summed up by Commissioner Roe in his Report to the Full Bench in relation to Real Estate Award:

‘In our view it's consistent with the approach we're taking in a number of awards to keep it [the definition] in two places,even though it is duplication and we try to avoid it in most cases but we think the definition of the industry is such an important thing for people to understand when they're reading the award,we think it's appropriate to have it up front as well as in the definitions.’ 290

[339] To resolve the concern of duplication and satisfy the above objectives we propose to follow the approach taken by parties in the Nursery Award. That is,the industry definition or definitions are to be retained in full in the coverage clause. The definition schedule will include a definition of the industry which refers readers to the coverage clause as per the following example:

3. Coverage

3.1 This industry award covers employers throughout Australia in the nursery industry and their employees in the classifications listed in Schedule A—Classification Definitions to the exclusion of any other award.

3.2 Nursery industry means:

(a) the propagation,planting,growing,cultivation,maintenance,sale,distribution or treating of plant material and associated nursery products in plant nurseries,flower,turf and tree farms or other similar enterprises;

(d) the despatching and distribution of plant material and associated products in connection with work under clauses 3.2(a) to (c).

Schedule H—Definitions

nursery industry has the meaning given in clause 3.2

[340] Exposure drafts in all award stages will be updated to reflect this decision. Parties are at liberty to make submissions through the award stage process.

3.4 Coverage

[341] Ai Group raised the following issue in relation to the Market and Social Research Award 2010 (see paragraph [94]however the provisions are common to a number of awards and any consideration will have application across all award groups.

[342] Ai Group submit that clauses 3.4 and 3.5 in the exposure draft incorrectly refer to the ‘industry set out in clauses 3.1 and 3.2’because the definition of the industry is contained in 3.2 only. Clauses 3.4 and 3.5 refer to coverage of on-hire employees and group training services respectively and are included in most exposure drafts in the following form:

3. Coverage

3.1 This industry award covers employers throughout Australia who are engaged in the market and social research industry in respect of work by their employees in the classifications listed in clause 9—Minimum wages to the exclusion of any other modern award.

3.2 Market and social research industry means all market and social research including every process,trade,business or occupation on or in relation to or in connection with market and social research and all support work engaged in or in connection with market or social research,for both public and private purposes.

3.4 This award covers any employer which supplies labour on an on-hire basis in the industry set out in clauses 3.1 and 3.2 in respect of on-hire employees in classifications covered by this award,and those on-hire employees,while engaged in the performance of work for a business in that industry. This subclause operates subject to the exclusions from coverage in this award.

3.5 This award covers employers which provide group training services for trainees engaged in the industry and/or parts of industry set out at clauses 3.1 and 3.2 those trainees engaged by a group training service hosted by a company to perform work at a location where the activities described herein are being performed. This subclause operates subject to the exclusions from coverage in this award.

[343] As stated in paragraph [339],exposure drafts will contain the full definition of an industry in the coverage clause. Many exposure drafts have been drafted in a similar format with clause 3.1 determining to whom the award applies,in this case ‘employers throughout Australia who are engaged in the market and social research industry in respect of work by their employees in the classifications listed in clause 9’,while clause 3.2 provides a detailed definition of the industry referred to in clause 3.1. Most current awards refer to clause 3.1 only.

[344] This issue will be referred to the Plain Language Full Bench (AM2016/15) for determination.

3.5 References to the Fair Work Act

[345] A number of submissions have been made proposing that the reference to the Fair Work Act 2009 be amended to ‘the Act’in the coverage clause of the exposure drafts,given that the Fair Work Act 2009 is a defined term.

[346] We note the Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth) is not spelt out in full in every exposure draft. 291 Different approaches have been taken in conference between the parties:in Wine Industry Award the parties agreed to amend the reference to ‘the Act’,292 while in the Horticulture Award,the claim was withdrawn in conference.293

[347] The clause is worded slightly differently in awards,but in each case refers to employees not covered by the award as consequence of the Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth) or the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009 (Cth).

[348] An example clause is the Miscellaneous Award clause 3.4:

‘This award does not cover:

(a) employees excluded from award coverage by the Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth) (the Act);

(b) employees who are covered by a modern enterprise award or an enterprise instrument (within the meaning of the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009 (Cth)),or employers in relation to those employees;or

(c) employees who are covered by a State reference public sector modern award or a State reference public sector transitional award (within the meaning of the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009 (Cth)),or employers in relation to those employees.’

[349] The plain language modern award pilot recommended referring to Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth) as the ‘Fair Work Act’. In the plain language draft of the Pharmacy Industry Award (22 July 2016) references to the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009 were removed. 294 The most recent plain language exposure draft was redrafted to reflect the recent Award Flexibility decision.295 That decision considered whether spelling out the legislation in full was necessary in the context of the time off instead of overtime provisions296 and the Full Bench determined it was not necessary. Following this decision the plain language exposure draft replaced reference to ‘the Fair Work Act’with ‘the Act’.

[350] Given that every coverage clause refers to the Fair Work Act,whether the Act is spelt out in full or abbreviated should be consistent across awards. The impact of either option on the clause is not substantial. We have decided that when reference is made to the ‘Fair Work Act’within the award it will be removed and replaced with ‘the Act’. The definitions schedule will continue to define ‘the Act’as ‘Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth)’.

3.6 Casual overtime rates tables

[351] A number of parties across multiple awards seek to include casual overtime rates in the summary of hourly rates of pay schedule. At the mention on 6 June 2016,there was discussion at a general level about whether casual overtime rates should be included in the pay schedules. It was put that where there is a substantive entitlement for casuals to be paid overtime rates these rates should be included. The parties present at the mention did not oppose this position,provided there was an opportunity to review the content of the tables.  297

[352] There are some awards where the overtime rates of casuals are being considered by the AM2014/197 Casual Employment Full Bench. Unless parties have already agreed to include a casual overtime rate table, 298 the tables will only be put in awards,where applicable,following the outcome of the AM2014/197 Casual Employment Full Bench. Parties will be given an opportunity to review the tables.

3.7 Hourly rates of pay schedule –minimum hourly rate and percentage of ordinary hourly rate

[353] Ai Group contend that the rates in the hourly rates of pay schedule to a number of awards (generally Schedule B) contain rates which are calculated based on the minimum hourly rate,however the table in which the rates are included indicates that those rates are a “percentage of the ordinary hourly rate”.

[354] Based on the Ai Group submission in April 2016 it appears that in reading clause B.1.2 in isolation from B.1.1,the meaning of B.1.2 has been distorted. 299 The issue relates to wage rate tables in modern awards where all purpose allowance(s) only apply to some employees.300 In such cases the capsulated rates in the tables are based on minimum weekly or hourly rates,as Ai Group correctly noted. A provision in the schedule (usually clause B.1.2) states:

‘The rates in the tables below are based on the minimum hourly rates in accordance with clause XX.’

[355] For awards with an all purpose allowance which applies to some employees,the rates tables need to be read in context of the following clause (usually clause B.1.1):

Ordinary hourly rate is the minimum hourly rate of pay for an employee plus any allowance payable for all purposes to which the employee is entitled. Where an allowance is payable for all purposes in accordance with clause XX,this forms part of the employee’s ordinary hourly rate and must be added to the minimum hourly rate prior to calculating penalties and overtime.

[356] As determined in the July 2015 decision,any all purpose allowances which apply to an employee must be applied to the minimum rate of pay before the calculation of penalty rate. 301 This is how the employee’s ordinary hourly rate is calculated. As such,the tables correctly state the penalty applying is a ‘% of ordinary hourly rate’.

[357] To add clarity to the clauses,the parties at a conference for the Business Equipment Award 2010 parties proposed to insert the following to clause B.1.2:

‘Consistent with Clause B.1.1,all purpose allowances need to be added to the rates in the table where they are applicable’ 302

[358] At a conference before Commissioner Roe on 20 July 2016 Ai Group noted the amendment did alleviate some of the concerns raised,however if a reader looks at the table in isolation the issue remains. 303 The reader,Ai Group contended,will assume the table contains the ‘ordinary hourly rate’,which may mislead and confuse.

[359] Ai Group submitted that to address its concern requires ‘substantial changes to the approach which the Commission has taken in preparing exposure drafts’. 304 A preferred method to resolve the issue was not outlined.

[360] We accept the proposition that to include every pay rate,particularly for awards where all purpose allowances only apply to some employees,is not practical and would amount to a substantive change in approach. However, to improve the understanding of the rates table we propose that for modern awards that contain an all purpose allowance which applies to only some employees clause X.1.2 will be amended in accordance with the approach suggested in respect of the Business Equipment Award 2010 (see [357] above). Additionally a footnote will be marked next to ‘% of ordinary hourly rate’in the heading row of the rates table,which states:

‘Rates in table are calculated based on the minimum hourly rate,see clauses X.1.1 and X.1.2.’

[361] Where an award contains an all purpose allowance that applies to all employees and that allowance has been incorporated in the rates in the hourly rates tables,this will be identified by a note along the following lines:

xOrdinary hourly rate includes the industry allowance payable to all employees for all purposes.

[362] A list of awards containing all purpose allowances is at Attachment B. Parties are to provide any objections to this proposal and/or comments on the list of applicable awards and allowances by 4.00 pm on Friday 28 July 2017.

3.8 Reference to “allowances”,“rates”,or “loadings”as opposed to “shift penalties”

[363] Ai Group makes two main submissions in relation to what it has characterised as ‘premiums payable in awards’:

  • That the characterisation of premiums payable under an award has been altered in the corresponding provision in the exposure drafts;and,

  • The manner in which premiums have been expressed are incorrectly characterised. 305

[364] Ai Group contends that in some exposure drafts the current modern award terminology in regards to “shift loadings”,“allowances”,or “rates”has been changed to “shift penalties”. Ai Group seeks to revert to the terms of current award in each affected exposure draft. 306

[365] Ai Group cite the Group 1 Decision in relation to the Timber Industry Award 2010 where the Full Bench found,shift loadings:

‘…are not referred to as penalty rates in the award currently,and are better characterised as shift allowances. This should be corrected’ 307

[366] The Ai Group claim is that the use of the term ‘shift penalties’in the following exposure drafts changes the current award provisions and they seek to restore current wording:

  • Banking,Finance and Insurance Award clause 7.7(d) and B.2.1 of exposure draft,term ‘shift penalties’be substituted for ‘shift loadings’; 308

  • Legal Services Award clause 13.3(a) of exposure draft ‘shift penalties’be substituted for ‘shift rates’; 309

  • Legal Services Award clause 7.7(d) exposure draft ‘shift penalties’be substituted for ‘shift allowances’;and, 310

  • Business Equipment Award clause 14 of exposure draft,‘penalty rates’be substituted for ‘allowances’. 311

[367] Ai Group’s submissions highlight that the payment to compensate employees for working shiftwork,has been interchangeably called penalties,loadings,allowances,or rates in industrial awards. As part of the modern review process the Commission has sought to make the term consistent. As such the term ‘shift penalties’has been applied to exposure drafts.

[368] The use of ‘penalty’reflects the understanding that such payments are compensating for working outside sociable hours. In an Inquiry into Penalty Payments by the Queensland Industrial Relations Commission (QIRC) in 1981 the use of the term ‘penalty’was examined:

‘The Inquiry has been told that the term “penalty payments”is “no more than a common industrial colloquialism—coined decades ago”. Information before the Inquiry suggests that penalty payments have two basic factors—compensation to employees for disability or inconvenience arising from the time of day or day of the week on which they are required to work—and a deterrent to employers who require employees to work at times or on days regarded as being outside the prescribed times of ordinary working hours or beyond what are regarded as ordinary working days.’ 312

[369] Ai Group contend that a change of terminology may have implications for calculation of entitlements governed by State and Territory legislation,such as workers’compensation and long service leave. 313 They cite the examples of Workers Compensation Act 1987 (NSW) which defines employee’s ‘pre-injury average weekly earnings to include ‘any overtime and shift allowances’.314

[370] We consider the clause in this instance is suitably broad (‘any…shift allowance’) to cover payment for shiftwork whatever terminology used. At this stage we are not convinced that there is any detrimental impact in standardising the terminology around payment to compensate shiftwork.

[371] Conversely,if shift penalties were defined as allowances or rates,there may be some confusion as to whether payments made for all purposes would be included in the calculation for the payment of shiftwork. The July 2015 Decision inserted the following definition of ‘all purpose’in all exposure drafts,contemplating the impact on shift penalties: 315

all purposes means the payment will be included in the rate of pay of an employee who is entitled to the allowance,when calculating any penalties or loadings or payment while they are on leave’ 316

[372] If the term were now changed to shift allowances or shift rates,this may reopen matters which have been considered,and determined,by that Full Bench.

[373] Changes that were subsequently made to the Timber Industry Award 2010 and referred to in the Ai Group submission,did not reopen the July 2015 decision,as the relevant clauses in the Timber Industry Award clearly provide that shift payments are to be made on the employee’s ‘ordinary hourly rate’,which has been included in the definitions schedule to contain all purpose allowances.

[374] However we also note Ai Group’s revised position on the Timber Industry Award in its most recent submission which proposed the characterisation of the shift payments as rates rather than allowances:

‘Clause 23.3 [of the Timber Industry Award] is headed “Allowances for shiftworkers”,but the clause contains rates,not allowances. Clause 23.3(b)(v) refers to “shift premiums”. Clause 25.5(b)(ii) refers to “shift allowances”.’

[375] Throughout the exposure draft process the Commission has endeavoured to standardise terminology used in modern awards. The term ‘shift penalty’is consistent with s.139 of the Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth) which list terms that may be included in modern awards. Section 139(1)(e) provides that an awards may include a term about:

(e) penalty rates,including for any of the following:

(i) employees working unsocial,irregular or unpredictable hours;

(ii) employees working on weekends or public holidays;

(iii) shift workers;

[376] In most exposure drafts overtime and shift penalties have been expressed as,for example,150 per cent of the minimum hourly rate (or ordinary hourly rate where an award contains an all purpose allowance 317). In provisions where the reference rate may not be the minimum hourly rate ,such as when a travelling time loading is applied to a Sunday penalty rate,the penalty may be expressed as an additional amount for example ‘an additional 15 per cent of the applicable rate’.

[377] We are satisfied that a consistent approach on shift penalties is appropriate. While Ai Group proffers a return to existing terminology,an examination of the current award provisions shows there is no consistency between or even within modern awards. The Ai Group submissions on inconsistencies within the exposure drafts of the awards are noted and we will provide provisional views as to how these may be resolved.

[378] In addition to the claim,Ai Group put in a further submission,seeking that the Commission to address the impact of inconsistent use penalties and rates in relation to shift payments on annual leave loading provisions.318 It appears that these submissions are new and that other parties may like an opportunity to reply prior to the Full Bench forming its views on the issues.

[379] Parties will be provided with an opportunity to respond to Ai Group’s contention that the interaction between the annual leave payment clauses and shiftwork payment clauses creates issues,as identified in paragraph 10 of their 31 August 2016 submission. 319

3.9 Occupational health and safety references

[380] Uniform work health and safety laws have been adopted in all states,except Victoria and Western Australia. At the mention held 6–7 June 2016 it was proposed that the term ‘occupational health and safety’used in the exposure drafts should be amended to ‘work health and safety’. 320 The Commission’s view is that the terms can be used interchangeably;however given the model work health and safety laws have been adopted in nearly all states there is merit in updating the exposure drafts of the modern awards to reflect current terminology.

[381] The term occupational health and safety is used in the standard dispute resolution provision contained in all awards. This provision is being reviewed as part of the plain language modern award project. 321 Consideration will be given in that process to substituting reference ‘occupational health and safety legislation’with ‘work health and safety legislation’.

[382] Additionally the Commission has undertaken an audit of where ‘occupational health and safety’appears elsewhere in awards and proposed variations are listed in Attachment C. Parties are to consider the attachment to ensure all relevant clauses have been considered and to comment on any proposed variation. Any comments must be sent to amod@fwc.gov.au by 4.00pm on Friday 28 July 2017.

4. Next steps

[383] In relation to the term ‘occupational health and safety’parties are directed to consider Attachment C of this decision and provide comments by no later than 4.00 pm on Friday 28 July 2017 (see paragraph [381] above).

[384] In relation to the Higher Education Industry–Academic Staff–Award 2010 and the Higher Education Industry–General Staff–Award 2010,the NTEU is directed to respond to the Group of 8 submission that the public holiday substitution issue should be dealt with by this Full Bench. The NTEU is directed to respond by no later than 4.00 pm on Friday 28 July 2017 (see paragraphs [53]-[64]).

[385] Following determination of the coverage matters by the AM2016/5 Full Bench,a revised exposure draft for the Marine Towage Award 2010 will be published and parties will be provided with an opportunity to comment. (see paragraphs [83]-[89]).

[386] Revised exposure drafts will be published shortly for the following awards and parties will be provided with a final opportunity to comment:

  • Banking,Finance and Insurance Award 2010 (see paragraphs [12]-[16])

  • Business Equipment Industry Award 2010 (see paragraphs [17]-[39])

  • Coal Export Terminals Award 2010 (see paragraphs [43]-[44])

  • Contract Call Centres Award 2010 (see paragraphs [45][50])

  • Electrical Power Industry Award 2010 (see paragraphs [51]-[52])

  • Labour Market Assistance Industry Award 2010 (see paragraphs [65]-[77])

  • Market and Social Research Award 2010 (see paragraphs [90]-[103])

  • Miscellaneous Award 2010 (see paragraphs [104]-[105])

  • Port Authorities Award 2010 (see paragraphs [289]-[301])

  • Telecommunications Services Award 2010 (see paragraphs [312][319])

[387] Comments in relation to the revised exposure drafts must be sent to amod@fwc.gov.au by 4.00pm on Friday 28 July 2017.

[388] In relation to the Pastoral Industry Award 2010, a further conference will be convened on Monday 24 July 2017. The purpose of this conference will be to address the issues outlined at paragraph [146] of this decision,in particular the intended operation of clauses 17.2(c)(ii) and 36.10.

[389] Interested parties in the Pastoral Industry Award 2010 are directed to undertake the following:

  • file submissions regarding the payment of first aid allowance by no later than 4.00 pm on Friday 28 July 2017 (see paragraph [[113]);
  • file the joint paper outlined at paragraph [210] by Friday 28 July 2017;and
  • the AWU are to confirm their position regarding items 101 and 103 by no later than 4.00 pm on Friday 28 July 2017 (see paragraph [277]).

PRESIDENT

Attachment A —List of Group 3 awards by subgroup

    Award code

    Award title

    Matter No.

    Sub-group 3A

 

    MA000019

    Banking,Finance and Insurance Award 2010

    AM2014/217

    MA000021

    Business Equipment Award 2010

    AM2014/218

    MA000002

    Clerks Private Sector Award 2010

    AM2014/219

    MA000083

    Commercial Sales Award 2010

    AM2014/221

    MA000023

    Contract Call Centres Award 2010

    AM2014/222

    MA000094

    Fitness Industry Award 2010

    AM2014/227

    MA000099

    Labour Market Assistance Industry Award 2010

    AM2014/232

    MA000116

    Legal Services Award 2010

    AM2014/233

    MA000030

    Market and Social Research Award 2010

    AM2014/236

    MA000104

    Miscellaneous Award 2010

    AM2014/237

    MA000106

    Real Estate Industry 2010

    AM2014/242

    MA000082

    Sporting Organisations Award 2010

    AM2014/245

    MA000041

    Telecommunications Services Award 2010

    AM2014/248

    Sub-group 3B

 

    MA000075

    Educational Services (Post-Secondary Education) Award 2010

    AM2014/224

    MA000076

    Educational Services (Schools) General Staff Award 2010

    AM2014/225

    MA000006

    Higher Education Industry–Academic Staff–Award 2010

    AM2014/229

    MA000007

    Higher Education Industry–General Staff–Award 2010

    AM2014/230

    MA000112

    Local Government Industry Award 2010

    AM2014/234

    MA000121

    State Government Agencies Administration Award 2010

    AM2014/246

    Sub-group 3C

 

    MA000045

    Coal Export Terminals Award 2010

    AM2014/220

    MA000085

    Dredging Industry Award 2010

    AM2014/223

    MA000088

    Electrical Power Industry Award 2010

    AM2014/226

    MA000050

    Marine Towage Award 2010

    AM2014/235

    MA000051

    Port Authorities Award 2010

    AM2014/240

    MA000052

    Ports,Harbours and Enclosed Water Vessels Award 2010

    AM2014/241

    MA000122

    Seagoing Industry Award 2010

    AM2014/243

    Sub-group 3D

 

    MA000101

    Gardening and Landscaping Services Award 2010

    AM2014/228

    MA000028

    Horticulture Award 2010

    AM2014/231

    MA000033

    Nursery Award 2010

    AM2014/238

    MA000035

    Pastoral Award 2010

    AM2014/239

    MA000040

    Silviculture Award 2010

    AM2014/244

    MA000087

    Sugar Industry Award 2010

    AM2014/247

    MA000090

    Wine Industry Award 2010

    AM2014/249

Attachment B —List of modern awards containing all purpose allowances (see paragraph [362])

Award ID

Award title

All purpose allowances

Applies to:

MA000018

Aged Care Award 2010

Leading hand allowance (cl.15.3(b))

some employees

MA000046

Air Pilots Award 2010

Off-shore helicopter operations (cl.E.6.3)

some employees

MA000048

Airline Operations–Ground Staff Award 2010

Tool allowance–tradesperson (cl.21.20)

some employees

Full Category Aircraft Type Rating Endorsement payment (cl.21.21)

some employees

Transitional Category Aircraft Type Rating Endorsement payment (cl.21.22)

some employees

Special appointments–additional payments in maintenance and engineering stream (cl.21.24)

some employees

Category A Licence Holder (cl.21.25)

some employees

Category C Licence Holder (cl.21.26)

some employees

Maintenance and engineering stream–leading hand allowance (cl.21.27)

some employees

MA000060

Aluminium Industry Award 2010

Work conditions and disability allowance (cl.15.3)

all employees

MA000098

Ambulance and Patient Transport Industry Award 2010

Qualifications allowance (cl.14.2)

some employees

Paramedic skills allowance–Ambulance service Level 1 (cl.15.4(a)(i))

some employees

Paramedic skills allowance–Ambulance service Level 2 (cl.15.4(a)(ii))

some employees

Paramedic skills allowance–all other employees (cl.15.4(b))

some employees

MA000080

Amusement,Events and Recreation Award 2010

Special all purpose allowances for exhibition employees (cl.15.11)

some employees

MA000054

Asphalt Industry Award 20101

Industry allowance (cl.15.3(a))

all employees

Inclement weather (cl.15.3(b))

all employees

MA000091

Broadcasting and Recorded Entertainment Award 2010

Maintenance allowance (cl.32.2)

some employees

Broadcast Operator’s Certificate of Proficiency allowance (cl.32.5)

some employees

Television Operator’s Certificate of Proficiency allowance (cl.32.6)

some employees

Properties allowance (cl.32.7)

some employees

Director’s loading (cl.32.15(c))

some employees

Videotape post-production allowance (cl.32.16)

some employees

Videotape editing allowance (cl.32.17)

some employees

MA000021

Business Equipment Award 2010

Leading hand allowance (cl.22.1(a))

some employees

MA000055

Cement and Lime Award 2010

Industry disability allowance (cl.15.1)

all employees

Leading hand allowance (cl.15.2)

some employees

First aid allowance (cl.15.3)

some employees

MA000070

Cemetery Industry Award 2010

Industry allowance (cl.15.8)

all employees

MA000120

Children’s Services Award 2010

Qualifications allowance (cl.15.6)

some employees

MA000056

Concrete Products Award 20101

Industry allowance–employees other than those working in factories whose sole purpose is the manufacture of tiles (cl.16.1(a))

some employees

Industry allowance–employees working in factories whose sole purpose is the manufacture of tiles (cl.16.1(a))

some employees

MA000024

Cotton Ginning Award 2010

Leading hand allowance (cl. 17.3)A

some employees

Disabilities allowance (cl.17.4))

all employees

MA000085

Dredging Industry Award 2010

Dual certificate allowance–vessel laid up (cl.15.8(a))

some employees

Dual certificate allowance–fully operational vessel (cl.15.8(b))

some employees

MA000025

Electrical,Electronic and Communications Contracting Award 2010

Industry allowance (cl.17.2(a))

all employees

Tool allowance (cl.17.2(b))

some employees

Electrician’s licence allowance (cl.17.2(c))

some employees

Leading hands allowance (cl.17.2(d))

some employees

Nominee allowance (cl.17.2(e))

some employees

Electrical distribution line maintenance and tree clearing allowance (cl.17.2(f))

some employees

Rate for ordering materials–allowance for employees engaged in the building and construction industry in specified circumstances (cl.17.2(g))

some employees

MA000111

Fire Fighting Industry Award 2010

Availability allowance (cl.17.8(a))

some employees

MA000073

Food,Beverage and Tobacco Manufacturing Award 2010

Leading hands allowance (cl.26.1(a))

some employees

Heavy vehicle driving allowance (cl.26.1(b))

some employees

Boiler attendants allowance (cl.26.1(c))

some employees

MA000101

Gardening and Landscaping Services Award 2010

Leading hand allowance (cl.15.1) A

some employees

Tool allowance–tradespersons (cl.15.3(a))

some employees

MA000026

Graphic Arts,Printing and Publishing Award 2010

Visual display terminal allowance (cl.25.1(a))

some employees

Inserting allowance (cl.25.1(b))

some employees

MA000028

Horticulture Award 2010

Leading hand allowance (cl.17.1(a))

some employees

Wet work allowance (cl.17.1(b))

some employees

First aid allowance (cl.17.1(d))

some employees

MA000009

Hospitality Industry (General) Award 2010

Fork lift driver allowance (cl.21.2(a))

some employees

Fork lift driver allowance–part-time or casual employees (cl.21.2(a))

some employees

MA000062

Hydrocarbons Industry (Upstream) Award 2010

Licence allowance–electricians (cl.15.2(b))

some employees

Industry allowance (cl.15.3(a))

all employees

MA000029

Joinery and Building Trades Award 2010

Leading hand allowance (cl.24.1(a))

some employees

Industry allowance–employee engaged on joinery work,shopfitting,stonemasonry or outside work (cl.24.1(b)(i))

some employees

Industry allowance–glazier or apprentice glazier,engaged other than on factory glazing (cl.24.1(b)(ii))

some employees

Tool allowance (cl.24.1(c))

some employees

Stonemasonry tools and equipment allowance (cl.24.1(d)(i))

some employees

MA000067

Journalists Published Media Award 2010

Sub-editing allowance (cl.15.5(b))

some employees

MA000010

Manufacturing and Associated Industries and Occupations Award 2010

Leading hand allowance (cl.32.1(a))

some employees

Ship repairing allowance (cl.32.1(b))

some employees

Tool allowance–tradespersons and apprentices (cl.32.1(c))

some employees

Tool allowance–carpenter or joiner or shipwright/boat builder (cl.32.1(d))

some employees

Application of technical computing equipment allowance (cl.32.1(e))

some employees

Artificial fertilizers and chemicals allowance (cl.32.1(g))

some employees

MA000031

Medical Practitioners Award 2010

On call allowance:Senior Doctors (cl.24.2(c))

some employees

MA000011

Mining Industry Award 2010

Licence allowance–electricians (cl.14.2(c))

some employees

Industry allowance (cl.14.3(a))

all employees

Drilling,prospecting and exploration allowance–cooks and cooks assistants (cl.14.3(c)(ii))

some employees

MA000032

Mobile Crane Hiring Award 2010

All-purpose industry allowance (cl.13.2)

all employees

MA000033

Nursery Award 2010

First Aid allowance (cl.20.1(a))

some employees

Meal allowance (cl.20.1(b)) B

some employees

MA000072

Oil Refining and Manufacturing Award 2010

Industry allowance–other than clerical employees (cl.15.3(a))

some employees

MA000035

Pastoral Award 2010

Leading hand allowance (cl.17.4(a))

some employees

First aid allowance (cl.17.4(b))

some employees

MA000036

Plumbing and Fire Sprinklers Award 2010

Industry allowance (cl.21.1(b))

some employees

Plumbing trade allowance (cl.21.1(c))

some employees

Registration allowance (cl.21.1(d))

some employees

Special fixed allowance (cl.21.1(e))

some employees

Fire sprinkler fitting trade allowance (cl.21.1(f))

some employees

Industry disability allowance and space,height and dirt money allowance–Fire sprinkler fitter employees (cl.21.1(g))

some employees

Sprinkler fitters adjustment (cl.21.1(h))

some employees

Daily hire employees–lost time loading allowance (cl.21.1(j))

some employees

Leading hand allowance (cl.21.1(k))

some employees

MA000051

Port Authorities Award 2010

Electrician’s licence allowance (cl.14.1(d))

some employees

MA000052

Ports,Harbours and Enclosed Water Vessels Award 2010

Dual capacity allowance (cl.14.4)

some employees

Towing allowance–towing or carrying explosives (cl.14.20(a))

some employees

Towing allowance–masters engaged in towing non self-propelled bunker barges having a carrying capacity of 400 tonnes or more (cl.14.20(b))

some employees

MA000074

Poultry Processing Award 2010

Leading hand allowance (cl.20.1)

some employees

MA000057

Premixed Concrete Award 2010 1

Industry disability allowance (cl.15.1)

all employees

Leading hand allowance (cl.15.2)

some employees

First aid allowance (cl.15.3)

some employees

MA000037

Quarrying Award 2010

Industry allowance (cl.18.1)

all employees

Leading hand allowance (cl.18.2)

some employees

First aid allowance (cl.18.4)

some employees

MA000014

Racing Industry Ground Maintenance Award 2010

Tool allowance–tradesperson (other than carpenter) (cl.15.3(a))

some employees

Tool allowance–carpenter (cl.15.3(a))

some employees

MA000058

Registered and Licensed Clubs Award 2010

First aid allowance (cl.18.2)

some employees

MA000038

Road Transport and Distribution Award 2010

Transport worker grade 7–Driver of low loader with GCM exceeding 43 tonnes–for each additional complete tonne over 43 tonnes GCM (Schedule C)

some employees

Transport worker grade 10–Driver of multi-axle platform trailing equipment with specified carrying capacities:

      ●up to 150 tonnes
      ●over 150 and up to 200 tonnes
      ●exceeding 200 tonnes

    (Schedule C)

some employees

MA000107

Salt Industry Award 2010

Industry allowance (cl.15.3(a))

all employees

MA000040

Silviculture Award 2010

Special allowance (cl.14.2)

all employees

Industry allowance (cl.18.2)

all employees

MA000053

Stevedoring Industry Award 2010

Specialist functions allowance (cl.14.1)

some employees

Electrician’s licence allowance (cl.14.13)

some employees

MA000103

Supported Employment Services Award 2010

Leading hand allowance (cl.15.7)

some employees

MA000041

Telecommunications Services Award 2010

Technical stream–Team leader/leading hand allowance (cl.17.2(a))

some employees

MA000017

Textile,Clothing,Footwear and Associated Industries Award 2010

Instructor allowance (cl.26.1) C

some employees

Cards allowance (cl.26.3)

some employees

MA000071

Timber Industry Award 2010

Forest work (cl.21.19)

some employees D

Driving low loader–for each additional complete tonne over 43 tonnes GCM (cl.21.25)

some employees

MA000042

Transport (Cash in Transit) Award 2010

Mobile cash unit allowance (cl.16.1(b))

some employees

Industry allowance (cl.16.1(c))

all employees

MA000043

Waste Management Award 2010

Industry allowance (cl.20.6)

all employees

1 The hourly rates in the tables in the schedules to this award incorporate the all purpose allowance(s) which are payable to all employees (see paragraph [361]).

A This allowance was identified as being payable for all purposes in the exposure draft process
B This allowance was identified as not being payable for all purposes in the exposure draft process
C This allowance is payable for all purposes except for incentive payments
D This allowance is payable for to all employees except pieceworkers

Attachment C —Awards using term “occupational health and safety”

Stage

Matter

Award code

Award

Proposed amendment

4B

AM2014/254

MA000048

Airline Operations—Ground Staff Award 2010

A.3 Maintenance and engineering stream
A.3.1 Aircraft Worker 1 is an employee who is undertaking up to 38 hours induction training which may include information on the enterprise,conditions of employment,introduction to supervisors and fellow workers,training and career path opportunities,enterprise layout,work and documentary procedures,occupational work health and safety,equal employment opportunity,and quality control/assurance procedures.

4B

AM2014/255

MA000049

Airport Employees Award 2010

A.1 Technical services officers
A.1.10 Technical services officer Level 9
(c) Example of duties undertaken:

      (x) Have an understanding of personnel,occupational work health and safety and industrial relations matters and be able to act in accordance with relevant policies and procedures.

A.3.6 Ground services officer level 6
Employment at this level requires an employee to be proficient in duties ranging to and including Level 6 duties as specified by local agreement.
(a) Typical Level 6 duties:

      •Have a good working knowledge of rules,regulations pertaining to work duties (e.g. RPA’s,airport technical manual,Civil Aviation Orders (CAO’s) and Occupational Work Health and Safety (OH&S WH&S)).

4D

AM2014/256

MA000080

Amusement,Events and Recreation Award 2010

A.10.1 An employee appointed to this level undertakes three or more of the following duties:

(e) Responsible for all occupational work health and safety management in outdoor areas.

2B

AM2014/199

MA000118

Animal Care and Veterinary Services Award 2010

A.2.3 Level 2
A Level 2 employee will use limited discretion and initiative. Knowledge relating to the care of animals will be necessary.
Level of responsibility,skills and knowledge
An employee at this level will:
(a) following Occupational Work Health and Safety procedures in an animal care environment;

1D

AM2014/67

MA000001

Black Coal Mining Industry Award 2010

A.5.1 Open cut mines
The following lists are not exhaustive,but rather are indicative of the types of competencies utilised in open cut mines.
INDUCTION
Induction (Generic,Minesite);Interpersonal;First Aid;Fire Fighting;Occupational Work Health and Safety.

A.5.2 Underground mines
The following lists are not exhaustive,but rather are indicative of the types of competencies utilised in underground mines.
INDUCTION
Induction (Generic,Minesite);Interpersonal;First Aid;Fire Fighting;Occupational Work Health and Safety.

4D

AM2014/259

MA000091

Broadcasting and Recorded Entertainment Award 2010

61.4 All cinema employees—break between shifts
(a) Employees must have at least 10 consecutive hours off duty between the end of each shift and starting ordinary work on the next day or shift. Where the employer is satisfied that occupational work health and safety standards will be met,an employee may request and the employer may agree that a break of at least eight hours be substituted for the 10 hour break.

A.1.16 Make-up and Hairdresser

(e) Assistant Hairdresser or Make-up Artist
Skills,competencies,duties and responsibilities held and exercised

      (i) Assistant Hairdresser
      •Assists the hairdresser in the course of the hairdresser’s duties by ensuring that hairdressing devices are prepared in accordance with occupational work health and safety standards and station policy.

      (ii) Assistant Make-up Artist
      •Assists the make-up artist in the course of the make-up artist’s duties by ensuring that make-up materials and devices are prepared in accordance with occupational work health and safety standards and station policy. Responsible for quality of own work under supervision of Hairdresser/Make-Up Artist.


A.1.20 Set Design

(b) Senior Set Designer
Skills,competencies,duties and responsibilities held and exercised

      (iii) Skilled in occupational work health and safety (OH&S WH&S) regulations for construction,weights and manual handling.


A.1.22 Properties
(a) Property Person/Senior Studio Hand

      (x) Understands all OH&S WH&S regulations for manual handling procedures.


(c) Property Assistant/Studio Hand/Prop and Scenery Storeperson/Set Dresser
Skills,competencies,duties and responsibilities held and exercised
(xiv) Works under broad guidelines and OH&S WH&S regulations.

4C

AM2014/260

MA000020

Building and Construction General On-site Award 2010

21.10 First aid allowance

(b) The first aid allowance will be paid at the following additional rates:
(i) an employee who holds the minimum qualifications recognised under the relevant State or Territory Occupational Work Health and Safety legislation (or,in Western Australia,a Senior First Aid certificate of Industrial First Aid certificate or equivalent qualification from the St John Ambulance Association or similar body)—$2.75 per day;or

21.10 First aid allowance
(b) The first aid allowance will be paid at the following additional rates:
(ii) an employee who holds a higher first aid certificate recognised under the relevant State or Territory Occupational Work Health and Safety legislation (or,in Western Australia,a Senior First Aid certificate or Industrial First Aid certificate or equivalent qualification from the St John Ambulance Association or similar body)—$4.36 per day.

22. Special rates
(k) Asbestos
Employees required to wear protective equipment (i.e. combination overalls and breathing equipment or similar apparatus) as part of the necessary safeguards as required by the appropriate occupational work health authority for the use of materials containing asbestos or to work in close proximity to employees using such materials,must be paid an additional $0.81 per hour whilst wearing such equipment.

4E

AM2014/261

MA000095

Car Parking Award 2010

12.5 Car Parking Officer Level 2
(c) Tasks an employee at this level may be required to perform include:

•observing basic occupational work health and safety;

1B

AM2014/68

MA000055

Cement and Lime Award 2010

Now a part of the Cement,Lime and Quarrying Award. See Quarrying Award 2010 above.

4A

AM2014/263

MA000120

Children’s Services Award 2010

A.1.8 Level 5
Indicative duties
•Co-ordinate centre or service operations including Occupational Work Health and Safety,program planning,staff training.

1B

AM2014/70

MA000056

Concrete Products Award 2010

A.1.1 Undertaking the employer’s induction programme which may include information on the enterprise,conditions of employment,introduction to supervisors and fellow employees,training and career path opportunities,plant layout,work and documentation procedures,occupational work health and safety and quality assurance.

3A

AM2014/222

MA000023

Contract Call Centre Award 2010

A.2 Classification definitions
A.2.1 Customer contact stream—classifications
(b) Customer Contact Officer Level 1
(ii) Indicative tasks
An employee at this level would normally perform the following indicative tasks:
•follow occupational work health and safety policy and procedures;

(c) Customer Contact Officer Level 2
(iii) Indicative tasks
An employee at this level would normally perform the following indicative tasks:
•follow occupational work health and safety policy and procedures;

(e) Customer Contact Team Leader
(iv) Indicative tasks
An employee at this level would normally perform the following indicative tasks:
•follow occupational work health and safety policy and procedures;

2D

AM2014/201

MA000110

Corrections and Detention (Private Sector) Award 2010

A.2.4 Indicative tasks of a Correctional Officer are to:
•Comply with Occupational Work Health and Safety and Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO)/Affirmative Action requirements in accordance with relevant legislative requirements and contribute to the maintenance and improvement of safety and equity in the workplace.

A.3.4 Indicative tasks of a Correctional Officer—Perimeter/Security are to:
•Comply with Occupational Work Health and Safety and EEO/Affirmative Action requirements in accordance with relevant legislative requirements and contribute to the maintenance and improvement of safety and equity in the workplace.

A.4.5 Indicative tasks of a Correctional Supervisor are to:
•Comply with Occupational Work Health and Safety and EEO/Affirmative Action requirements in accordance with relevant legislation and contribute to the maintenance and improvement of safety and equity in the workplace.

A.5.3 Indicative tasks for a Court Security Officer are to:
•Comply with the Occupational Work Health and Safety legislation,other relevant legislation and EEO/EOWA requirements and contribute to the maintenance and improvement of safety and equity in the workplace.

A.7.3 Indicative tasks for a Custody Officer are to:
•Comply with Occupational Work Health and Safety legislation,other relevant legislation and EEO/EOWA requirements and contribute to the maintenance and improvement of safety and equity in the workplace.

1A

AM2014/71

MA000024

Cotton Ginning Award 2010

7. Classifications
7.2 Cotton ginning employee level 2 (CG2)

Employees at this level:

    (a) are workers who are in charge of operating a piece of machinery (mobile plant or gin machinery) where greater OH&S work health and safety considerations exist compared with CG1 roles;and

3B

AM2014/225

MA000076

Educational Services (Schools) General Staff Award 2010

A.2.6 Level 6
An employee at this level performs work above and beyond the skills of an employee at Level 5.

(e) Typical activities

      (i) Preschool/childcare services grade 5
      •Co-ordinating operations,occupational work health and safety,program planning,staff training

4E

AM2014/267

MA000073

Food,Beverage and Tobacco Manufacturing Award 2010

A.2.1 Level 1 (78% relativity to the tradesperson)
(b) Competencies
An employee at Level 1 performs general duties essentially of a manual nature,and:

(iii) is undertaking up to 38 hours’induction training which may include information on the enterprise,conditions of employment,introduction to supervisors and fellow workers,training and career path opportunities,plant layout,work and documentation procedures,occupational work health and safety,equal employment opportunity and quality control/assurance.

3D

AM2014/228

MA000101

Gardening and Landscaping Services Award 2010

A.1.2 An employee at this level is undertaking training for a period of not more than three months which may include information on the workplace,conditions of employment,introduction to supervisors and fellow workers,training and career path opportunities,workplace layout,work and documentation procedures,work health and safety occupational health and safety, equal employment opportunity and quality control/assurances.

2A

AM2014/203

MA000026

Graphic Arts,Printing and Publishing Award 2010

23. Refreshment entitlement
23.1 A reasonable opportunity is to be provided by the employer for each employee to pause to acquire a refreshment during the first half of the day or shift,at a time specified by the employer,subject to:

(d) maintenance of high standards of occupational work health and safety;and

Schedule A—Classification Definitions
A.2 Level 2
Employees at this level perform work above the skills of an employee at level 1 to the level of their competence,skill and training.
•understanding and applying occupational work health and safety (OH&S) practices and existing procedures applying in their work area at their level of training;

Schedule A—Classification Definitions
A.8 Level 8
Employees at this level perform work above the skills of an employee at level 7 to the level of their competence,skill and training. An employee at this level may have completed a trade certificate,AQF Certificate Level IV or equivalent training.
•participating in,developing and implementing appropriate occupational work health and safety practices in the area of work;encouraging staff under their supervision to accept and enforce safety requirements;

3B

AM2014/229

MA000007

Higher Education Industry—General Staff—Award 2010

A.2.1 Higher Education Worker Level 1 (HEW 1)
(a) Training level or qualifications
Employees at the base of this level would not be required to have formal qualifications or work experience upon engagement.
Employees engaged at the base of this level will be provided with structured on the job training in addition to up to 38 hours of induction which must provide information on the higher education institution,conditions of employment,training to be made available and consequent career path opportunities,physical layout of the institution/work areas,introduction to fellow workers and supervisors,work and documentation procedures,occupational work health and safety,equal opportunity practices and extended basic literacy and numeracy skills training where required/necessary to enable career path progression.

3D

AM2014/231

MA000028

Horticulture Award 2010

Schedule A—Classification Definitions
A.1 Level 1
A.1.2 General description
An employee at this level:
•undertakes induction training which may include information on the enterprise,conditions of employment,introduction to supervisors and fellow workers,training and career opportunities,plant layout,work and documentation procedures,occupational work health and safety,equal employment opportunity and quality control/assurance;


A.2 Level 2 employee
A.2.2 General description
An employee at this level:
•receives training in occupational work health and safety standards and practices relevant to the site;

A.3 Level 3 employee
A.3.2 General description
An employee at this level:
•receives training in occupational work health and safety standards and practices in work areas relevant to the site and appropriate to this award;

A.4 Level 4 employee
A.4.2 General description
An employee at this level:
•monitors the application of occupational work health and safety standards in work areas relevant to the site and appropriate to this level;

4C

AM2014/274

MA000029

Joinery and Building Trades Award 2010

A.1.1 Level 1 [relativity to Level 5—78%]
(a) An employee at this level will undertake up to 38 hours induction training which may include information on the company,conditions of employment,introduction to supervisors and fellow workers,training and career path opportunities,plant layout,work and documentation procedures,occupational work health and safety,equal employment opportunity and quality control/assurance.

4D

AM2014/276

MA000081

Live Performance Award 2010

A.1.1 Production and Support Staff Level 1

(b) The induction training may include information on the enterprise or production,conditions of employment,introduction of supervisors and fellow workers,training and career path opportunities,venue/workshop/plant layout,work and documentation procedures,basic theatre terminology and etiquette,occupational work health and safety,equal employment opportunity and quality control/assurance.

1C

AM2014/75

MA000010

Manufacturing and Associated Industries and Occupations Award 2010

A.3.3 Wage Group:C14
(a) Engineering/Manufacturing Employee—Level I

(i) An Engineering/Manufacturing Employee—Level I is an employee who is undertaking up to 38 hours induction training which may include information on the enterprise,conditions of employment,introduction to supervisors and fellow workers,training and career path opportunities,plant layout,work and documentation procedures,occupational work health and safety,equal employment opportunity and quality control/assurance.

A.3.13 Wage Group:C4
(a) Engineering Associate/Laboratory Technical Officer—Level I
(i) An Engineering Associate/Laboratory Technical Officer —Level I means an employee who works above and beyond a technician at the C5 level and who has completed the minimum training requirements specified in clause A.2.1 of Schedule A or equivalent and is engaged in:
•making of major design drawings or graphics or performing technical duties in a specific field of engineering,laboratory or scientific practice such as research design,testing,manufacture,assembly,construction,operation,diagnostics and maintenance of equipment facilities or products,including computer software,quality processes,occupational work health and safety and/or standards and plant and material security processes and like work and/or developing test procedures or manuals from test standards and like work;or

A.3.15 Wage Group:C2
(b) Principal Engineering Supervisor/Trainer/Coordinator
(i) A Principal Engineering Supervisor/Trainer/Coordinator means a Supervisor/Trainer/Coordinator who has completed a national advanced diploma or equivalent of which at least 50% of the competencies are in supervision/training and who when engaged at this level:
•possesses a sound knowledge of occupational work health and safety,industrial relations,and communications processes and is able to use this knowledge in training and leading the work of others;

3D

AM2014/238

MA000033

Nursery Award 2010

9.2 Ordinary hours of work
(c) The ordinary hours of work will not exceed eight hours on any day,provided that by arrangement between an employer and an employee ordinary working hours greater than eight but not exceeding 10 on any day may be worked subject to:
(i) the employer and employee concerned being guided by relevant occupational work health and safety provisions;

3D

AM2014/239

MA000035

Pastoral Award 2010

28.2 Piggery attendant level 1 (PA1)
(a) A piggery attendant level 1 (PA1) is:
•an employee undertaking up to 38 hours’induction training which may include information on the enterprise,conditions of employment,introduction to supervisors and fellow workers,training and career path opportunities,farm layout,production program,work and record keeping procedures and occupational work health and safety;or

Parties have already agreed to following changes,these changes made been made to the latest exposure draft:

23.2 Farm and livestock hand level 2 (FLH2)
An employee at this level includes:
(b) Feedlot employee grade 1 with more than three months’experience in the industry who:
•carry out workplace OH&S WH&S procedures.

23.4 Farm and livestock hand level 4 (FLH4)
An employee at this level includes:
(a) Feedlot employee level 2 who:
•carry out workplace OH&S WH&S procedures.

23.6 Farm and livestock hand level 6 (FLH6)
•carry out workplace OH&S WH&S procedures.

23.7 Farm and livestock hand level 7 (FLH7)
•carry out workplace OH&S WH&S procedures.

4C

AM2014/280

MA000036

Plumbing and Fire Sprinklers Award 2010

20.6 Wage-related allowances—Conditions for payment of allowances and additional payments required

(d) Asbestos materials
Employees required to wear protective equipment (i.e. combination overalls and breathing equipment or similar apparatus) as part of the necessary safeguards required by the appropriate occupational work health authority for the use of materials containing asbestos or to work in close proximity to employees using such materials must be paid an additional $0.81 per hour whilst wearing such equipment.

A.3.1 Work levels

(g) Plumbing and mechanical services tradesperson/Sprinkler fitter tradesperson Level 2

    ●has knowledge of occupational work,health and safety requirements subject to the level of their training;and

1B

AM2014/86

MA000037

Quarrying Award 2010

Please note:this exposure draft is renamed as the Cement,Lime &Quarrying award
D.2 Core competencies—cement and lime industry
(g) Basic
Elements:
(i) working safely and follow occupational work health and safety policies and procedures;

2D

AM2014/210

MA000014

Racing Industry Ground Maintenance Award 2010

A.5 Trackwork and Pool Supervisor

(c) ensuring the observance of the training track rules and regulations,with particular emphasis on occupational work health and safety and ensuring observance of safe practices by trainers and track riders,including the wearing of protective clothing;

A.7 Management Employee Level 2
An employee appointed to this level reports directly to the Committee of Management and undertakes three or more of the following duties:

(e) responsible for all occupational work health and safety management in outdoor areas;

4F

AM2014/283

MA000058

Registered and Licensed Clubs Award 2010

A.9.6 Maintenance and horticultural management level 2 means employee appointed to this level who reports directly to the Committee of Management and undertakes three or more of the following duties:

(e) responsible for all occupational Work Health and Safety management in outdoor areas;

2C

AM2014/212

MA000038

Road Transport and Distribution Award 2010

A.3.1 Skills/Duties

(g) In addition to the above,may be responsible for the proper application and maintenance of appropriate occupational work health and safety standards.

4A

AM2014/285

MA000100

Social,Community,Home Care and Disability Services Industry Award 2010

A.5 Social and community services employee level 5
A.5.2 Responsibilities
To contribute to the operational objectives of the work area,a position at this level may include some of the following:

      (i) monitor and interpret legislation,regulations and other agreements relating to occupational work health and safety,workers compensation and rehabilitation;

B.3 Crisis accommodation employee level 3
B.3.2 Responsibilities
To contribute to the operational objectives of the work area,a position at this level may include some of the following:

      (h) monitor and interpret legislation,regulations and other agreements relating to occupational work health and safety,workers compensation and rehabilitation;

D.5 Home care employee level 5
D.5.1 Accountability and extent of authority

(d) Employees with co-ordination responsibilities are also required to ensure that all employees under their direction are trained in safe working practices and in the safe operation of equipment and are made aware of all occupational work health and safety policies and procedures.

D.5.4 Management skills

      (b) The position requires an understanding of and ability to implement basic personnel policies and practices including those related to equal employment opportunity,occupational work health and safety and employees’training and development.

3D

AM2014/247

MA000087

Sugar Industry Award 2010

B.4.2 Wage Group:C14
(a) Engineering/production employee level I

      (i) An engineering/production employee level I is an employee who is undertaking up to 38 hours induction training which may include information on the enterprise,conditions of employment,introduction to supervisors and fellow workers,training and career path opportunities,plant layout,work and documentation procedures,occupational work health and safety,equal employment opportunity and quality control/assurance.

4A

AM2014/286

MA000103

Supported Employment Services Award 2010

A.1.1 An employee engaged in this grade will undertake up to 38 hours induction training which may include information on the employer’s business,conditions of employment,introduction to supervisors and fellow employees,training and career path opportunities,worksite layout,work and documentation procedures,occupational work health and safety,equal employment opportunity and quality control/assurances.

3A

AM2014/248

MA000041

Telecommunications Services Award 2010

A.4.2 Telecommunications Technical Employee

(c) Telecommunications Technical Employee (Customer Access Network)
(ii) Indicative tasks
The following tasks are indicative of those performed by an employee at this level:
•follow occupational work health and safety policy and procedures;

A.4.4 Advanced Telecommunications Technician

(c) Advanced Telecommunications Technician (Engineering)
(ii) Indicative tasks
The following tasks are indicative of those performed by an employee at this level:
•follow occupational work health and safety policy and procedures;

1C

AM2014/91

MA000017

Textile,Clothing,Footwear and Associated Industries Award 2010

A.1 Trainee
Training for new entrants will be determined in accordance with the needs of the enterprise,but will involve instruction aimed at assisting trainees to achieve the range of competencies required at Skill Level 1,including:
•the knowledge and skills required to apply relevant Occupational Work Health and Safety practices and procedures;

A.6 Skill Level 5
Employees at this level exercise the skills necessary to be graded at Skill Level 4 and have a comprehensive knowledge of enterprise products and processes and are principally engaged in specialist tasks.
•exercise the skills associated with Skill Level 4 and perform one or more of the following Team Leader activities:
implement and monitor occupational work health and safety policies and procedures;

1C

AM2014/92

MA000071

Timber Industry Award 2010

A.1 Level 1 (relativity 78%)
A.1.1 General

(d) Induction training
Induction training will include the following:
(i) basic occupational work health and safety;

A.2.1 General
An employee at this level performs work above and beyond the skills of a Level 1 employee and is competent to perform work within the scope of this level.

(d) General description of knowledge required in addition to that outlined in Level 1:

      (iv) awareness of occupational work health and safety procedures for pre-set cutting equipment,and other health and safety procedures;and

A.5.3 Harvesting,milling and processing,Manufacturing or Merchandising employee Level 5

(d) General description of knowledge required

      (vi) knowledge of occupational work health,safety techniques and legislation for work undertaken at this level;

B.1 Timber furniture production employee,Level 1 (relativity 78%)
A Timber furniture production employee,Level 1 is an employee new to the industry who is undertaking up to three months’induction and skill development consistent with national competency standards to prepare the employee for a productive role in the industry.

      The induction and skill development will include information on the enterprise,conditions of employment,introduction to supervisors,fellow employees,machinery and work processes of the enterprise,information on training and career opportunities,plant layout,work and documentation procedures,basic occupational work health and safety instruction and quality assurance.

C.1 Indicative tasks/skills
Employees engaged in the classifications contained in this Schedule will work to the level of their skills,competence and training and will perform work within the scope of their level as follows:
C.1.1 Level 1 (relativity 85%)
Employee undertakes induction training sufficient to allow the employee to participate in work training. Can undertake tasks under direct supervision and to the level provided in the induction training.

occupational work health and safety

C.1.6 Level 6 (relativity 105%)

•Observes occupational work health and safety and environmental policies,supervises other employees in safe working practices

C.1.7 Level 7 (relativity 110%)

•Carries out risk assessments,rectifies identified hazards,applies occupational work health and safety and environmental policies,and ensures safe working practices are followed

C.1.8 Level 8 (relativity 115%)

•Applies occupational work health and safety and environmental policies and/or legislation and ensures safe working practices are followed

C.1.9 Level 9 (relativity 120%)

      •Can establish safe working procedures and systems and participates in the establishment of occupational work health and safety and environmental policies

1C

AM2014/93

MA000089

Vehicle Manufacturing,Repair,Services and Retail Award 2010

This award is subject to amendments as provided in Full Bench Decision [2016] FWCFB 4418 ,which may impact the award in which the following changes are made.

A.1 Vehicle industry RS&R—employee—Level 1 R1 (entry)
An employee at Level 1 is an employee who has undertaken little or no formal or informal training. A Level 1 employee may be undertaking up to 38 hours of induction training. The induction training may include information on the enterprise,conditions of employment,introduction to supervisors and fellow workers,training and career path opportunities,plant layout,work and documentation procedures,occupational work health and safety,equal employment opportunity and quality control/assurance.

B.1 V1—Vehicle industry/production employee Level 1
B.1.1 A Vehicle industry/production employee—Level 1 is an employee undertaking up to 38 hours’induction training which may include information on the enterprise,conditions of employment,introduction to supervisors and fellow workers,training and career path opportunities,plant layout,work and documentation procedures,occupational work health and safety,equal employment opportunity and quality control/assurance.

B.11 V11—Vehicle industry engineering associate—Level I
B.11.1 A Vehicle industry engineering associate—Level I means an employee who works above and beyond a technician at Level V10 and has successfully completed third year part-time (or 22 modules) of an Advanced Diploma or equivalent and is engaged in:
(a) making of major design drawings or graphics or performing technical duties in a specific field of engineering,laboratory or scientific practice such as research design,testing,manufacture,assembly,construction,operation,diagnostics and maintenance or equipment facilities or products,including computer software,quality processes,occupational work health and safety and/or standards and plant and material security processes and like work;or

B.13 V13—Vehicle industry leading technical officer &Principal engineering trainer/supervisor/co-ordinator

B.13.1 ….
(a) Principal engineering trainer/supervisor/co-ordinator

      (i) A Vehicle industry principal trainer/supervisor/co-ordinator means a trainer/supervisor/co-ordinator who has completed an Advanced Diploma of which 15 modules are supervision/training modules or equivalent and who when engaged in this level:
      •possesses a sound knowledge of occupational work health and safety,industrial relations,and communications processes and is able to use this knowledge in training and leading work of others;and

Attachment D —Overtime meal allowance provisions

Award title

Award code

Clause number

Allowance

Qualifying conditions

Subsequent payment or conditions
(Y/N)

Restrictions

Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services Award 2010

MA000115

15.6(a)

Meal allowance

Beyond 1 hour after usual finishing hour

Yes - when overtime work exceeds four hours

Will not apply when an employee could reasonably return home for a meal within the meal break.

Aged Care Award 2010

MA000018

15.4(a)

Meal—first

Beyond 1 hour after usual finishing hour

Yes –when work exceeds four hours

Will not apply when an employee could reasonably return home for a meal within the meal break.

Airline Operations –Ground Staff Award 2010

MA000048

29.4(a) –(e)

Meal

Required to work in excess of 1 hour before normal starting time or in excess of 1 hour after usual finishing time.
Recalled to duty or required to work on RDO and works more than 4 hours.

Yes –for each period of 4 hours overtime worked.

If recalled to duty or required to work on RDO,employee must do 4 or more hours of actual work.

Airport Employees Award 2010

MA000049

30.10

Meal

Required to work a minimum of 2 hours overtime.

Yes –for each period of 5 hours continuous period of overtime worked.
Except where overtime worked on Sat,Sun,PH,RDO is planned and equals standard day/shift –only one meal allowance paid.

Only payable if a meal is not provided by employer and employee works overtime continuous with ordinary duty without a break for a meal;works continuous with ordinary duty;or works overtime on Sat,Sun,PH or RDO and is granted an unpaid meal break.

Alpine Resorts Award 2010

MA000092

17.1

Meal

Required to work more than 2 hours overtime.

 

Must not have been notified previous day or earlier.

Aluminium Industry Award 2010

MA000060

15.4

Meal

For each occasion employee is entitled to a rest break during overtime work.

 

Not paid if employer provides meal/meal making facilities;or employee was not notified the previous day/shift.

Ambulance and Patient Transport Industry Award 2010

MA000098

15.11(d)

Meal

More than two hours beyond normal finishing time.

  

Animal Care and Veterinary Services Award 2010

MA000118

16.2(a)(i)-(ii)

Meal—first

Required to work more than 1.5 hours overtime.

Yes - For each period of 4 hours overtime worked.

Is not notified prior to completion of work on the previous day that overtime is to be worked.
Not payable if an employer provides a “substantial meal”.
Second and subsequent meal allowances not payable when employee notified by the previous day that the overtime to be worked would require a second or subsequent meal.

Amusement,Events and Recreation Award 2010

MA000080

15.4

Meal

Required to work for 2 or more hours immediately after completion of ordinary hours.

 

Not to be paid if employer provides a meal.

Aquaculture Industry Award 2010

MA000114

15.2

Meal

Required to work overtime for more than more than 2 hours.

Yes –but only if the employee is not notified that a subsequent meal may be required.

 

Asphalt Industry Award 2010

MA000137

15.4

Meal

Required to work more than 1.5 hours after usual ceasing time.

Yes –first allowance 5.5 hrs after usual ceasing time and then each 4 hours thereafter.

Must not have received notification the previous day or earlier.

Not payable if employer provides meal.

Banking,Finance and Insurance Award 2010

MA000019

18.3(a)

Meal—first

Required to work 1.5 hours overtime.

Yes - If overtime exceeds 5.5 hours.

Period of overtime extends beyond 6.00 pm.

Black Coal Mining Industry Award 2010

MA000001

17.8

Meal

Required to work more than 1.5 hours past rostered shift.

Where overtime worked is not continuous with rostered hours.

Yes –after each 4 hours of overtime worked after crib break.

Yes –after each 5 hours worked.

Only payable if not notified previous day.

Broadcasting and Recorded Entertainment Award 2010

MA000091

43.1(b)

Meal—technical staff

Required to work more than 2 hours overtime.

 

Is not notified on the previous day or earlier that they are required to work.

62.1(a)

Meal—artists

Required to work not less than 2 hours after employee has completed 8 hrs work. Employee entitled to 2nd meal break.

 

Meal break to commence no later than 10 hours from commencement of day’s work.

63(e)

75.4

Meal—Actors

Meal –Motion Picture

When overtime duty is performed beyond midnight.

  

Building and Construction General On-site Award 2010

MA000020

20.2

Meal

Required to work overtime for at least 1.5 hours after ordinary hours.

 

Not payable to employee provided with board/lodging or is receiving distant job allowance and is provided with meal.

20.2(c)

Meal

Operator employee after completion of each 4 hours from the commencement of overtime.

Yes- after each 4 hours

 

Business Equipment Award 2010

MA000021

22.1(d)

Meal

Receive allowance for each rest break described in 30.3(d).

Yes –after each 4 hours.

Not payable if employer provides meal or employee lives in the same locality and can return home for a meal.

Rest break to be taken at commencement of overtime.

30.3(d)(i)

Required to work overtime.

30.3(d)(ii)

Required to work 2 or more hours after completion of ordinary working hours.

Car Parking Award 2010

MA000095

15.3

Meal

Required to work more than 2 hours overtime.

No

Not payable if notified previous day or earlier.

Cement and Lime Award 2010

MA000055

15.7

Meal

Required to work 2 or more hours after normal finishing time.

Yes –6 or more hours after normal finishing time and then every 4 hours thereafter.

 

Cemetery Industry Award 2010

MA000070

15.6

Meal

Required to work more than 2 hours after ordinary ceasing time.

Payable for each meal

Not payable if advised previous day.

Children’s Services Award 2010

MA000120

15.5

Meal

Required to work overtime for more than 2 hours.

No

Not payable if notified the previous day or earlier;or where meal is provided by employer;or where employee could return home.

Cleaning Services Award 2010

MA000022

17.6

Meal

Required to work an additional 2 hours.

 

Not payable if notified the previous day.

Clerks—Private Sector Award 2010

MA000002

19.3(a)

Meal allowance

If required to work for more than 1.5 hours of overtime after the employee’s ordinary time of ending work 

Yes –further payment when overtime exceeds 4 hours

Not payable if given 24 hours’notice

Coal Export Terminals Award 2010

MA000045

14.4

Meal

On each occasion the employee is entitled to a rest break during overtime work

Yes –each time employee is entitled to a rest break.

Not payable if notified previous day/shift;or
Employee could return home;or
Meal is provided by employer.

Concrete Products Award 2010

MA000056

16.7

Meal

Required to work more than 2 hours.

Yes –payment for subsequent meals.

Not payable if notified on previous day or earlier.

Contract Call Centres Award 2010

MA000083

20.4

Meal

Each occasion that the employee is entitled to a rest break

Yes –payment for subsequent meals.

Not payable if notified the previous day/shift;or
Employee lives in same locality and could return home.

Corrections and Detention (Private Sector) Award 2010

MA000110

15.1

Meal allowance

If required to perform more than two hours overtime duty

No

Not payable if employer provides meal

       

Cotton Ginning Award 2010

MA000024

17.2

Meal

Required to work overtime for more than 1 hour after ordinary ceasing time.

 

Not payable if notified the day before.

Dredging Industry Award 2010

MA000085

15.12

Meal allowance

If required to work overtime for more than 1.5 hours after ordinary finishing time

Yes –if owing to amount of overtime

Not payable if employer provides meal

Dry Cleaning and Laundry Industry Award 2010

MA000096

15.2

Meal

Required to work more than 1 hour after usual ceasing time.

 

Not payable if notified the day prior;or
Employer provides meal.

Educational Services (Post-Secondary Education) Award 2010

MA000075

15.4

Meal allowance

General staff required to work more than 1.5 hours of overtime after ordinary time of ending work without being given 24 hours’notice

Yes –where overtime exceeds 4 hours

Not payable if employer provides meal

 

MA000075

15.4

Meal allowance

General staff who work approved overtime for more than five hours on a Saturday or Sunday

Yes –where overtime exceeds 4 hours

Not payable if employer provides meal

Educational Services (Schools) General Staff Award 2010

MA000076

16.3

Meal

Required to work more than 2 hours overtime after the completion of a full day of work.

 

Not payable if employee could return home;or be entitled to meal provided to boarding students.

Electrical,Electronic and Communications Contracting Award 2010

MA000025

17.3

Meal allowance

If required to work overtime for 2 or more hours

Yes unless the employer advises on the previous day or earlier that the amount of overtime to be worked will necessitate the partaking of a second or subsequent meal 

Not payable if employer provides meal
Not payable if notified the previous day or earlier
Not payable if employee could reasonably return home for meals.

Electrical Power Industry Award 2010

MA000088

18.1

Meal

Required to work not less than 2 hours but not more than 4 hours before or after ordinary rostered hours. (25.4)

Yes –after 4 hours and each subsequent 4 hours.

 

Fast Food Industry Award 2010

MA000003

19.1(a)

Meal allowance

If required to work more than 1 hour of overtime after the employee’s ordinary time of ending work 

Yes- if overtime exceeds 4 hours

Will not apply if the employee is given 24 hours’notice
Not payable where an employee could reasonably return home for a meal within the period allowed

Fire Fighting Industry Award 2010

MA000111

17.2(a)

Meal allowance

Overtime worked more than 2 hours before or after rostered shift,on salvage duty,recalled to work or retained on duty

Yes - every 4 hours

Not payable if employer provides a meal

Fitness Industry Award 2010

MA000094

18.2

Meal allowance

If required to work overtime for more than 1.5 hours immediately after their ordinary hours of work

No

Not payable if employer provides a meal

Food,Beverage and Tobacco Manufacturing Award 2010

MA000073

33.10(a)

Meal allowance

4 hours after commencing overtime;or at the commencement of overtime if working overtime of 1.5 hours or more after completion of ordinary hours

Every 4 hours

Will not apply if notified no later than the previous day or shift,lives locally and could reasonably return home or provided with an adequate meal by employer

Funeral Industry Award 2010

MA000105

15.1

Meal allowance

Overtime of more than 2 hours after normal ceasing time

Paid allowance for each meal

Will not apply if notified the previous day or supplied meal by employer

Gardening and Landscaping Services Award 2010

MA000101

15.7

Meal allowance

If required to work overtime for 1.5 hours or more immediately after the completion of ordinary hours of work on an ordinary working day or immediately after the completion of eight hours of work on a Saturday,Sunday or public holiday

No

None

Gas Industry Award 2010

MA000061

15.2

Meal allowance

If required to work 2 hours or more of overtime
If required to work overtime on Saturday,Sunday or a public holiday and such overtime is worked in excess of four hours

Where overtime continues for each additional consecutive 4 hours worked

Not payable if a meal is provided for overtime on Saturday,Sunday,a public holiday or where overtime continues for each additional consecutive 4 hours

General Retail Industry Award 2010

MA000004

20.1(a)

Meal allowance

Overtime of more than 1 hour after ordinary finishing time

After 4 hours

Not payable if 24 hours’notice given
Will not apply if employee could reasonably return home

Graphic Arts,Printing and Publishing Award 2010

MA000026

25.2(b)(i)

Meal allowance

If employee or adult apprentice (other than a junior or an apprentice) is required to work overtime for more than 1.5 hours

Yes –subsequent meal break in accordance with cl 32

Not payable if notified on the previous day or earlier.

25.2(b)(ii)

 

If employee or an adult apprentice (other than a junior or an apprentice) has been so notified of such overtime and then is not required to work such overtime.

Yes –subsequent meal break in accordance with cl 32

 

25.2(b)(iii)

 

If a junior or an apprentice (other than an adult apprentice) is required to work overtime for more than 1.5 hours.

Yes –subsequent meal break in accordance with cl 32

 

25.2(b)(iv)

 

If an employee works overtime for 3 hours after ordinary finishing time and does not take a meal break in accordance with clause 32

Yes –subsequent meal break in accordance with cl 32

 

Hair and Beauty Industry Award 2010

MA000005

21.2

Meal allowances

If required to work more than 1 hour of overtime after the employee’s ordinary time of ending work

Yes - where overtime work exceeds 4 hours a further meal allowance will be paid

Not payable if employee is given 24 hours’notice.Not payable if employer provides meal or where any employee could reasonably return home for a meal within the period allowed

Health Professionals and Support Services Award 2010

MA000027

18.7(a)

Meal allowance

Overtime of more than 1 hour after ordinary finishing time or where the overtime on a shift for a shiftworker exceeds one hour

After 4 hours

Will not apply if employer supplies meal or could reasonably return home

Higher Education Industry–(General Staff)–Award 2010

MA000007

Schedule C

Overtime meal allowance

If work approved overtime beyond the ordinary hours of work for more than 2 hours on weekday or for more than 5 hours on Saturday and Sunday

 

Will not be paid if the employee can reasonably return home for a meal and then resume duty or a meal is provided by the employer

Horse and Greyhound Training Award 2010

MA000008

14.3(b)

Meal—overtime

Overtime of more than 1.5 hours

If notified the previous day that they are to work overtime but are then not required to work overtime they will receive the allowance

No mention

Not payable if notified the previous day or earlier

Horticulture Award 2010

MA000028

24.3

Meal allowance

If required to work overtime for more than 2 hours after employee’s ordinary ceasing time

Yes - If work extends into a second or subsequent meal break

Not payable if employee notified before leaving work on the previous day
Not payable if provided a suitable meal without cost

Hospitality Industry (General) Award 2010

MA000009

21.1

Meal allowance

If required to work overtime for more than 2 hours

If given notice of a requirement to work overtime and employee has provided a meal and is not required to work overtime or is required to work less than the amount advised

 

Not payable if employee is notified on the previous day or earlier
Not payable if employer supplies meal

Hydrocarbons Industry (Upstream) Award 2010

MA000062

15.4(a)

Meal allowance for overtime work

On each occasion that the employee is entitled to a rest break during overtime work

Yes - on each occasion that the employee is entitled to a rest break during overtime work

Not payable if employer provides a meal or meal-making facilities,notified the employee no later than the previous day or shift that the employee would be required to work the overtime,or employee is entitled to receive a living away from home allowance.

Joinery and Building Trades Award 2010

MA000029

24.2(b)

Meal allowance

If required to work overtime for at least 1.5 hours after working ordinary hours

 

Not payable in circumstances where provided for in clause 24.5(a) - Living away from home for a distant job

Labour Market Assistance Industry Award 2010

MA000099

16.1

Meal allowance

Where the employee works overtime in excess of 2 hours on any of the days upon which ordinary hours are worked or where the employee works 5 hours or more on a day which is not an ordinary working day

No

None

Legal Services Award 2010

MA000116

19.1(a)

Meal—overtime (Monday –Fri)

Payable when required to work not less than 1 hour of overtime and such overtime finishes 1.5hrs after the normal finishing time or 5 hours after the preceding meal break,whichever first occurs first.
Or in the case of a shiftworker,when the overtime on a shift exceeds one hour

Yes - when overtime work exceeds four hours

Will not apply when where the employer provides a suitable meal

MA000116

19.1(b)

Meal—overtime on Sat/Sun or RDO for a shiftworker

5 hours

Yes –after 9 hours

Does not apply where an employee could reasonably return home for a meal within the period allowed

Live Performance Award 2010

MA000081

46.4(a) &(b)

Meal

Where the employee has worked between 12 midnight and 8.00 am and who continues to work beyond 8.00 am.
Or
where the employee is required to work two performances back to back

Not payable where the employee commences work at or after 5.00 am.

No

Does not apply when where the employer provides a suitable meal

Local Government Industry Award 2010

MA000112

15.1

Meal allowance in relation to overtime

Employees who work more than 2 hours’overtime in a minimum of 10 hours on duty

Yes - where the employer requires the employee to continue working for a further 4 hours of continuous overtime work

A meal allowance is not payable where the employee has been notified at least 24 hours in advance of the requirement to work overtime,the employee is only required to work less than the time prescribed;or a meal is provided by the employer.

Mannequins and Models Award 2010

MA000117

14.2(c)(i)

Meal—1 hour overtime

Not less than one hour of overtime (Monday to Saturday inclusive) after their ordinary time of ending work

Yes –4 hours

Will not apply when where the employer provides a suitable meal (by agreement with employee)

MA000117

14.2(c)(iii)

Meal—overtime on Sunday

4 hours

Yes –8 hours

Will not apply when where the employer provides a suitable meal (by agreement with employee)

Manufacturing and Associated Industries and Occupations Award 2010

MA000010

32.4(f)(ii) and 40.11(a)

Meal

On each occasion that the employee is entitled to a rest break

Yes –after each 4 hour period

Not payable when employee notified no later than the previous day
Not payable if the employee could reasonably return home
Not payable if the employer provides an adequate meal.

Marine Tourism and Charter Vessels Award 2010

MA000093

14.2

Meals on overtime

When an employee,including a casual,is required to work overtime in excess of 1.5 hours before or after the usual commencing time

Yes –every 4 hours while overtime continues

Not payable if employee provided with a suitable meal free of cost

Meat Industry Award 2010

MA000059

26.2

Meal allowance

If required to work overtime for 1.5 hours or more after rostered finishing time

No

None

Miscellaneous Award 2010

MA000104

15.4

Meal—first

more than one hour of overtime after the employee’s ordinary time of ending work

Yes –4 hours

Doesn’t apply if given more than 24 hours notice

Mining Industry Award 2010

MA000011

14.4

Meal allowance for overtime work

On each occasion that the employee is entitled to a rest break during overtime work

 

Not payable if the employer provides a meal or meal-making facilities or if the employee was notified no later than the previous day or shift that the employee would be required to work the overtime

Miscellaneous Award 2010

MA000104

15.4

Meal allowance

If required to work more than 1 hour of overtime after the employee’s ordinary time of ending work

Yes - If overtime exceeds 4 hours a further meal allowance payable

Not payable if employee is given 24 hours’notice of the overtime
Not payable if meal provided

Nursery Award 2010

MA000033

20.1(b)

Meal

More than two hours after the employee’s ordinary ceasing time

Yes –5 hours (in accordance with second meal break)

Not payable if employee given more than 24 hours notice or if provided with a suitable meal

Nurses Award 2010

MA000034

16.3(a)

Meal

After one hour of usual finishing time. For shiftworkers,when the overtime work on any shift exceeds one hour.

Yes –4 hours

Not payable if the employer provides a meal or when an employee could reasonably return home for a meal within the meal break.

Oil Refining and Manufacturing Award 2010

MA000072

15.4(a)

Meal

On each occasion that the employee is entitled to a rest break during overtime work

Yes- on each occasion entitlement to a rest break arises

Not payable if employee notified on the previous day or shift. Not payable if the employer provides a meal or meal making facilities.

Passenger Vehicle Transportation Award 2010

MA000063

15.2(f)

Meal allowance

Work more than 2 hours’overtime beyond ordinary finishing time

No

None

Pastoral Award 2010

MA000035

17.3(g)(i) &17.3(g)(ii) and 36.5;36.10

Meal

Required to work overtime more than 1.5hrs after normal finishing time
Or if required to work more than two hours after ordinary ceasing time (without being notified before leaving work on previous day)

Yes –4 hours

Not payable if the employer provides a meal or notifies the employee 1 day prior

Pest Control Industry Award 2010

MA000097

15.5

Meal—overtime

Required to work overtime for more than two hours

 

Not payable if notified on the previous day or earlier they are required to work overtime or if supplied with a meal

Pharmaceutical Industry Award 2010

MA000069

19.6

Meal allowance

If required to work overtime for any period in excess of 1.5 hours after the usual hour of ceasing duty or after 5.45 pm,whichever is the earlier

When employee is notified the previous day of the intention to work overtime and overtime is not worked they must also be paid the meal allowance.

 

Not payable if supplied with an adequate meal from the employer’s canteen

Pharmacy Industry Award 2010

MA000012

19.1(a)

Meal—first

6 or more ordinary hours worked then required to work overtime or 1.5 hours after normal finishing time

Yes –4 hours

Not payable where employee notified on the previous day.
Not payable if the employer provides a meal

Plumbing and Fire Sprinklers Award 2010

MA000036

21.2(b)

Meals

If required to work overtime for at least 1.5 hours after working ordinary hours

Yes –allowance payable for each subsequent 4 hours

The employer may provide a meal or meals instead of paying any such allowance

Ports,Harbours and Enclosed Water Vessels Award 2010

MA000052

14.17

Meal allowances

If required to work overtime in excess of 1.5 hours after the usual ceasing time

Yes- overtime work continue for a further 4 hours

Not payable when employee notified the previous day
Not payable if provided with provided with a suitable meal

Poultry Processing Award 2010

MA000074

20.2(b)

Meal allowance

If required to work overtime for at least 1.5 hours after working ordinary hours

 

Not payable where a meal is provided by the employer

Premixed Concrete Award 2010

MA000057

15.7

Meal allowance for overtime

If required to work overtime for 2 hours or more after their normal ceasing time
If employee is notified of the requirement to work overtime but the employee is not called upon to work that overtime

Yes –employee entitled after six hours or more after their normal ceasing time and every four hours thereafter

 

Professional Diving Industry (Industrial) Award 2010

MA000108

15.5

Meal allowance–inshore divers

If required to work overtime for more than 2 hours on any day after the usual finishing time

Where employees are notified that they will be required to work overtime the following day and such order is cancelled after they have left work on the day on which they were notified they will be paid the meal allowance

 

Not payable if employees are notified the previous day that their services are required or a hot meal is provided by the employer.

Quarrying Award 2010

MA000037

18.9

Meal allowance for overtime

If required to work overtime for 2 hours or more after normal ceasing time
If employee notified of requirement to work overtime but employee is not called upon to work that overtime

Yes - entitled to meal allowance again 6 hours or more after their normal ceasing time and every 4 hours thereafter

 

Racing Clubs Events Award 2010

MA000013

20.6

Meal allowance

If required to work overtime for 1.5 hours or more immediately after the completion of ordinary hours of work on an ordinary working day or immediately after the completion of 8 hours of work on a Saturday,Sunday or public holiday

No

Not payable if employer provides a meal

Racing Industry Ground Maintenance Award 2010

MA000014

15.7

Meal allowance

If required to work overtime for 1.5 hours or more immediately after completion of ordinary hours of work on an ordinary working day or immediately after the completion of 8 hours of work on a Saturday,Sunday or public holiday

No

None

Rail Industry Award 2010

MA000015

15.1(a)

Meal allowance

If work more than 2 hours’overtime in a minimum of 10 hours on duty

No

None

Registered and Licensed Clubs Award 2010

MA000058

18.1

Meal allowance

Club employees (other than club managers) –if required to work overtime for more than 2 hours

Where employee given notice of a requirement to work overtime has provided a meal and is not required to work overtime or is required to work less than the amount advised,the employee must be paid as for the meal which they have provided

 

Club employees (other than club managers) –Not payable when employee notified on the previous day or earlier or where a meal is supplied

Restaurant Industry Award 2010

MA000119

24.1

Meal allowance

A full-time or part-time employee required to work overtime for more than 2 hours

If employee provides meal and is not required to work overtime or is required to work less than the amount advised,the employee will be paid for the meal which the employee has provided but which is surplus

 

Not payable when employee is notified on the previous day or earlier

Road Transport and Distribution Award 2010

MA000038

26.3 &16.4(e)

26.3 Meal allowance

If required to work overtime for 2 continuous hours or more
If required to commence work 2 hours or more prior to the normal starting time

 

Not payable if employer supplies a meal

Salt Industry Award 2010

MA000107

15.4(b)

Meal allowance for overtime work

If required to work more than 2 hours overtime

 

Not payable if employer provides a meal or meal-making facilities or if the employee was notified no later than the previous day or shift that the employee would be required to work the overtime

Seafood Processing Award 2010

MA000068

26.8

Meal allowance

On each occasion the employee is entitled to a rest break in accordance with clause 26.7 (employee entitled to rest break after each 4 hours of overtime)

If employee has provided a meal or meals on the basis that they have been given notice to work overtime and is not required to work overtime or work less than the amount advised,employee must be paid the meal allowance for the meal or meals which they have provided

Yes - after each 4 hours

Not payable if employee is a day worker and was notified no later than the previous day that they would be required to work such overtime,
employee is a shiftworker and was notified no later than the previous day or previous rostered shift that they would be required to work overtime,
employee lives in the same locality as the enterprise and could reasonably return home for meals or if theemployee is provided with an adequate meal by the employer

Security Services Industry Award 2010

MA000016

15.3

Meal allowance

If required to work more than 1 hour beyond the completion of the employee’s ordinary shift.

 

Not payable if employee was notified the previous day of the requirement to work additional time

Silviculture Award 2010

MA000040

18.4

Meal allowance

If required to work in excess of 1.5 hours’overtime after working ordinary hours

 

Not payable if employer provides a suitable meal

Social,Community,Home Care and Disability Services Industry Award 2010

MA000100

28.5 &20.3

Meal allowances

If required to work more than 1 hour after the usual finishing hour of work or for shiftworkers,when the overtime work on any shift exceeds one hour.

Yes - where overtime work exceeds 4 hours

Not payable if employee supplied with an adequate meal where an employer has adequate cooking and dining facilities or if employee could reasonably return home for a meal within the meal break

Sporting Organisations Award 2010

MA000082

18.4

Overtime meal allowance—clerical and administrative staff

Where an employee is required to work overtime after 7.00 pm

 

Not payable when the employer supplies to the employee a substantial meal

State Government Agencies Award 2010

MA000121

15.3

Overtime meal allowance

If required to work overtime which:

    ●immediately follows or immediately precedes a scheduled period of ordinary duty and is not less than 2 hours;
    ●does not immediately follow or immediately precede a scheduled period of ordinary duty
    ●includes a meal break of not less than 20 minutes taken prior to the completion and not less than four hours after the commencement of the overtime,or
    ●where the taking of a meal break is precluded by reason of safety requirements,is not less than 4 hours

 

If an employee purchases a meal of two or more courses at a canteen,cafeteria,mess room or dining room conducted by the employer which is less than the allowance,the employee must be reimbursed the actual cost of such a meal instead of the allowance

Stevedoring Industry Award 2010

MA000053

17.3(e)

Meal –day workers

If required to work overtime on a Saturday or Sunday or a public holiday

 

Not payable if the employer provides a meal

Stevedoring Industry Award 2010

MA000053

18.13(b)

Meal –shiftworkers

If required to work more than an hour after or before their normal finishing or starting time including where a double header is worked
or
required to work overtime on a day shift on a Saturday or any shift on a Sunday or public holiday

  

Storage Services and Wholesale Award 2010

MA000084

16.1

Meal allowance

If required to work overtime in excess of 1 hour after the usual finishing time

 

Meal allowance will not be payable to an employee who can reasonably return home for a meal.

Sugar Industry Award 2010

MA000087

23.2

Meal—bulk sugar terminal employees

If required to work for more than one hour after the fixed ceasing time

Yes- each further 4 hours

If employee not notified of requirement to work overtime in sufficient time to arrange a meal,one must be provided free of charge

Sugar Industry Award 2010

MA000087

22.23

Meal—milling,distillery,refinery and maintenance employees

If required to work for more than one hour after the fixed ceasing time

Yes- each further 4 hours

If employee not notified of requirement to work overtime in sufficient time to arrange a meal,one must be provided free of charge

Supported Employment Services Award

MA000103

21.4 &15.3

Meal allowance

An employee working beyond 6.00 pm

Yes - if overtime continues beyond 10.00 pm

Not payable if provided with suitable meal

Surveying Award 2010

MA000066

16.1

Meal—Sunday or public holiday

After 4 hours

Yes –4 hours

Not payable if the employer provides an adequate meal

Surveying Award 2010

MA000066

23.7,23.8

Meal

Beyond 2 hours after the usual finishing time

Yes –4 hours

Not payable if the employer provides an adequate meal

Telecommunications Services Award 2010

MA000041

17.1(d)

Meal

After 4 hours

Yes –4 hours

Not payable if notified no later than the previous day/previous rostered shift that they would be required to work overtime

Textile,Clothing,Footwear and Associated Industries Award 2010

MA000017

40.1

Meal breaks

If required to work in excess of 1.5 hours overtime

If notice of overtime is given and then not worked (except as a result of a breakdown in machinery or plant) the meal allowance provided must still be paid.

Yes- no later than four hours after each meal break during overtime

Meal allowance does not apply if the employer provides an adequate meal.

Subsequent meal allowance not payable if employer notified employee on the previous day or earlier,that such second or subsequent meal will also be required

employee will not be entitled to the meal break (and meal allowance) if the overtime is worked on a day where there is an early finishing time,except where a total of five and a half hours will be worked (inclusive of overtime) following the midday meal break

Timber Industry Award 2010

MA000071

21.6

Meal allowance

If required to work overtime for 2 hours or more without being notified the day before that the employee will be so required to work

If employee provides meal and is not required to work overtime or is required to work less than the amount advised the employee will be paid as for the meal provided.

Yes –after further 4 hours’overtime

Not payable if employer supplies meal or employees live in the same locality as their place of employment and can reasonably return home for meal
Subsequent allowance not payable if employer advises an employee on the previous day that the amount of overtime to be worked will necessitate a second or subsequent meal

Transport (Cash in Transit) Award 2010

MA000042

16.2(d)

Meal allowance

If required to continue working after 6.00 pm on Monday to Friday inclusive or after 1.00 pm on Saturday

 

Not payable if employee continues working because of the employee’s own default or delay

Vehicle Manufacturing,Repair,Services and Retail Award 2010

MA000089

19.5(b);

Meal

If required to work overtime for more than one and a half hours

 

Does not apply to employees principally employed to perform vehicle sales related duties.

Not payable when employee notified on the previous day or earlier that overtime would be required.

Second or subsequent meal only payable if the employee not notified that the overtime would necessitate the taking of a second or subsequent meal.

Not payable to an employee who
could reasonably return home.

Vehicle Manufacturing,Repair,Services and Retail Award 2010

MA000089

44.7(b)

Meal

Applicable where vehicle industry RS&R employees are required to work for more than 2 houras after 6pm

 

Not payable when employee notified on previous day or earlier

Not payable if the employee could reasonably return home.

Vehicle Manufacturing,Repair,Services and Retail Award 2010

MA000089

61.4

Meal—overtime

Applicable where drafting,planning and technical employees are required to work more than one and a half hours overtime after working ordinary hours

Yes –4 hours

Not payable if the employer provides a meal

Waste Management Award 2010

MA000043

29.9(c)

Meal–overtime

Required to work 2 hours or more of overtime

 

Not payable if prior notification given

Waste Management Award 2010

MA000043

29.9(d)

Meal–overtime

Required to commence work two hours or more prior to the normal agreed starting time

No

None

Water Industry Award 2010

MA000113

19.2(a)

Meal—first

When required to work more than 2 hours of overtime or more than 10 continuous hours on any one day (exclusive of unpaid meal breaks)

Yes –4 hours

Not payable where the employee has been notified in advance of the requirement to work overtime or where a meal is provided by the employer

Wine Industry Award 2010

MA000090

24.3

Meal allowance

On each occasion they work overtime in excess of 2 hours following their ordinary day or shift.

 

Meal allowance need not be made to an employee who can reasonably return home for a meal or who has been notified the day before that they will be required to work overtime or where the employee is provided with an adequate meal by the employer.

Wool Storage,Sampling and Testing Award 2010

MA000044

17.3

Meal allowance for overtime work

On each occasion that the employee is entitled to a rest break during overtime work

Yes –on each occasion entitled to rest break.

Allowance is not required to be paid if the employer provides a meal or meal-making facilities or if the employee was notified no later than the previous day or shift that they would be required to work the overtime

 1   See also [2015] FWC 7253;[2015] FWC 618; [2014] FWC 8985; [2014] FWC 8575

 2   [2014] FWCFB 9412

 3   [2015] FWCFB 4658

 4   [2015] FWCFB 6656

 5   [2015] FWCFB 3023

 6   [2015] FWCFB 4466;[2015] FWCFB 6847;[2016] FWCFB 2602;[2016] FWCFB 4258;[2016] FWCFB 4579;and [2016] FWCFB 6178

 7   [2015] FWCFB 3406;[2015] FWCFB 5771;[2016] FWCFB 3177;[2016] FWCFB 3953;and [2016] FWCFB 6836

 8   [2015] FWCFB 2575 and [2015] FWCFB 3523

 9   Full Bench report,22 April 2016

 10   Transcript,20 July 2016

 11   [2015] FWCFB 6656 at [85]

 12   [2015] FWCFB 6656 at [102]

 13   [2015] FWCFB 6656 at [106] and [109]

 14   [2015] FWCFB 6656 at [110]

 15   Ai Group,submission –exposure drafts,14 April 2016 at para 128

 16   Ai Group,submission –exposure drafts,14 April 2016 at para 129.

 17   News Corp,Bauer Media Limited,Pacific Magazines Limited,Seven Network Operations Limited and its related entities,Network Ten Pty Ltd and its related entities and the Nine Network and its related entities

 18   [2016] FWCFB 1294

 19   NTEU Correspondence ,8 June 2016

 20   Go8 Correspondence,10 June 2016

 21   [2015] FWC 7253

 22   Transcript,7 June 2016 at PN148

23 NTEU Correspondence,8 June 2016

 24   Go8 Correspondence,10 June 2016

 25   [2015] FWC 7253

 26   Transcript,7 June 2016 at PN148

 27   See Statement [2016] FWC 1838 attaching Amended Directions

 28   AFEI,submission - exposure drafts,15 April 2016;submission in reply - exposure drafts ,6 May 2016

 29   ABI,submission - exposure drafts,15 April 2016;submission in reply - exposure drafts,6 May 2016

 30   ASU submission,2 March 2015

 31   Jobs Australia,submission,2 March 2015;submission –exposure draft,14 April 2016

 32   Transcript,6 June 2016

 33   Jobs Australia;AFEI;ABI;ASU;and CPSU appeared before the Commission

 34   Transcript,30 June 2016 at PN1602–1608

 35   ASU correspondence,10 June 2016

 36   Transcript,30 June 2016

 37   ASU,AFEI;ABI and Jobs Australia

 38   FWC correspondence to AFEI,21 October 2016

 39   ASU Correspondence,25 July 2016

 40   Jobs Australia submission –classifications,29 June 2016

 41   Transcript,7 June 2016 at PN40

 42   See Statement [2016] FWC 1838 attaching Amended Directions

 43   MUA submission –exposure draft,14 April 2016

 44   MIAL submission –exposure draft,14 April 2016

 45   See Statement [2016] FWC 1838 and Directions,26 April 2016

46 Transcript,6 June 2016

 47   Transcript,4 August 2016

 48   Transcript,4 August 2016,also see Statement [2016] FWC 7768

 49   See Statement [2016] FWC 1838 attaching Amended Directions

 50   Transcript,6 June 2016

 51   Transcript,30 June 2016

 52   Transcript,30 June 2016 at PN117-182

 53   Report to the Full Bench,6 July 2016

 54   Ai Group amended submission,4 July 2016

 55   See Market Research Industry - Consolidated Award 2003 [AP827717] at clause 25

 56   See Market Research Industry - Consolidated Award 2003 [AP827717] at clause 18

 57   See Statement [2016] FWC 1838 attaching Amended Directions

 58   ABI submission,15 April 2016

 59   AFEI submission,15 April 2016

 60   Ai Group submission,14 April 2016;and reply submission,8 May 2016

 61   Transcript,6 June 2016

 62   Transcript,6 June 2016 at PN 1660–1670

63 Refer to decisions [2016] FWCFB 4393,8 July 2016 and [2015] FWCFB 8810,24 December 2015;and Statement [2016] FWCFB 7570

 64   Exposure Draft,15 January 2016

 65   Comparison Document,15 January 2016

 66   [2016] FWC 1838,at Attachment B

 67   ABI,submission - exposure drafts,15 April 2016;and ABI,submission in reply - exposure drafts,6 May 2016

 68   AFEI,submission - exposure drafts,15 April 2016

 69   AWU,submission - exposure draft,17 April 2016;and reply submission,5 May 2016

 70   Business SA submission - exposure drafts,15 April 2016;and Business SA submission in reply - exposure drafts,6 May 2016;and Business SA,correspondence –conference matters,8 July 2016

 71   NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016;NFF,submission in reply - exposure draft,5 May 2016;NFF correspondence - exposure draft,30 May 2016;supplementary submission - exposure draft,16 June 2016;and NFF,submission,8 July 2016

 72   Transcript,6 June 2016

 73   Summary of Submissions,4 July 2016

 74   Transcript,4 July 2016

 75   [2016] FWC 5837

 76   Transcript,24 August 2016

 77   [2016] FWC 6060

 78   [2016] FWC 6060

 79   Transcript,4 July 2016

 80   The modern awards in this group (as identified by the parties) include:Aquaculture Award 2010 [MA000114];Horticulture Award 2010 [MA000028];Pastoral Industry Award 2010 [MA000035];Seafood Processing Award 2010 [MA000068]; Silviculture Award 2010 [MA000040];Sugar Award 2010 [MA000087];and Wine Industry Award 2010 [MA000090]

 81   Comparison document,‘wine industry’definition,7 October 2016

 82   Potential inconsistencies between the General Employment Conditions and streams,7 October 2016

 83   Summary of parties' positions - items 30 and 62 of revised summary of submissions,7 October 2016

 84   Comparison document - annual leave loading provision,7 October 2016

 85   [2016] FWC 6060

 86   ABI,submission –revised exposure draft and summary of submissions,27 September 2016

 87   NFF,submission –revised exposure draft and summary of submissions,28 September 2016

 88   ABI,submission –revised exposure draft and summary of submissions,27 September 2016

 89   NFF,submission –revised exposure draft and summary of submissions,28 September 2016 at para 5

 90   NFF,submission –revised exposure draft and summary of submissions,28 September 2016 at para 5 and Attachment A;and NFF,supplementary submission - exposure draft,16 June 2016,at Attachment A

 91   NFF,submission –revised exposure draft and summary of submissions,28 September 2016 see table at para 6

 92   NFF,submission –revised exposure draft and summary of submissions,28 September 2016 at para 7

 93   Directions,5 October 2016

 94   See Transcript,4 July 2016 at paras 127–163;NFF,submission –revised exposure draft and summary of submissions,28 September 2016,line one of table at para 9;and NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at paras 75–76

 95   See Transcript,4 July 2016,at PN184–237

 96   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 36

 97   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 30

 98   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at paras 35 and 53

 99   See Transcript,4 July 2016,at PN 184-237

 100   NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at para 68

 101   SCAA,submission in reply,20 October 2016

102 Potential inconsistencies between the General Employment Conditions and streams,6 October 2016

 103   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at paras 66–79

 104   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at paras 66–68

 105   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at para 69

 106   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at para 70

 107   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at paras 71–72

 108   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at para 73–74

 109   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at paras 75–79

 110   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 25

 111   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,paras 27–28

 112   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 29

 113   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at paras 13 and 15

 114   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at para 14

 115   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at para 16

 116   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at para 17

 117   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at para 18

 118   NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at para 35;and NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 31

 119   AWU,submission - exposure draft,17 April 2016,at para 13

 120   Business SA,submission in reply - exposure draft,6 May 2016,at para 11.11

 121   NFF,submission in reply - exposure draft,5 May 2016,at para. 17

 122   NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at para 47;NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 32

 123   NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at para 48

 124   NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at para 49

 125   NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at para 49

 126   See clause 32.7(a) of the revised exposure draft and clauses 36.5 and 36.10 of the Pastoral Industry Award 2010 [MA000035]

 127   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 34

 128   AWU,submission - exposure draft,17 April 2016,at para 14

 129   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,5 May 2016,at para 25

 130   See clause 26.1 of Pastoral award Exposure draft;clause 30.1 of Pastoral Industry Award 2010 [MA000035]

 131   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,5 May 2016,at para 26

 132   Business SA,submission - exposure drafts,15 April 2016,at para 11.2.5

 133   Business SA,submission - exposure drafts,15 April 2016,at para 11.2.5

 134   Business SA,submission - exposure drafts,15 April 2016,at para 11.2.5

 135   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 34

 136   Business SA,submission in reply - exposure draft,6 May 2016,at para 11.13

 137   AWU,submission - exposure draft,17 April 2016,at para 16

 138   Transcript,4 July 2016,at paras 302–306

 139   Transcript,4 July 2016,at para 301

 140   Transcript,4 July 2016,at PN312

 141   Transcript,4 July 2016,at PN324

 142   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at para 20;AWU,submission - exposure draft,17 April 2016,at para 23;AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at paras 33;Business SA,submission - exposure drafts,15 April 2016,at 11.2.9;NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at paras 61–63;and NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at paras 37–39

 143   ABI,submission - exposure drafts,15 April 2016,at para 19.7

 144   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 40;and NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at paras 66–67

 145   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 40

 146   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 42

 147   NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at para 69

 148   NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at para 70

 149   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at para 10

 150   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at para 11

 151   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at para 11,(submission referring to clause 6.4(d) of exposure draft)

 152   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at para 11,(submission referring to clause 26.1 of exposure draft)

 153   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at para 12

 154   Transcript,4 July 2016,at PN 424-426

 155   FWO,correspondence,2 March 2015,at item 29

 156   FWO,correspondence,2 March 2015,at item 29

 157   Transcript,4 July 2016,at PN 498

 158   AWU,submission - exposure draft,17 April 2016,at para 31

 159   Transcript,4 July 2016,at PN 497 and see more generally discussion at PN 488–498

 160   Transcript,4 July 2016,at PN 489

 161   NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at para 74;and Transcript,4 July 2016,at PN 482

 162   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at para 24

 163   AWU,submission - exposure draft,17 April 2016,at para 28

 164   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at para 26

 165   AWU,submission - exposure draft,17 April 2016,at para 29

 166   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 44;and AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at para 23

 167   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 44

 168   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 45

 169   AWU,submission - exposure draft,17 April 2016,at para 31;and AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at para 27

 170   AWU,submission - exposure draft,17 April 2016,at para 31

 171   AWU,submission - exposure draft,17 April 2016,at para 30

 172   AWU,submission - exposure draft,17 April 2016,at para 30

 173   AWU,submission - exposure draft,17 April 2016,at para 31

 174   ABI,submission in reply - exposure drafts,6 May 2016,at para 19.5

 175   AWU,submission - exposure draft,17 April 2016,at paras 50 and 52

 176   NFF,submission in reply - exposure draft,5 May 2016,at para 42

 177   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at para 29;and NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at paras 80–81

 178   NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at para 81;and NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 46

 179   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at para 28

 180   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 49;and NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at para 81 on pp. 14–15

 181   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 49

 182   NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at para 81 on pp 14–15;and NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 46 on p.7

 183   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at paras 29-30

 184   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at paras 30–31

 185   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 48

 186   NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at para 81;and NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 47

 187   AWU,submission - exposure draft,17 April 2016,at para 33

 188   Business SA,submission in reply - exposure drafts,6 May 2016,at 11.23

 189   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at paras 30–34

 190   AWU,submission - exposure draft,17 April 2016,at para 36

 191   AWU,submission - exposure draft,17 April 2016,at para 37

 192   NFF,submission in reply - exposure draft,5 May 2016,at para 33

 193   ABI,submission in reply - exposure draft,6 May 2016,at 19.7

 194   Business SA,submission –exposure drafts,15 April 2016,at para 11.2.11;and NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at para 82

 195   Business SA,submission –exposure drafts,15 April 2016,at 11.2.11;see Pig Breeding and Raising (AWU) Award at cl.15.3.8 and cl.14.1

 196   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,5 May 2016,at paras 42 and 89

 197   NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at para 98

 198   NFF,submission -revised exposure draft and summary of submission,28 September 2016,at para 8

 199   SCAA,submission in reply,20 October 2016,summary table at para 22

 200   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,23 November 2016,at para 38

 201   NFF,submission -revised exposure draft and summary of submission,28 September 2016,at para 8,and SCAA,submission in reply,20 October 2016,summary table at para 22

 202   NFF,submission - revised exposure draft and summary of submission,28 September 2016,at para 8,and NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at paras 54–61

 203   NFF,submission - revised exposure draft and summary of submission,28 September 2016,at para 8

 204   NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at para 99

 205   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 62

 206   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 62;and NFF,submission - revised exposure draft and summary of submission,28 September 2016,at para 8

 207   AWU,submission in reply,23 November 2016,at para 39;and AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,5 May 2016,at para 52

 208   AWU,submission in reply,23 November 2016,at paras 39–46

 209   NFF,submission - revised exposure draft and summary of submission,28 September 2016,at para 8

 210   NFF,submission - revised exposure draft and summary of submission,28 September 2016,at para 8

 211   SCAA,submission in reply,20 October 2016,summary table at para 22

 212   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at paras 66–68

 213   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,5 May 2016,at para 61

 214   AWU,submission in reply,23 November 2016,at para 47

 215   AWU,submission - exposure draft,17 April 2016,at para 48

 216   AWU,submission - exposure draft,17 April 2016,at para 48

 217   AWU,submission - exposure draft,17 April 2016,at para 49

 218   AWU,submission - exposure draft,17 April 2016,at para 51

 219   Transcript,4 July 106 at PN 52–53

 220   NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at paras 118–119

 221   NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at paras 118–119

 222   NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at para 120

 223   NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at para 120

 224   NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at paras 120–122

 225   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at paras 71–73

 226   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,5 May 2016 at para 68

 227   AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,5 May 2016 at para 68

 228   NFF,submission - exposure draft,14 April 2016,at paras 124–125

 229   See AWU,submission in reply - exposure draft,5 May 2016 at para 68;and Business SA,submission in reply - exposure drafts,6 May 2016,at para 11.37

 230   NFF,submission - outstanding claims,26 October 2016,at para 74

 231   Transcript,4 July 2016,at PN 610–614

 232   NFF,submission,8 July 2016,at p. 3

 233   See Statement [2016] FWC 1838 attaching Amended Directions

 234   MUA submission,14 April 2016

 235   Ports Australia reply submission,18 May 2016

 236   Transcript,6 June 2016

 237   Transcript,4 August 2016

 238   Port Services Award 1998 [AP792489]

 239   Port Authorities Award –State 2003 [AN140213]

 240   Maritime Union of Australia Submission –14 April 2016

 241   Maritime Union of Australia and The Australian Institute of Marine and Power Engineers –Parties’draft award—Maritime Industry Port Authorities &Construction Award 2010

 242   Ports Australia submissions in reply –18 May 2016

 243   Ports Australia submissions in reply –18 May 2016

 244   See Decision [2014] FWCFB 1788 at [24] and [60]

 245   See Statement [2016] FWC 1838 attaching Amended Directions

 246   AWU submission –18 April 2016;and reply submission –5 May 2016

 247   Business SA submission –15 April 2016

 248   MIAL submission –14 April 2016;and reply submission –5 May 2016

 249   MUA submission –28 May 2016;submission –14 April 2016

 250   Transcript –6 June 2016

 251   Transcript –4 August 2016

 252   [2016] FWC 7768

 253   See Transcript –4 August 2016 at PN405–602

 254   Statement [2016] FWC 1838

 255   Transcript,6 June 2016 at PN915–941

 256   Statement [2016] FWC 1838

 257   Transcript,4 August 2016

 258   [2016] FWC 7768

 259   See Transcript,4 August 2016 at PN405–602

 260   Statement [2016] FWC 1838,Transcript,4 August 2016 at PN685

 261   [2015] FWCFB 4960

262 Ai Group submission –report to the full bench,5 August 2016;CEPU,Submission –report to the full bench,28 July 2016

 263   Transcript 6 June 2016 at PN 452

 264   Transcript 6 June 2016 at PN 452

 265   Report to the Full Bench,3 June 2016 at para 3,see Attachment A item 1

 266   Transcript,1 June 2016 PN 458

 267   Report to the Full Bench,25 August 2016,see Attachment A item 1

 268   National Farmers Federation submission 16 July 2016 at paragraph 3

 269   Report to the Full Bench,3 June 2016, Annexure G –Summary of Proposed Variation (amended),item 1

 270   Comparison document to the revised exposure draft of the plain language Pharmacy Industry Award,22 July 2016,page 3

 271   See NFF Submission 14 April 2016 at paragraph 12

 272   Business SA Submission 6 May 2016 at paragraph 8.26

 273   AWU submission 5 May 2016 at page 2

 274   Transcript,6 June 2016 at PN 60

 275   [2016] FWC 4756

 276   SDA,APESMA,HSU Joint submission:Revised plain language draft of 21 April 2016,24 April 2016 paragraph 16

 277   [2016] FWCFB 5621 at [10]

 278   [2016] FWC 4756 at [39]

 279   [2016] FWC 4756 at [40]

 280   Transcript 21 April 2016 at PN877

 281   Matter withdrawn at conference retaining definition in both coverage clause and definition clause,Report to the Full Bench,3 June 2016 at paragraph 4 (see reference to item 22)

 282   Transcript 21 April 2016 at PN972

 283   Agreed in conference before Johns C,‘Education Services (Post-Secondary Education) Award’Summary of Submissions 1 June 2016,see item 2

 284   Report to the Full Bench 3 June 2016 paragraph 3,see attachment A reference to item 5,and item 57

 285   Report to the Full Bench 3 June 2016 paragraph 3,see attachment A reference to item 6

 286   Report to the Full Bench,25 August 2016 paragraph 3,see attachment A reference to item 3

 287   Higher Education Industry–Academic Staff–Award,Summary of submissions (31 May 2016),Item 8

 288   Higher Education Industry–General Staff–Award,Summary of submissions (1 June 2016),Item 4

 289   Asbury DP,‘Sugar Industry Award’Statement 1 June 2016;see also Sugar Industry Award Exposure Draft revised 3 June 2016,clause 2 and 4.2

 290   Transcript 21 April 2016 [PN972]

 291   For Group 3 see:Banking,Finance and Insurance Award 2010;Marketing and Social Research Award 2010;Real Estate Industry Award 2010;Telecommunications Services Award 2010;Electrical Power Industry Award 2010;Seagoing Industry Award 2010

 292   Report to the Full Bench,3 June 2016,paragraph 3,at attachment A,reference to item 9

 293   Report to the Full Bench,3 June 2016,paragraph 7,see reference to item 6

 294   Fair Work Commission,Report from the plain language modern award pilot,April 2016,page 23

 295   Comparison document - Revised exposure draft,22 July 2016,page 3

 296   [2016] FWCFB 4258 at [55]

297 Transcript,6 June 2016 PN 246-267

 298   See for example Telecommunication Services Award ,Report to the Full Bench,26 May 2016 see Telecommunication Services Award at p. 5 para 6

 299   Ai Group,Submission- exposure drafts,14 April 2016,at paras 175-176 and 334-335. Claim made in respect of Business Equipment Award,Horticulture Award

 300   [2015] FWCFB 4658 see definitions of ‘all purpose’at [42]

 301   [2015] FWCFB 4658 [44]

 302   Report to the Full Bench,2 May 2016,at p.2 para 6

 303   Transcript 20 July 2016 at PN803

 304   Ai Group Submission,31 August 2016 at para 6

 305   Ai Group Submission,31 August 2016 at paras 3-4

 306   Ai Group Submission,14 April 2016 at para 7-15

 307   [2015] FWCFB 7236 at [299]

 308   Ai Group Submission,14 April 2016 at para 115

 309   Ai Group Submission,14 April 2016 at para 350

 310   Ai Group Submission,14 April 2016 at para 349

 311   Ai Group Submission,14 April 2016 at para 158

 312   Report of the Full Bench into Inquiry into Penalty Payments (Case No. B274 of 1979) QGIG,vol 108,213

 313   Ai Group Submission,14 April 2016 at para 9

 314   Workers Compensation Act 1987 (NSW) s.44C

 315   [2015] FWCFB 4658 [35]-[47]

 316   [2015] FWCFB 4658 [35]

 317   [2015] FWCFB 4658 at [47]

318 Ai Group Submission,31 August 2016 at para 6–48

319 Ai Group Submission,31 August 2016 at paras 10

 320   Transcript,6 June 2016 at PN 410–415

 321   [2016] FWC 4756 at [5]

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About this document
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Code:
PR594111
Title:
PR594111 - Decision - 06 Jul 2017
Effective:
6 Jul 2017
Updated:
12 Jul 2017
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